ZP3

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ZP3
Zp3 structure pdb 3nk3.png
Identifiers
Aliases ZP3, ZP3A, ZP3B, ZPC, Zp-3, zona pellucida glycoprotein 3 (sperm receptor)
External IDs OMIM: 182889 MGI: 99215 HomoloGene: 5178 GeneCards: 7784
Orthologs
Species Human Mouse
Entrez
Ensembl
UniProt
RefSeq (mRNA)

NM_007155
NM_001110354

NM_011776

RefSeq (protein)

NP_001103824.1
NP_009086.4

NP_035906.1

Location (UCSC) Chr 7: 76.4 – 76.44 Mb Chr 5: 135.98 – 135.99 Mb
PubMed search [1] [2]
Wikidata
View/Edit Human View/Edit Mouse

Zona pellucida sperm-binding protein 3, also known as zona pellucida glycoprotein 3 (Zp-3) or the sperm receptor, is a protein that in humans is encoded by the ZP3 gene.[3][4] ZP3 is the receptor in the zona pellucida which binds sperm at the beginning of fertilization.

Function[edit]

The zona pellucida (ZP) is a specialized extracellular matrix that surrounds the oocyte and early embryo. It is composed of three or four glycoproteins (ZP1-4) with various functions during oogenesis, fertilization and preimplantation development. The protein encoded by this gene is a major structural component of the ZP and functions in primary binding and stimulation of the sperm acrosome reaction. The nascent protein contains a N-terminal signal peptide sequence, a conserved ZP domain, a consensus furin cleavage site (CFCS), a polymerization-blocking external hydrophobic patch (EHP), and a C-terminal transmembrane domain. Cleavage at the CFCS separates the mature protein from the EHP, allowing it to incorporate into nascent ZP filaments. A variation in the last exon of this gene has previously served as the basis for an additional ZP3 locus; however, sequence and literature review reveals that there is only one full-length ZP3 locus in the human genome. Another locus encoding a bipartite transcript designated POMZP3 contains a duplication of the last four exons of ZP3, including the above described variation, and maps closely to this gene.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Human PubMed Reference:". 
  2. ^ "Mouse PubMed Reference:". 
  3. ^ a b "Entrez Gene: zona pellucida glycoprotein 3 (sperm receptor)". 
  4. ^ van Duin M, Polman JE, Verkoelen CC, Bunschoten H, Meyerink JH, Olijve W, Aitken RJ (December 1992). "Cloning and characterization of the human sperm receptor ligand ZP3: evidence for a second polymorphic allele with a different frequency in the Caucasian and Japanese populations". Genomics. 14 (4): 1064–70. doi:10.1016/S0888-7543(05)80130-2. PMID 1478648. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

This article incorporates text from the United States National Library of Medicine, which is in the public domain.