Zao Town Hall
Location of Zaō in Miyagi Prefecture
|• -Mayor||Murakami Eijin|
|• Total||152.83 km2 (59.01 sq mi)|
|Population (August 2017)|
|• Density||81/km2 (210/sq mi)|
|Time zone||Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)|
|- Tree||Japanese white pine|
|Address||10 Oji-Enta-ji-Nishiurakita, Zaō-machi, Katta-gun, Miyagi-ken 989-0892|
Zaō (蔵王町 Zaō-machi) is a town located in Katta District, Miyagi Prefecture, Japan. As of 31 August 2017[update], the town had an estimated population of 12,384 and a population density of 81 persons per km² in 4,528 households. The total area of the town was 152.84 square kilometres (59.01 sq mi).
Zaō is located in the Tōhoku region of northern Japan in southwestern Miyagi Prefecture in the Ōu Mountains, bordered by Yamagata Prefecture to the west. Parts of the town are within the borders of Zaō Quasi-National Park and Zaō Kōgen Prefectural Natural Park. Zaō has a humid climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) characterized by mild summers and cold winters. The average annual temperature in Zaō is 12.0 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1287 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 24.5 °C, and lowest in January, at around 0.5 °C.
Per Japanese census data, the population of Zaō remained steady over the past 40 years.
The area of present-day Zaō was part of ancient Mutsu Province, and was part of the holdings of Sendai Domain under the Edo period Tokugawa shogunate. It was made part Katta District in the new Iwaki Province at the start of the Meiji period. The district was transferred to Miyagi Prefecture on 21 August 1876. The villages of Enda and Miyamura was established on April 1, 1889 with the establishment of the post-Meiji restoration municipalities system. The two villages merged on April 1, 1955 to form the town of Zaō.
The economy of Zaō is largely based on agriculture and forestry and seasonal tourism.
Zaō has five public elementary schools and three public middle schools operated by the town government, and one public high school operated by the Miyagi Prefectural Board of Education.
Zaō is not served by any passenger train lines.
Media related to Zaō, Miyagi at Wikimedia Commons