|• Latin||al-Zababida (official)|
Zababdeh Community Center
|State||State of Palestine|
|• Type||Village council (from 1995)|
|• Total||5,719 dunams (5.7 km2 or 2.2 sq mi)|
|• Density||750/km2 (1,900/sq mi)|
|Name meaning||from "froth" or "civet"|
Zababdeh or Zababida (Arabic: الزبابدة) is a Palestinian town in the northern West Bank located 15 kilometres (9.3 miles) southeast of Jenin and 2 kilometres (1.2 miles) from the Arab American University.
The village was (re-)founded in 1834, during the Ottoman era, by three Christian Greek Orthodox families who purchased the land from Jenin Muslims. In 1838 "Zabedet" was noted as a Greek Christian village in the Haritheh area, north of Nablus.
In 1882, the PEF's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) described it as a "moderate sized village at the south edge of the arable plain called Wady es Selhab, supplied by a well on the east, with a low hill covered with brushwood on the south." The Latin Catholic mission established its presence in the village in 1883.
British Mandate era
In the 1922 census of Palestine, conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Zababdeh had a population of 482; 64 Muslims and 418 Christians, where the Christians were 83 Orthodox, 261 Roman Catholics and 74 Church of England. In the 1931 census the number of inhabitants had increased to 632; 91 Muslims and 541 Christians, in a total of 134 houses.
In 1945 Village Statistics Zababida had a population of 870; 90 Muslims and 780 Christians, and the jurisdiction of the village was 5,719 dunams of land, according to an official land and population survey. 2,510 dunams were used for plantations and irrigable land, 3,067 dunams for cereals, while 16 dunams were built-up (urban) land.
Zababdeh came under Israeli occupation along with the rest of the West Bank during the 1967 Six-Day War. The population of Kufeir Zababida in the 1967 census conducted by Israel was 1,520, of whom 329 originated from the Israeli territory.
According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics 2007 census, there were 3,665 residents, of which roughly two-thirds are Christians, and by law the mayor has to be a Christian., divided into Latin, Greek Orthodox, Greek Catholic and Anglican communities. For two decades, from 1974–75 until he was posted to a position as parish priest in Gaza (1995), the village priest was Manuel Musallam, a Fatah activist and native of Birzeit, who developed excellent educational facilities in the village that attracted commuting Muslim students from Jenin. Conflicts with Muslim residents are rare, according to Weaver.
- Esaid (Saeed)
- Khalil Ibrahim
- Two Khoury families related only by marriage
- Abu Sahliya
Zababdeh was featured in a short film Salt of the Earth: Palestinian Christians in the Northern West Bank examining the lives of nine Palestinian Christians living in and around the cities of Jenin and Nablus. Released by Salt Films, Inc., in 2004, the film was produced by Presbyterian missionaries Marthame and Elizabeth Sanders while they lived and worked in the Palestinian Christian village of Zababdeh.
Twin towns – sister cities
Zababdeh is twinned with:
- 2017 Locality Population Statistics. Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS).
- Palmer, 1881, pp. 212, 51
- Zertal, 2007, p. 126
- Ellenblum, 2003, p. 250
- Alain Epp Weaver, 'The crescent and the cross are the marks on my hands: The performance of Palestinian unity amid political fragmentation,' in Paul S Rowe, John H.A. Dyck, Jens Zimmermann (eds.) Christians and the Middle East Conflict, Routledge 2014 pp.137-151, p.138.
- Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol 3, Appendix 2, p. 130
- Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 229
- Irving, 2012, p. 248
- Barron, 1923, Table IX, Sub-district of Jenin, p. 29
- Barron, 1923, Table XV, p. 47
- Mills, 1932, p. 71
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 17
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 55
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 100
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 150
- Government of Jordan, Department of Statistics, 1964, p. 25 It was further noted (note 2) that it was governed through a village council.
- Government of Jordan, Department of Statistics, 1964, pp. 115-116
- Perlmann, Joel (November 2011 – February 2012). "The 1967 Census of the West Bank and Gaza Strip: A Digitized Version" (PDF). Levy Economics Institute. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
- 64% according to : "Zababdeh is one of the larger Villages with significant Christian populations in the north of the West Bank with 2,251 Christians out of 3,500 citizen."
- "Salt of the Earth: Palestinian Christians in the Northern West Bank". 13 March 2018. Retrieved 13 March 2018 – via www.imdb.com.
- "Welcome to Zababdeh". Ixelles.be. Retrieved 8 November 2013.
- Barron, J.B., ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922. Government of Palestine.
- Conder, C.R.; Kitchener, H.H. (1882). The Survey of Western Palestine: Memoirs of the Topography, Orography, Hydrography, and Archaeology. 2. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Ellenblum, Ronnie (2003). Frankish Rural Settlement in the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521521871. (p. 125)
- Government of Jordan, Department of Statistics (1964). First Census of Population and Housing. Volume I: Final Tables; General Characteristics of the Population (PDF).
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics (1945). Village Statistics, April, 1945.
- Hadawi, S. (1970). Village Statistics of 1945: A Classification of Land and Area ownership in Palestine. Palestine Liberation Organization Research Center.
- Irving, Sarah (2012). Palestine. Bradt Travel Guides.
- Mills, E., ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas. Jerusalem: Government of Palestine.
- Palmer, E.H. (1881). The Survey of Western Palestine: Arabic and English Name Lists Collected During the Survey by Lieutenants Conder and Kitchener, R. E. Transliterated and Explained by E.H. Palmer. Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Robinson, E.; Smith, E. (1841). Biblical Researches in Palestine, Mount Sinai and Arabia Petraea: A Journal of Travels in the year 1838. 3. Boston: Crocker & Brewster.
- Zertal, A. (2007). The Manasseh Hill Country Survey. 2. Boston: BRILL. ISBN 9004163697.