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ZHLS-GF (Zone-Based Hierarchical Link State Routing Protocol with Gateway Flooding) is a hybrid routing protocol based on ZHLS.[1] In ZHLS, all network nodes construct two routing tables, an intra-zone routing table and an inter-zone routing table, by flooding NodeLSPs within the zone and ZoneLSPs throughout the network. However, this incurs a large communication overhead in the network. In ZHLS-GF, the flooding scheme floods ZoneLSPs only to the gateway nodes of zones thus reduces the communication overhead significantly. Further, in ZHLS-GF only the gateway nodes store ZoneLSPs and construct inter-zone routing tables therefore the total storage capacity required in the network is less than ZHLS.


  1. ^ Mario Joa-Ng and I-Tai Lu. "A peer-to-peer two-level link state routing for mobile ad-hoc wireless network". The special issue on Wireless Ad Hoc Networks of IEEE JSAC, Vol. 17, No. 8, pp.1415-1425, Aug. 1999. 
  • Hamma, T., Katoh, T., Bista, B.B. and Takata, T., 2006, “An Efficient ZHLS Routing Protocol for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks”, Proc. of DEXA Workshops 2006, pp. 66–70.