|Origin||Houston, Texas, U.S.|
ZZ Top[a] is an American rock band formed in 1969 in Houston, Texas. For 51 years, it was composed of vocalist-guitarist Billy Gibbons, drummer Frank Beard and bassist-vocalist Dusty Hill, until Hill's death in 2021. ZZ Top had developed a signature sound based on Gibbons' blues guitar playing style and Hill and Beard's rhythm section. They are popular for their live performances, sly and humorous lyrics, and the matching appearances of Gibbons and Hill, who wore sunglasses, hats and long beards.
ZZ Top formed after Gibbons' previous band, Moving Sidewalks, disbanded in 1969. Within a year, they signed with London Records and released ZZ Top's First Album in 1971. Subsequent releases, such as Tres Hombres (1973) and Fandango! (1975), and the singles "La Grange" and "Tush", gained extensive radio airplay. By the mid-1970s, ZZ Top had become renowned in North America for their live act, including the Worldwide Texas Tour (1976–1977), which was a critical and commercial success.
After a hiatus, ZZ Top returned in 1979 with a new musical direction and image, with Gibbons and Hill wearing sunglasses and matching chest-length beards. With the album El Loco (1981), they began to experiment with synthesizers and drum machines. They established a more mainstream sound and rose to international stardom with Eliminator (1983) and Afterburner (1985), which integrated influences from new wave, punk, and dance-rock. The popularity of these albums' music videos, including those for "Gimme All Your Lovin'", "Sharp Dressed Man", and "Legs", gave them mass exposure on television channel MTV and made them prominent artists in 1980s pop culture. The Afterburner tour set records for the highest-attended and highest-grossing concert tour of 1986.
After gaining additional acclaim with the release of their tenth album Recycler (1990), and its accompanying tour, the group's experimentation continued with mixed success on the albums Antenna (1994), Rhythmeen (1996), XXX (1999), and Mescalero (2003). They most recently released La Futura (2012) and Goin' 50 (2019), a compilation album commemorating the band's 50th anniversary. By the time of Hill's death in 2021, ZZ Top had become the longest-running band with an unchanged lineup in the history of popular music. Per Hill's wishes, he was replaced by their longtime guitar tech Elwood Francis on bass.
ZZ Top has released 15 studio albums and sold an estimated 50 million records worldwide. They have won three MTV Video Music Awards, and in 2004, the members were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. In 2015, Rolling Stone ranked Gibbons the 32nd greatest guitarist of all time. The band members have supported campaigns and charities including Childline, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, and a fundraiser for the Delta Blues Museum.
Early years (1969–1972)
The original line-up was formed in Houston and consisted of Gibbons, bassist/organist Lanier Greig, and drummer Dan Mitchell. The name of the band was Gibbons' idea. The band had a small apartment covered with concert posters and he noticed that many performers' names used initials. Gibbons particularly noticed B.B. King and Z. Z. Hill and thought of combining the two into "ZZ King", but considered it too similar to the original name. He then figured that "king is at the top" which gave him the idea of naming the band "ZZ Top".
ZZ Top was managed by Bill Ham, a Waxahachie, Texas, native who had befriended Gibbons a year earlier. They released their first single, "Salt Lick", in 1969, and the B-side contained the song "Miller's Farm". Both songs credited Gibbons as the composer. Immediately after the recording of "Salt Lick", Greig was replaced by bassist Billy Ethridge, a bandmate of Stevie Ray Vaughan, and Mitchell was replaced by Frank Beard of American Blues. Due to lack of interest from the major American record companies, ZZ Top accepted a record deal from London Records, the American affiliate of the British Decca Records label. Unwilling to sign a recording contract, Ethridge quit the band and Dusty Hill, Frank Beard's American Blues bandmate, became his replacement in late 1969. At this moment, all three members of the band were 20 years old. After Hill moved from Dallas to Houston, ZZ Top signed with London in 1970. They performed their first concert together at a Knights of Columbus Hall in Beaumont, Texas, on February 10, 1970. The show was booked by KLVI radio personality Al Caldwell, who was also instrumental in broadcasting the band's first recordings.
In addition to assuming the role as the band's leader, Gibbons became the main lyricist and musical arranger. With the assistance of Ham and engineer Robin Hood Brians, ZZ Top's First Album (1971) was released. It featured "barrelhouse" rhythms, distorted guitars, double entendres, and innuendo. The music and songs reflected ZZ Top's blues influences. Following their debut album, the band released Rio Grande Mud (1972), which produced their first charting single, "Francine".
First decade of success and signature sound (1973–1982)
This section needs additional citations for verification. (March 2023)
ZZ Top released Tres Hombres in 1973, which reached the No. 8 position on the Billboard 200 albums chart by early 1974. The album's sound was the result of the propulsive support provided by Hill and Beard, and Gibbons' "growling" guitar tone. Stephen Thomas Erlewine wrote that the album "brought ZZ Top their first Top Ten record, making them stars in the process". The album included the boogie-driven "La Grange" (written about the Chicken Ranch, a notorious brothel in La Grange, Texas, that also inspired the musical The Best Little Whorehouse in Texas). On the subsequent tour, the band performed sold-out concerts in the US. During this tour, ZZ Top recorded the live tracks that would fill one side of their 1975 album, Fandango!. Fandango!, which also contained one side of new studio songs, was a top-ten album; its single "Tush" peaked at number 20 on the Billboard Hot 100.
ZZ Top began the Worldwide Texas Tour in May 1976 to support Fandango!, and the tour continued through 1977 with 98 shows over 18 months. Tejas, recorded during a break in the tour and released in November 1976, was the final ZZ Top album under their contract with London Records. It was not as successful or as positively received as their previous two efforts, but reached number 17 on the Billboard 200. The singles from Tejas, "It's Only Love" and "Arrested for Driving While Blind", both failed to crack the Top 40 on the Billboard Hot 100.
Exhausted following the Worldwide Texas Tour, the band needed a break. Frank Beard started by completing a 30 day detox program to kick his drug addiction, which had included a growing heroin problem. "Somewhere during that time I got a cheque for $72,000, my first big money, and I probably spent it all on drugs." Gibbons traveled to Europe, Beard went to Jamaica, and Hill went to Mexico. Hill also spent 3 months working at DFW Airport, saying he wanted to "feel normal" and "ground himself" after years spent performing. In order to help him blend in, he wore a nametag that just said "Joe". The band's break would eventually last almost 2 years. In 1979, when the group returned to record a new album, Gibbons and Hill were now sporting chest-length beards. ZZ Top signed with Warner Bros. Records and released the album Degüello in late 1979. Their hit singles from this period, "Cheap Sunglasses" and "Pearl Necklace", showed a more modern sound.
While the Degüello album went platinum, it only reached number 24 on the Billboard chart. The album produced two popular singles: "I Thank You", a cover of the David Porter/Isaac Hayes composition originally recorded by Sam & Dave, and the band original "Cheap Sunglasses". The band remained a popular concert attraction and toured in support of Degüello. In April 1980, ZZ Top made their first appearances in Europe, performing for the German music television show Rockpalast (later included on the 2009 DVD Double Down Live: 1980 & 2008) and the BBC show The Old Grey Whistle Test. The band shared the BBC's studio with English electronic group Orchestral Manoeuvres in the Dark (OMD), whom Gibbons felt "were great". Inspired by OMD, ZZ Top introduced a jerky dancing style to their live show and began to experiment with synthesizers, which featured prominently on the October 1981 album El Loco. The album peaked at number 17 on the Billboard chart, and featured the singles "Tube Snake Boogie", "Pearl Necklace", and "Leila".
Eliminator, Afterburner, and Recycler (1983–1991)
Gibbons pushed the band into a more modern direction for Eliminator, released in March 1983. The album featured two Top-40 singles ("Gimme All Your Lovin'" and "Legs"), and two additional Top Rock hits ("Got Me Under Pressure" and "Sharp Dressed Man"), with the extended dance mix of "Legs" peaking at number 13 on the Club Play Singles chart. The album became a critical and commercial success, selling more than 10 million copies while peaking at No. 9 in the U.S. Billboard pop charts. It is the only ZZ Top album to reach Diamond status in the US.
Several music videos from the album were in regular rotation on MTV, attracting many new fans. The band won their first MTV Video Music Awards in the categories of Best Group Video for "Legs", and Best Direction for "Sharp Dressed Man". The music videos were included in their Greatest Hits video, which was later released on DVD and quickly went multi-platinum.
Eliminator retained Gibbons's signature guitar style while adding elements of new wave music; electronic band Depeche Mode have been cited as an influence on the album. To compose the songs, Gibbons worked closely with live-in engineer Linden Hudson at the band's rehearsal studio in Texas, setting a faster tempo with drum machines and synthesizers. The main recording sessions were once again supervised in Memphis by Terry Manning who collaborated with Gibbons to replace much of the contributions from Hill and Beard. Singer Jimi Jamison joined Manning to provide backing vocals for the album.
Stage manager David Blayney described how Hudson co-wrote much of the material on the album without receiving credit. The band recorded Hudson's song "Thug" without permission, finally paying him $600,000 in 1986 after he proved in court he held the copyright.[page needed][page needed]
Despite selling fewer copies than Eliminator, Afterburner (1985) became ZZ Top's highest-charting album (No. 4 on the U.S. Billboard chart), with sales of five million copies. All of the singles from Afterburner were Top-40 hits, with "Sleeping Bag" and "Stages" reaching number one on the Mainstream Rock chart. The music video for "Velcro Fly" was choreographed by pop singer Paula Abdul. In 1987, ZZ Top released The Six Pack, a collection of their first five albums plus El Loco. The albums were remixed with new drum and guitar effects for a more "contemporary" sound similar to Eliminator.
Recycler, released in 1990, was ZZ Top's final studio album under contract with Warner Records. Recycler was also the last of a distinct sonic trilogy in the ZZ Top catalogue, marking a return towards a simpler guitar-driven blues sound with less synthesizer and pop bounce than the previous two albums. This move did not entirely suit the fan base that Eliminator and Afterburner had built up, and while Recycler did achieve platinum status, it never matched the sales of those albums. However, the single "My Head's in Mississippi" did reach No. 1 on the Billboard Album Rock Tracks chart that year.
Return to guitar-driven sound (1992–2003)
In 1992, Warner released ZZ Top's Greatest Hits, along with a new Rolling Stones-style cut, "Gun Love", and an Elvis-inflected video, "Viva Las Vegas". In 1993, ZZ Top inducted a major influence, Cream, into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.
In 1994, the band signed a $35 million deal with RCA Records, releasing the million-selling Antenna. Subsequent RCA albums, Rhythmeen (1996) and 1999's XXX (the second album to feature live tracks) sold well, but did not reach the levels enjoyed previously. In 2003, ZZ Top released a final RCA album, Mescalero, an album thick with harsh Gibbons guitar and featuring a hidden track—a cover version of "As Time Goes By." RCA impresario Clive Davis wanted to do a collaboration record (in the mode of Carlos Santana's successful Supernatural) for this album. In an interview in Goldmine magazine, Davis stated that artists Pink, Dave Matthews, and Wilco were among the artists slated for the project. ZZ Top performed "Tush" and "Legs" as part of the Super Bowl XXXI halftime show in 1997.
A comprehensive four-CD collection of recordings from the London and Warner Bros. years, Chrome, Smoke & BBQ, was released in 2003. It featured the band's first single (A- and B-side) and several rare B-side tracks, as well as a radio promotion from 1979, a live track, and several extended dance-mix versions of their biggest MTV hits. Three tracks from Billy Gibbons' pre-ZZ band, the Moving Sidewalks, were also included.
Critical acclaim and retrospective releases (2004–2011)
In 2006 Tres Hombres and Fandango! received releases of expanded and remastered versions, which used the original mixes free from echo and drum machines and included additional bonus live tracks.
The Eliminator Collector's Edition CD/DVD, celebrating the 25th anniversary of the band's iconic RIAA Diamond Certified album, was released September 10, 2008. The release includes seven bonus tracks and a bonus DVD, including four television performances from The Tube in November 1983.
The band performed at the 2009 Houston Livestock Show and Rodeo on the final night on March 22, 2009. In July, the band appeared on VH1's Storytellers, in celebration of their four decades as recording artists.
La Futura (2012–2020)
Billy Gibbons stated in an interview in August 2011 that a new album had been recorded, with initial recording taking place in Malibu, California, before moving to Houston, but was still unnamed and had yet to be mixed and mastered. Gibbons said that the expected release date was sometime in March or April 2012 but, later, a late summer or early fall release date was announced. The album was subsequently released on September 11, 2012.
Entitled La Futura, the album was produced by Rick Rubin. The first single from the album, "I Gotsta Get Paid", debuted in an advertising campaign for Jeremiah Weed Whiskey and appears on the soundtrack of the film Battleship. The song itself is an interpretation of "25 Lighters" by Texan hip hop DJ DMD and rappers Lil' Keke and Fat Pat. The first four songs from La Futura debuted on June 5, 2012, on an EP called Texicali. DJ Screw was a major influence on the album as well, particularly because Gibbons and Screw both worked with engineer G. L. Moon during the late 1990s.
On March 3, 2015, ZZ Top began a North American tour in Red Bank, New Jersey, at the Count Basie Theatre. After rescheduled dates and additions, the tour ended in Highland Park, Illinois, at the Ravinia Festival on August 27, with the opening act Blackberry Smoke. Jeff Beck joined ZZ Top for seven concerts.
On September 9, 2016, ZZ Top released Tonite at Midnight: Live Greatest Hits from Around the World. In 2017, they began the 2017 Tonnage Tour, but canceled the last few dates due to Hill's declining health. In 2018, the band announced their six-day Las Vegas run of shows to be held at the Venetian, starting from April 20, 2019. Gibbons told Las Vegas Review-Journal in April 2020 that ZZ Top had been preparing another album. On June 21, 2020, Gibbons stated interest in having Beck appear.
Hill's death and upcoming sixteenth studio album (2021–present)
In July 2021, Hill was forced to leave a tour after a hip injury. ZZ Top performed without him at the Village Commons in New Lenox, Illinois, with Hill's guitar tech Elwood Francis on bass. Five days later, on July 28, ZZ Top announced that Hill had died at his home in Houston at the age of 72. His wife later reported that he had suffered from chronic bursitis. Per Hill's wishes, ZZ Top continued with Francis on bass. Hill had already recorded bass and vocals for ZZ Top's upcoming album.
On December 12, ZZ Top announced a co-headlining tour with Lynyrd Skynyrd for summer 2023, titled The Sharp Dressed Simple Man Tour. The tour is scheduled to commence July 21, 2023 in West Palm Beach and conclude September 17, 2023 in Camden.
ZZ Top played Super Bowl XXXI in 1997, along with the Blues Brothers and James Brown. They also performed at the 2008 Orange Bowl game in Miami, as well as the Auto Club 500 NASCAR event at the Auto Club Speedway in Fontana, California. On June 23, 2008, the band celebrated the release of their first live concert DVD titled Live from Texas with the world premiere, a special appearance, and charity auction at the Hard Rock Cafe in Houston. The DVD was officially released on June 24, 2008. The featured performance was culled from a concert filmed at the Nokia Theater in Grand Prairie, Texas, on November 1, 2007.
In June 2011, various media sources reported that the new song "Flyin' High" would debut in space. Astronaut and friend of ZZ Top Michael Fossum was given the released single to listen to on his trip to the International Space Station.
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (December 2021)
The Guardian described ZZ Top as "part traditional, part contrary, and part of the deep seam of Texas weirdness that stretched from the 13th Floor Elevators through to the Butthole Surfers". Texas Monthly described their music as "loud, macho, greasy, and distorted", with "unrepentant misogynistic references". In the early 1980s, ZZ Top embraced synthesizers and drum machines, drawing inspiration from British electronic acts such as Orchestral Manoeuvres in the Dark and Depeche Mode (while deriving their dance moves from the former). Hill and Gibbons worked as a kind of double act, looking similar and employing simple stage choreography that Hill described as "low-energy, high-impact".
Beard struggled with addiction in the 1970s, claiming to have spent "every bit" of his money earned from ZZ Top's tours on drugs. Beard explains that he had different reasons for taking different drugs, saying "the pills thing came about just from the workload. And the heroin thing came about because I just liked it. I mean, you ever done heroin? It's great. It's a fucking vacation for the mind, and I liked it. I liked it a lot." Beard would eventually enter rehab in the 1980s and is sober to this day.
Hill would "[occasionally] partake" in marijuana until one occasion in a hotel in Amsterdam when Hill was smoking marijuana with guitar tech Elwood Francis and Francis noticed that there was a metal bar embedded into the window frame of the hotel room. Francis, seeing an opportunity for a cruel prank, jumped out the window and (unbeknownst to Hill) grabbed onto the metal bar, making it appear that he had committed suicide. Hill apparently never smoked marijuana again after the incident.
Current touring musicians
In addition to recording and performing concerts, ZZ Top has also been involved with films and television. In the eighth episode "Sweet Dreams" in the third season of the American television medical drama St. Elsewhere, Dr. Luther Hawkins's (Denzel Washington) dream sequence was a parody of the music video "Legs" with the group while taking a brief nap in a janitor's closet; In 1990, the group appeared as the "Band At the Party" in the film Back to the Future Part III and played the "Three Men in a Tub" in the movie Mother Goose Rock 'n' Rhyme. ZZ Top made further appearances, including the "Gumby with a Pokey" episode of Two and a Half Men in 2010 and the "Hank Gets Dusted" episode of King of the Hill in 2007. The band also guest hosted an episode of WWE Raw. Billy Gibbons had a recurring role as the father of Angela Montenegro in the television show Bones; though the character is never named, it is strongly implied that Gibbons is playing himself. Their song "Sharp Dressed Man" was one of the theme songs used for the television show Duck Dynasty, and on the series finale of the show they appeared with Si Robertson as a vocalist to perform the song on stage during Robertson's retirement party. Black Dahlia Films, led by Jamie Burton Chamberlin, of Seattle and Los Angeles, has contributed documentaries and back line screen work (the footage on back screens during live shows) and has become an integral part of the band's film-making.
In November 2020, it was announced that the 2019 Netflix documentary That Little Ol' Band from Texas was nominated for the Grammy Award for Best Music Film with the award ceremony scheduled for March 2021.
Awards and achievements
ZZ Top's music videos won multiple VMA awards during the 1980s, topping the categories of Best Group Video, Best Direction, and Best Art Direction for "Legs", "Sharp Dressed Man" and "Rough Boy", respectively. Among high honors for ZZ Top have been induction into Hollywood's RockWalk in 1994, the Texas House of Representatives naming them "Official Heroes for the State of Texas", a declaration of "ZZ Top Day" in Texas by then-governor Ann Richards on May 4, 1991, and induction into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2004. They were also given commemorative rings by actor Billy Bob Thornton from the VH1 Rock Honors in 2007.
ZZ Top has also achieved several chart and album sales feats, including six number-one singles on the Mainstream Rock chart. From the RIAA, ZZ Top has earned four gold, three platinum and two multiple-platinum album certifications, and one diamond album.
- Pronounced "Zee Zee Top".
- Milano, Brett (August 10, 2021). "Oldest Bands in Music: Acts That Defy the Laws of Age and Time". uDiscover Music. Retrieved August 20, 2021.
- Falcon, Gabriel (July 21, 2019). "ZZ Top: After 50 years they've still got legs". CBS News. Retrieved March 4, 2020.
- Blackstock, Peter (May 15, 2019). "ZZ Top at 50: Billy Gibbons takes us back to the beginning". Austin American-Statesman. Retrieved May 15, 2019.
- "100 Greatest Guitarists". Rolling Stone. December 8, 2015. Retrieved March 4, 2020.
- Dansby, Andrew (February 16, 2013). "Greig, early ZZ Top member, dies at 64". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved July 28, 2014.
- "Uncle Joe Benson – The Story: ZZ Top 9-11-15 The Stor". SoundCloud. Archived from the original on October 7, 2015. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
- Hlavaty, Craig (February 10, 2020). "ZZ Top played its first show together 50 years ago". houstonchronicle.com. Retrieved May 25, 2022.
- Wilkening, Matthew (April 4, 2015). "Revisiting ZZ Top's Second Album, 'Rio Grande Mud'". Ultimate Classic Rock. Retrieved June 5, 2019.
- Woodstra, Chris; Bush, John; Erlewine, Stephen Thomas (2007). All Music Guide Required Listening: Classic Rock. Hal Leonard Corporation. p. 256. ISBN 978-0-87930-917-6.
- Moreno, Ricky (October 22, 2020). "Live Rattlesnakes and Rock n' Roll: The Story of ZZ Top's "Worldwide Texas Tour"". stmuscholars.com. Retrieved May 25, 2022.
- "Tejas – Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved July 28, 2014.
- di Perna, Alan (July 2, 2008). "ZZ Top: Cars, Guitars, & Three Unlikely Rock Stars". Guitar World. Archived from the original on October 30, 2008.
- Lifton, Dave (August 31, 2019). "Why Dusty Hill Spent ZZ Top's '70s Hiatus Working at an Airport". Ultimate Classic Rock. Retrieved July 30, 2021.
- Erlewine, Stephen Thomas (July 28, 2021). "ZZ Top bassist Dusty Hill dies at 72". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved August 22, 2021.
- "Degüello – Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved July 28, 2014.
- Pinfold, William (January 15, 2010). "Double Down Live 1980/2008 – ZZ Top". Record Collector. No. 372. Retrieved May 3, 2022.
- "ZZ Top - Old Grey Whistle Test Session (1980)". BBC Radio 2. April 1980. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
- West, Mike (1982). Orchestral Manoeuvres in the Dark. Omnibus Press. pp. 19, 42. ISBN 0-7119-0149-X.
- Simmons, Sylvie (July 1–15, 1982). "Over the Top!". Kerrang!. No. 19. p. 6.
[Billy Gibbons:] We steal our [dance] moves heavily off Orchestral Manoeuvres in the Dark.
- Breihan, Tom (July 28, 2021). "ZZ Top's Dusty Hill Dead at 72". Stereogum. Archived from the original on July 28, 2021. Retrieved August 22, 2021.
- Bosso, Joe (June 3, 2013). "Billy Gibbons talks ZZ Top: The Complete Studio Albums (1970-1990)". MusicRadar. Archived from the original on July 12, 2014. Retrieved October 30, 2020.
- "El Loco – Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved July 28, 2014.
- "Eliminator – Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved July 28, 2013.
- "Gold & Platinum – ZZ Top". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved August 22, 2021.
- Fricke, David (November 10, 2015). "Billy Gibbons: My Life in 15 Songs". Rolling Stone. Retrieved November 1, 2020.
- Blayney, David (1994). Sharp Dressed Men. New York: Hyperion. pp. 196–203. ISBN 0-7868-8005-8.
- McCracken, Mitch (November 20, 2009). "Where are they now: Jimi Jamison of Survivor". The Sun Times. Archived from the original on April 4, 2019. Retrieved October 31, 2020.
- Frost, Deborah (1985). ZZ Top - Bad and Worldwide. New York: Rolling Stone Press. ISBN 0020029500.
- Sinclair, David (1986). Tres Hombres: The Story of ZZ Top. Virgin. ISBN 0-86369-167-6.
- Staff (March 1987). "Who Writes the Songs?". Texas Monthly. Vol. 15, no. 3. p. 82.
- "Afterburner – Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved July 28, 2013.
- "Paula Abdul – Times Topics". The New York Times. August 5, 2009. Retrieved December 19, 2010.
- Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "ZZ Top – Six Pack". AllMusic. Retrieved August 22, 2021.
- "Mainstream Rock: Dec 08, 1990". Billboard. November 28, 2013. Retrieved July 21, 2019.
- "VH1 Rock Honors 2007 – Honorees". VH1. 2007. Archived from the original on July 3, 2012. Retrieved December 19, 2010.
- ""Eliminator" Reissue Coming March 25th!". ZZtop.com. January 14, 2008. Archived from the original on July 18, 2011.
- "VH1 to Premiere ZZ Top "Storytellers"" (Press release). AHN. June 10, 2009. Archived from the original on July 25, 2011. Retrieved December 18, 2010.
- "ZZ Top 'Sowing and Stitching Away' at New Album, Says Billy Gibbons". Ultimate Classic Rock. Archived from the original on December 25, 2011. Retrieved September 22, 2011.
- "La Futura Arrives This September from ZZ Top". ZZtop.com. August 3, 2012. Archived from the original on October 14, 2012.
- Fricke, David; Helton, Eric; Murphy, Matthew (November 29, 2011). "Billy Gibbons on the band's next album". Rolling Stone. Retrieved July 28, 2014.
- "La Futura by ZZ Top". MP396. September 13, 2012. Archived from the original on December 28, 2013. Retrieved July 28, 2014.
- "Battleship (2012) – Soundtracks". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved July 28, 2014.
- Giles, Jeff (May 30, 2012). "ZZ Top's New Single Based on '90s Rap Song". Ultimate Classic Rock. Retrieved July 28, 2014.
- "Release Day!". ZZtop.com. Archived from the original on July 29, 2014. Retrieved July 7, 2012.
- Ratliff, Ben (September 6, 2012). "Traveling at the Speed of Molasses". The New York Times. Retrieved July 28, 2014.
- "ZZ Top 2015 North American Tour Schedule with Jeff Beck & Blackberry Smoke". Zz-top.concerttournewshub. Archived from the original on October 6, 2015. Retrieved March 29, 2015.
- "Upcoming Tour Dates". Zztop.com. Retrieved March 29, 2015.
- Giles, Jeff (October 25, 2016). "ZZ Top Announce 2017 'Tonnage' Tour". Ultimate Classic Rock. Retrieved October 1, 2018.
- Wilkening, Matthew (October 17, 2017). "ZZ Top Cancel Remaining 2017 Tour Dates". Ultimate Classic Rock. Retrieved October 1, 2018.
- "ZZ Top returning to Venetian in 2019". KTNV-TV. September 24, 2018. Retrieved October 1, 2018.
- Katsilometes, John (April 20, 2020). "Billy Gibbons says ZZ Top 'cooking up' new album". Las Vegas Review-Journal. Retrieved May 9, 2020.
- Kielty, Martin (June 21, 2020). "New ZZ Top Album Could Contain Song They Started 50 Years Ago". Ultimate Classic Rock. Retrieved July 4, 2020.
- Wilkening, Matthew (July 28, 2021). "Dusty Hill Insisted ZZ Top Not Break Up Following His Death". Ultimate Classic Rock. Retrieved July 28, 2021.
- Greene, Andy (July 28, 2021). "ZZ Top Bassist Dusty Hill Dead at 72". Rolling Stone. Retrieved July 28, 2021.
- "Dusty Hill's Widow Thanks Fans for Their Support Following ZZ Top Bassist's Death". Blabbermouth.net. August 3, 2021. Retrieved August 3, 2021.
Early Wednesday morning my world and yours would lose a great musician and I would lose my greatest love. He woke me up and we talked and as he was sweetly chatting with me he suddenly stopped and he was gone in an instant.
- Johnson, Kevin (August 7, 2021). "Dusty Hill's Bass and Vocals Will Be on Next ZZ Top Album". No Treble. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
- "ZZ Top Raw live album and new tour announced | Louder". Loudersound.com. March 8, 2022. Retrieved August 2, 2022.
- Greene, Andy (July 25, 2019). "Flashback: ZZ Top Visit Hill Valley in 'Back to the Future Part III'". Rolling Stone. Retrieved May 3, 2022.
- Stevenson, Doriean (January 25, 2021). "Best and worst Super Bowl halftime shows". CBS News. Retrieved March 5, 2021.
- "Events". Hardrock.com. June 23, 2008. Archived from the original on September 28, 2011. Retrieved October 2, 2011.
- Rotman, Natalie (January 23, 2010). "O'Brien ends run on 'Tonight' show after 7 months" (Press release). Associated Press. Archived from the original on June 2, 2017. Retrieved May 9, 2015.
- "ZZ Top Debuts New Song in Space". Ultimate Guitar. August 6, 2001. Retrieved July 28, 2014.
- Kaufman, Spencer (June 9, 2011). "ZZ Top Premiere New Song 'Flyin' High' on Russian Spacecraft". Ultimate Classic Rock. Retrieved September 30, 2019.
- Hann, Michael (July 29, 2021). "Dusty Hill's voice, tone and passion for the blues lifted ZZ Top into greatness". The Guardian. Retrieved July 30, 2021.
- Patoski, Joe Nick (December 1996). "Still ZZ After All These Years". Texas Monthly.
- Hann, Michael (November 12, 2018). "Gimme All Your Lovin' was a perfectly calibrated rock song — and was admired and covered by electronic acts". Financial Times. Archived from the original on August 9, 2021.
- Koda, Cub. "ZZ Top – Artist Biography". AllMusic. Retrieved July 28, 2014.
- Bashe, Patricia; George-Warren, Holly, eds. (2001). The Rolling Stone Encyclopedia of Rock & Roll (3rd ed.). Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-0-7432-0120-9.
- Talevski, Nick (2006). Rock Obituaries – Knocking on Heaven's Door. Omnibus Press. p. 173. ISBN 978-1-8460-9091-2.
- "How ZZ Top's First Album Established an Unbeatable Blues-Rock Blueprint". Dig!. January 16, 2021. Retrieved May 3, 2022.
- McPadden, Mike (2012). "ZZ Top". If You Like Metallica... Backbeat Books. ISBN 9781476813578.
- Zalkind, Ronald (1980). Contemporary Music Almanac: 1980–1981 (1st ed.). Schirmer Books. p. 349.
- Myers, Marc (April 4, 2022). "ZZ Top's 'Rio Grande Mud' at 50". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved May 3, 2022.
- Bonson, Fred (August 31, 1996). "Wea's Greatest Hits". Billboard. Vol. 108, no. 35. p. 34. ISSN 0006-2510.
It was the band's second album, "Tres Hombres", that established their boogie-rock credentials by peaking at No. 8 in 1974.
- Cibula, Matt (January 4, 2004). "ZZ Top: Mescalero". PopMatters. Retrieved February 20, 2014.
- Josh Jackson & Paste Music Staff (February 26, 2018). "The 50 Best Southern Rock Albums of All Time". Paste. Retrieved June 20, 2018.
- Apple, Steve (September 13, 1973). "ZZ Top: Tres Hombres". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on October 2, 2007.
- Miller, Jim (July 3, 1975). "ZZ Top: Fandango!". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on November 12, 2007.
- Hunter, James (September 22, 2012). "La Futura". Rolling Stone. Retrieved May 3, 2022.
- Kielty, Martin. "ZZ Top's Frank Beard Details '70s Heroin Addiction: 'A Regret'". Ultimate Classic Rock. Retrieved January 16, 2023.
- "Elwood Francis on Instagram: "So I'm in Dusty's room on the 3rd floor of a hotel in Amsterdam. It's early summer, fantastic weather outside and the windows were open. Dust didn't smoke weed but on occasion in Amsterdam, he would partake. This was one of those occasions. It was only Dusty, the TM and myself armed with a single joint. We slowly puffed a drag or 2 each and we're probably talking about Andy Griffith or something similar... just casual conversation. I walked over to the window and while looking out noticed this metal bar embedded in the concrete as part of the window frame. It was extended outside the window just below the bottom of the frame. I pulled around on the bar and checked its stability, then sat back down. After I passed the joint to Dusty on the next round, I got up and jumped out the window. They can't see that I had grabbed the rail with my hand as I was passing over it and was just hanging there like I would on monkey bars. Dusty and Pablo freaked out and jumped up not knowing what the heck to do. They ran over to the window expecting to see me splattered on the sidewalk but found me hanging there laughing. They both just remained confused about what happened while I popped back inside. Dusty didn't smoke weed anymore after that. Nor did he let me around any open windows. One of me best pranks, it was."". Instagram. Retrieved January 16, 2023.
- Giles, Jeff (February 21, 2014). "Meet the Other Three Members of ZZ Top". Ultimate Classic Rock. Retrieved September 16, 2017.
- "St. Elsewhere (1984) – Trivia". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved May 27, 2023.
- "St Elsewhere Luther's ZZ Top Dream". YouTube.
- O'Brien, Glenn (February 1986). "Life at the Top". Spin. Vol. 1, no. 10. p. 40. ISSN 0886-3032.
- "Back to the Future Part III (1990) – Full Cast & Crew". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved July 28, 2014.
- "Mother Goose Rock 'n' Rhyme (1990) – Full Cast & Crew". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved July 28, 2014.
- ""Two and a Half Men" Gumby with a Pokey (2010) – Full Cast & Crew". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved July 28, 2014.
- ""King of the Hill" Hank Gets Dusted (TV episode 2007)". Internet Movie Database. 2007. Retrieved July 28, 2014.
- "WWF Raw Is War – Episode dated 20 July 2009". Internet Movie Database. 2009. Retrieved July 28, 2014.
- Axmaster, Sean (March 28, 2017). "The Love Story of Bones' Booth and Brennan in 12 Episodes". Vulture.com. Retrieved April 22, 2017.
- "Legendary Rock Band Makes Surprise Appearance on Final Episode of 'Duck Dynasty'". Country Rebel. March 30, 2017. Retrieved April 22, 2017.
- "Black Dahlia Films + Seattle, WA". Blackdahliafilms.com. Archived from the original on February 4, 2015. Retrieved February 22, 2015.
- "New ZZ Top tour features West Seattle talent". West Seattle Herald. September 7, 2012. Retrieved February 22, 2015.
- "Category 84: Best Music Film" (PDF). The Recording Academy. November 20, 2020. p. 53. Retrieved November 30, 2020.
- "1986 Video Music Awards". MTV. Retrieved December 19, 2010.
- "Hollywood's RockWalk – ZZ Top". Guitar Center. 2007. Retrieved December 19, 2010.
- Yonke, David (September 9, 2009). "ZZ Top: Rocking hard since '69". Toledo Blade. Retrieved December 18, 2010.
- "Member News Releases" (Press release). Texas House of Representatives. September 29, 2005. Archived from the original on February 20, 2011. Retrieved December 18, 2010.