Zabbix

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Zabbix
Zabbix logo.png
Zabbix 3.0 dashboard
Zabbix 3.0 dashboard
Developer(s) Zabbix LLC
Initial release April 2001; 17 years ago (2001-04)
Stable release
3.4.12[1] / July 30, 2018; 19 days ago (2018-07-30)
Preview release
3.4.2rc1 / September 14, 2017; 10 months ago (2017-09-14)
Repository Edit this at Wikidata
Written in C (server, proxy, agent), PHP (frontend), Java (Java gateway)
Operating system Cross-platform
Type Network management system
License GNU General Public License version 2
Website www.zabbix.com

Zabbix is an open source monitoring software for networks, operating systems and applications, created in Latvia by Alexei Vladishev. It is designed to monitor and track the status of various network services, servers, and other network hardware.

Zabbix can use MySQL, MariaDB, PostgreSQL, SQLite, Oracle or IBM DB2 to store data.[2] Its backend is written in C and the web frontend is written in PHP. Zabbix offers several monitoring options:

  • Simple checks can verify the availability and responsiveness of standard services such as SMTP or HTTP without installing any software on the monitored host.
  • A Zabbix agent can also be installed on UNIX and Windows hosts to monitor statistics such as CPU load, network utilization, disk space, etc.
  • As an alternative to installing an agent on hosts, Zabbix includes support for monitoring via SNMP, TCP and ICMP checks, as well as over IPMI, JMX, SSH, Telnet and using custom parameters. Zabbix supports a variety of near-real-time notification mechanisms, including XMPP.

Released under the terms of GNU General Public License version 2, Zabbix is free software.

History[edit]

Zabbix started as an internal software project in 1998. After three years, in 2001, it was released to the public under GPL.[3], three years later until the first stable version, 1.0, was released in 2004.

Dashboard of the Zabbix 3.4.0 release, dark theme
Timeline of major releases
Date Release End of Full Support (3 years) End of Limited Support (5 years)
Zabbix 1.0
1998 Zabbix started as an internal project in a bank by Alexei Vladishev[3] - -
7 Apr 2001 Zabbix 1.0alpha1 is released as GPL[4] - -
23 Mar 2004 Zabbix 1.0 released[5] -
Zabbix 1.x
6 Feb 2006 Zabbix 1.1 released[5] - -
29 May 2007 Zabbix 1.4 released[5] - -
11 Sep 2008 Zabbix 1.6 released[5] - -
7 Dec 2009 Zabbix 1.8 released[5] - -
Zabbix 2.x
21 May 2012 Zabbix 2.0 Long Term Support (LTS) released[5] August, 2015 [6] August, 2017 [7]
12 Nov 2013 Zabbix 2.2 LTS released[5] August, 2017 [8] August, 2019 [9]
11 Sep 2014 Zabbix 2.4 released[5] - -
Zabbix 3.x
16 Feb 2016 Zabbix 3.0 LTS released[5] February, 2019 [10] February, 2021 [11]
14 Sep 2016 Zabbix 3.2 released[5] - -
22 Aug 2017 Zabbix 3.4 released[5] - -

Features[edit]

Architecture
  • High performance, high capacity (able to monitor hundreds of thousands of devices).
  • Auto-discovery of servers and network devices.
  • Low-level discovery.
  • Distributed monitoring with centralized web administration.
  • Native high performance agents (client software for Linux, Solaris, HP-UX, AIX, FreeBSD, OpenBSD, OS X, Tru64/OSF1, Windows 2000, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP, Windows Vista, Windows Server 2008, Windows 7)
  • SLA, and ITIL KPI metrics on reporting.
  • High-level (business) view of monitored resources through user-defined visual console screens and dashboards.
  • Remote command execution through Zabbix proxies since August 2017 [12], up to Zabbix 3.4[13]

Architecture

  • Agent-less monitoring.
  • Web-based interface.
  • Support for both polling and trapping mechanisms.

Monitoring

  • JMX monitoring.
  • Web monitoring.

Security and authentication

  • Audit log.
  • Secure user authentication.
  • Flexible user permissions.

Notification capabilities

  • Flexible e-mail notification on predefined events.
  • Near-real-time notification mechanisms, for example using including XMPP protocol

Development[edit]

Dashboard of the Zabbix 3.0.0 release
Zabbix 2.4 Dashboard page

Zabbix is primarily developed by a Zabbix LLC company.

Source code[edit]

Zabbix consists of several separate modules:

  • Zabbix Server, not supported in Windows[14]
  • Zabbix Agents
  • Zabbix Frontend
  • Zabbix Proxy, not supported in Windows[15]

While the server, proxy and agents are written in C, the frontend is implemented in PHP and Javascript, also a Java gateway, available since Zabbix 2.0, is written in Java.

Releases[edit]

Since the first stable version was released as 1.0, Zabbix versioning has used minor version numbers to denote major releases. Each minor release actually implements many new features, while change level releases mostly introduce bugfixes.

Zabbix version numbering scheme has changed over time. While the first two stable branches were 1.0 and 1.1, after 1.1 it was decided to use odd numbers for development versions and even numbers for stable versions. As a result, 1.3 followed 1.1 as a development release to be released as 1.4.

Timeline[edit]

Note: this chart excludes release candidates in stable branches.


See also[edit]

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]