Zachary Philip Fonnereau

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Zachary Philip Fonnereau (London, 31 January 1706 – 15 August 1778) was a British businessman and politician, the fourth son of the merchant Claude Fonnereau.

A London merchant, he was of Huguenot extraction.[1] He played a prominent role in financing the Seven Years' War.[2]

Fonnereau was returned as Member of Parliament for Aldeburgh at the 1747 election on the interest of his brother, Thomas Fonnereau,[3] who had developed an independent interest in the borough at the expense of the Government (which had formerly controlled it by patronage). However, Zachary consistently voted in support of Government when in Parliament.[3]

By his marriage to Margaret Martyn, he left five children, the two elder of whom both entered Parliament for Aldeburgh:

  • Philip Fonnereau (1739–1797)
  • Martyn Fonnereau (1741–1817)
  • Charlotte Fonnereau (28 January 1742 – 15 November 1806)
  • Fanny Fonnereau (7 January 1744 – 10 January 1827), married George Stainforth, Jr. on 22 March 1777 at Cornhill, died without issue
  • Thomas Fonnereau (21 January 1746 – 26 December 1788), married Harriet Hanson on 19 October 1786 and left issue


  1. ^ Namier, L.B. (October 1927). "Brice Fisher, M. P.: A Mid-Eighteenth-Century Merchant and His Connexions". The English Historical Review. 42 (168): 514–532. doi:10.1093/ehr/XLII.CLXVIII.514. JSTOR 552412. 
  2. ^ Browning, Reed (June 1971). "The Duke of Newcastle and the Financing of the Seven Years' War". The Journal of Economic History. 31 (2): 344–377. doi:10.1017/S0022050700090914. JSTOR 2117049. 
  3. ^ a b Sedgwick, Romney R. (1970). "FONNEREAU, Zachary Philip (1706-78), of Sise Lane, Bucklersbury, London.". In Sedgwick, Romney. The House of Commons 1715-1754. The History of Parliament Trust. 
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
William Conolly
Richard Plumer
Member of Parliament for Aldeburgh
With: William Windham 1747–1761
Philip Fonnereau 1761–1768
Nicholas Linwood 1768–1773
Thomas Fonnereau 1773–1774
Succeeded by
Thomas Fonnereau
Richard Combe