Sanctus Zadkiel, stained glass window at St Michael's Church, Brighton, England.
|Venerated in||Judaism, Anglicanism, Coptic Orthodoxy|
Zadkiel (Hebrew: צָדְקִיאֵל Tsadqiel, "Righteousness of God" or Hesediel Hebrew: חֶסֶדִיאֵל Chesediel, Coptic: ⲥⲉⲇⲁⲕⲓⲏⲗ Sedakiel "Grace of God") is the archangel of freedom, benevolence and mercy, and the Patron Angel of all who forgive, also known as Sachiel, Zedekiel, Zadakiel, Tzadkiel, and Zedekul. Rabbinical tradition considers him to be the angel of mercy.
In rabbinic writings Zadkiel belongs to the order of Hashmallim (equated with the Dominations or Dominions), and considered by some sources to be chief of that order (others sources name Hashmal or Zacharael). In Maseket Azilut Zadkiel/Hesediel is listed as co-chief with Gabriel of the order of Shinanim. As an angel of mercy, some texts claim that Zadkiel is the unnamed biblical Angel of the Lord who holds back Abraham to prevent the patriarch from sacrificing his son, and because of this is usually shown holding a dagger. Other texts cite Michael or Tadhiel or some other angel as the angel intended, while others interpret the Angel of the Lord as a theophany.
Zadkiel is one of two standard bearers (along with Jophiel) who follow directly behind Michael as the head archangel enters battle. Zadkiel is associated with the color violet. In iconography, he is often depicted holding a knife or dagger.
Archangel Zadkiel, stained-glass window at the Main Protestant Chapel in Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune, Jacksonville, North Carolina.
- Lewis & Oliver 2008, p. 388.
- Lewis & Oliver 2008, p. 304.
- Davidson 1967.
- Davidson, Gustav (1967). A dictionary of angels: including the fallen angels. Free Press. ISBN 9780029070505.
- Lewis, James R.; Oliver, Evelyn Dorothy (2008). Angels A to Z. Visible Ink Press. p. xviii. ISBN 9781578592579.
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