|Traditional region||Lower Carniola|
|Statistical region||Central Slovenia|
|Elevation||280 m (920 ft)|
Zadvor (pronounced [zaˈdʋɔɾ]; German: Saduor) is a formerly independent settlement in the southeast part of the capital Ljubljana in central Slovenia. It belongs to the City Municipality of Ljubljana. It was part of the traditional region of Lower Carniola and is now included with the rest of the municipality in the Central Slovenia Statistical Region. In addition to the main settlement, Zadvor consists of the hamlets of Križavka (also known as Križanke) to the southeast, near Saint Leonard's Church in Sostro, Žabja Vas (Slovene: Žabja vas) to the south below Zadvor Hill (Slovene: Zadvorski hrib), and Cegelnica next to that. In Žabja Vas there are two ponds in pits that were dug for the former brickworks at Cegelnica.
The name Zadvor is a fused prepositional phrase that has lost its case inflection, from za 'behind' + dvor 'manor'. The name thus literally means 'behind the manor'. The word dvor is a relatively common toponym element in Slovenia and, in addition to 'manor', may also refer to a farm with outbuildings, an estate, a (fenced-in) courtyard, or a barnyard, as well as a medieval agricultural estate comprising up to 40 farms. In this case, the name refers to a property owned by lesser nobility in the 11th and 12th centuries. The estate was later divided among the family members, who pursued farming. The settlement was known as Saduor in German.
Notable people that were born or lived in Zadvor include:
- Jože Moškrič a.k.a. "Ciril" (1902–1943), a Slovenian Partisan, proclaimed a People's Hero of Yugoslavia
- Tone Trtnik (1908–1942), a Slovenian Partisan, proclaimed a People's Hero of Yugoslavia
- Savnik, Roman, ed. 1971. Krajevni leksikon Slovenije, vol. 2. Ljubljana: Državna založba Slovenije, p. 369.
- Intelligenzblatt zur Laibacher Zeitung, no. 141. 24 November 1849, p. 20.
- Ljubljana municipal site
- Krajevni leksikon Dravske Banovine. 1937. Ljubljana: Zveza za tujski promet za Slovenijo, p. 341.
- Snoj, Marko. 2009. Etimološki slovar slovenskih zemljepisnih imen. Ljubljana: Modrijan and Založba ZRC, pp. 130–131.
- Spremembe naselij 1948–95. 1996. Database. Ljubljana: Geografski inštitut ZRC SAZU, DZS.
- Statistični urad Republike Slovenije