Zabergan

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Zabergan (Greek: Ζαβεργάν) was the chieftain of the Kutrigurs, a nomadic people of the Pontic–Caspian steppe. His name is Iranian.[1] Either under pressure by incoming Avars,[2] or in revolt against Byzantine Empire, in the winter of 558, he led a large Kutrigur army who crossed frozen Danube, and was divided into three sections; one raided south far as Thermopylae, while two others the Thracian Chersonesus and the periphery of Constantinople.[3] In March 559 Zabergan attacked Constantinople, and one part of his forces consisted of 7,000 horsemen.[4]

The transit of such big distances in short period of time shows that the Kutrigurs were mounted warriors,[3] and Zabergan's raiders were already encamped near the banks of the Danube.[3] However, once again Emperor Justinian I (527–565) managed to persuade the Utigur chieftain Sandilch to attack the Kutrigurs, which resulted with decimation of one another.[2] It is unknown if is related to the general Zabergan who in 586 defended fortress Chlomaron against the Romans.[1]

Honours[edit]

Zabergan Peak in Antarctica is named after Zabergan.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Maenchen-Helfen 1973.
  2. ^ a b Golden 2011, p. 140; Golden 1992, p. 100
  3. ^ a b c Curta 2015, p. 77.
  4. ^ Golden 2011, p. 107.

Sources[edit]