The ZIL-131 is a general purpose 3.5 tons 6x6 army truck designed in the Soviet Union by ZIL. The basic model being a general cargo truck. Variants include a tractor-trailer truck, a dump truck, a fuel truck, and a 6x6 for towing a 4-wheeled powered trailer. The ZIL-131 also serves as a platform for the 9P138 rocket launcher, a 30-tube variant of the BM-21 "Grad".
The ZIL-131 was introduced in 1966; it is a military version of the ZIL-130, that was introduced in 1962, and a family of two trucks is sharing identical components. The ZIL-131 6x6 has the same equipment as the GAZ-66 and Ural-375D.
- Cab Design: Forward Engine
- Seating Capacity (cab): 3
- Curb weight: 6700 kg
- Payload: 5000 kg plus trailer 5000 kg (on road), or 3,500 kg plus trailer 4000 kg off road.
- Suspension: solid axles with leaf springs.
- Engine: V8 gasoline (carburetor) ZIL-130
- Displacement: 6,960 cc (bore 3.94", stroke 4.36")
- Compression Ratio: 6.5:1.
- Top speed: 80 km/h
- Brakes: drums, with pneumatic control.
- Stopping distance (at 35 km/h): 40 ft (12 m)
- Length: 23 ft 1 in (7.04 m)
- Width: 8 ft 2 in (2.49 m)
- Height: 8 ft 2 in (2.49 m) (cab)/ 9 ft 9 in (2.97 m) (transport body)
- Wheelbase: 10 ft 10 in (3.30 m)+4 ft 7 in (1.40 m)
- Track front/rear: 6 ft (1.83 m)/5 ft 11 in (1.80 m)
- Tire measures: 12.00x20
- Maneuverability: turning circle 33'5.6", approach angle 36°, departure angle 40°, max. ascent angle 31° (with 3,750 kg (8,267 lb) load), ground clearance 13 in (330 mm), overcome ford 4 ft 7 in (1.40 m)
- Tires: 305R20
- Tire Pressure: 7.1-60 p.s.i.(controlled).
- Fuel tanks: 2x45 gal.
- Fuel economy: 5.9 mpg‑US (40 L/100 km; 7.1 mpg‑imp) (city), 50 to 100 liters/100 km (cross-country).
- Price $7,300 to $8,300 USD
- transmission: 5 m, 2-speed transfer case
Ukrainian Army ZIL-131
- http://66.ru/auto/news/117808/ Famous factory "Automobiles and Motors of the Urals" ceased to exist dated 6 May 2012
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