Zafar Ishaq Ansari
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Zafar Ishaq Ansari (Urdu: ﻇﻔﺮﺍﺳﺤﺎﻖ اﻧﺻﺎﺭﻯ) (born 27 December 1932) is a scholar of Islamic Studies. He is the Director General of the Islamic Research Institute of the International Islamic University. Previously, he has also been the President of the International Islamic University Islamabad. He has published a number of books and articles, and has spoken at international conferences on Islamic Studies and inter-religious dialogue.
Education and early life
Zafar Ishaq Ansari belongs to a family of scholars. His late father Maulana Zafar Ahmed Ansari was also a very famous and respectable scholar of Islamic Studies and was also elected to the National Assembly of Pakistan during the 1970s.
Dr. Ansari obtained his M.A. and PhD from the Institute of Islamic Studies, McGill University, Montreal, Canada in 1966. His main thesis for his PhD program was titled “The Early Development of Fiqh in Kufah with special reference to the works of Abu Yusuf and Shaybani”. He studied at University of Karachi before going to Canada for his higher studies.He was also associated with Islami Jamiat-e-Talaba.
Dr. Ansari has a flair for languages as well. While he is proficient and fluent in English, Urdu (his native language) and Arabic, he has a good command over Persian, French and German as well.
Dr. Ansari started his teaching career as a visiting lecturer at Department of Oriental Studies, Princeton University, NJ, USA in 1966. Since then, he has been professor Islamic Studies and History at many reputable universities including King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah (1967–70), University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia (1970–86), University of Melbourne, Australia (1976 – visiting), McGill University Montreal, Canada (1976–1977), University of Chicago, Chicago (Summer 1979), Faculty of Shari‘ah and Law, International Islamic University, Islamabad, Pakistan (1986–88) and Director General, Shariah Academy, International Islamic University (1987–1988).
Since 1988, Dr. Ansari has been Director General, Islamic Research Institute, International Islamic University, Islamabad.
He is the editor of the quarterly journal Islamic Studies" and is a member of the editorial board of Journal of Islamic Studies, American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences, Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs, Journal of Qur'anic Studies and Studies in Contemporary Islam.
He is also a member of the international scientific committee appointed by UNESCO for the academic supervision of its 6-volume series on various aspects of Islamic Culture, and co-editor of its first volume, The Foundations of Islam.
He has contributed a large number of research articles to journals of international repute and to Encyclopædia Britannica and Encyclopaedia of Religions. He is currently editing and translating Sayyid Abul ‘Ala Mawdudi’s Tafhim al-Qur’an under the title Towards Understanding of the Qur’an (Islamic Foundation, Leicester); so far nine volumes have been published.
Dr. Ansari has authored a number of books and articles on history, religion, law, Qur’an, Hadith and other religious and social sciences.
Some of his books and articles that have been published are as follows:
- "'Islamic Perspectives: Studies in Honour of Sayyid Abul A‘la Mawdudi , edited by K. Ahmad and Z.I. Ansari, Leicester, UK, 1979.
- Living Religions of the World: A Socio-Political Study, A. Al-Masdousi, translated into English (Karachi, 1962).
- Towards Understanding the Qur'an, vols. 1–7, English rendering of Sayyid Abu A`la Mawdudi, Tafhim al-Qur'an (Leicester, 1988–2001). (Seven volumes have been published so far and the rest are in process of preparation and publication).
- Towards Understanding the Qur'an Abridged Version (Leicester: 2006).
- “Muslims and the West: Encounter” (Islamabad and Washington DC; 2001), Edited, in collaboration with John L. Esposito,.
- “Taftazani’s Views on Taklif, Jabr and Qadar”: A Note on the Development of Islamic Theology Arabica, Tome XVI, fasc. 1 (Leiden, 1969), pp. 65–78; and Tome XVII, fasc. 3 (1970), pp. 309–311.
- “Early Islamic Juristic Terminology”, Arabica, Tome XIX (Leiden, 1972), pp. 255–300.
- “Some Reflections on the Qur’anic Legal Verses”, Hamdard Islamicus, vol. IV, no. 2 (Summer 1981), pp. 13–29.
- ”Towards Understanding the Qur’an”, (Leicester: The Islamic Foundation, 1988–2001), vols. 1–7. (Translated and edited)
- “The Authenticity of Traditions: A Critique of Joseph Schacht’s Argument e Silentio”, Hamdard Islamicus, vol.VII, no. 2 (Summer 1984), pp. 51–56.
- “An Early Discussion on Islamic Jurisprudence: Some Notes on al-Radd ‘al-Siyar al-Awza‘i ”, a chapter in Islamic Perspectives: Studies in Honour of Sayyid Abul A‘la Mawdudi (Leicester, U.K. 1979), pp. 147–167.
- “Contemporary Islam and Nationalism: A Case Study of Egypt”, Die Welt des Islams, N.S. vol. VII, nr. 1-4 (Leiden, 1961), pp. 3–38.
- “Islam and Nationalism in Egypt—The Earlier Developments”, Pakistan Horizon, vol. XII (1959), pp. 230–247.
- “Egyptian Nationalism vis-á-vis Islam”, Pakistan Horizon, vol. XIII (1960), pp. 21–47.
- “The Sanusi Movement”, Proceedings of the First International Conference of the Historians of Asia (The Philippines, Historical Association, 1962), pp. 129–152.
- “Some Reflections on Islamic Bases for Dialogue with Jews and Christians”, Journal of Ecumenical Studies, vol. 14 (1977), pp. 433–447.
- “Sayyid Abul A‘la Mawdudi: An Introduction to his Vision of Islam and Islamic Revival”, in collaboration with K. Ahmad, a chapter in Islamic Perspectives, op. cit., pp. 359–383.
- “Non-Muslims in the Ottoman Empire”, Iqbal (Lahore, October 1962).
- “Al-Ghazali and Islamic Government”, Voice of Islam, vol. VII (Karachi, 1959).
- “Iqbal and Nationalism”, Iqbal Review, vol. II (Karachi, 1961), pp. 51–89.
- “Shah Wali Allah and Fiqhi Disagreements”, Iqbal (Lahore, January 1967), pp. 44–52.
- “Ummah in the Qur’an”, Islamic Education (Lahore, 1969).
- “The National Socialism of the Arab Ba‘th Socialist Party”, Chiragh-i Rah (Karachi, December 1967), pp. 375–392. (In Urdu).
- “Abu Hanifah”, Encyclopædia Britannica, rev. edition, 1974.
- “Al-Muslimun wa al-øa÷òrah al-hadithah”, in al-Wa`y al-Islami (Kuwait, November 1968). (In Arabic).
- “Truth, Revelation and Obedience”, Christian-Muslim Dialogue: Papers from Broumana, 1972 (Geneva, 1973), pp. 80–86.
- “Aspects of Black Muslim Theology”, Studia Islamica, Fasciculo LIII (1981), pp. 137–176.
- “Muslims in the South Pacific: A Study of the Muslim Communities in Australia, New Zealand and Fiji”.
- “The Historical Background of the Contemporary Islamic Renaissance”, The Proceedings of the Annual Convention of the Muslim Students’ Association of America and Canada, Bloomington, Indiana, May 1977 in Al-Attihad: A Quarterly of Islamic Studies, vol. 15, no. 4 (October 1979), pp. 7–13.
- “Philosophy of Water Reuse in Islamic Perspective”, with S. Farooq, Desalination, vol. 39 (1981), pp. 273–281.
- “Islamic Studies in Universities: A Critical Evaluation,” Muslim Education Quarterly, vol. I, no. 2 (Winter 1984), pp. 13–38.
- “The Religious Doctrines of the Black Muslims of America, 1934–74”, Islamic Order, vol. 7, no. 2 (1985), pp. 17–47.
- “W. D. Muhammad: The Making of a “Black Muslim” Leader, (1933–1961)”, American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences, vol. 2, no. 2 (1985), pp. 245–262.
- “Hijrah in the Islamic Tradition” in E. Anderson and N.H. Dupree, eds., The Cultural Basis of Afghan Nationalism (London, Pinter,1990), pp. 3–20.
- “The Significance of Shafi‘i’s Criticism of the Medinese Jurists”, Islamic Studies, vol. 30, no. 4 (Winter 1991), pp. 485–499.
- “The Contribution of the Qur’an and the Prophet to the Development of Islamic Fiqh”, Journal of Islamic Studies, vol. 3, no. 2 (July 1992), pp. 141–171.
- “Sawm” and “Abu Hanifah”, articles in The Encyclopedia of Religions.
- “Scientific Exegesis of the Qur’an”, Journal of Qur'anic Studies, vol. 3:1 (2001), pp. 90–104.
- Member, Editorial Committee, UNESCO sponsored 6-volume series on Various Aspects of Islamic Culture and editor of volume I entitled Foundations of Islam.
- Member, Academic Council, Center for Muslim-Christian Understanding, Georgetown University, Washington DC (1993 --)
- Member, Board of Editorial Advisers, American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences (1992--- ).
- Fellow, North American Association for Middle East Studies, Tucson, Arizona, USA.
- Consulting Editor, Journal of Islamic Studies (Oxford) (1993--- ).
- Member, Editorial Advisory Board, Hamdard Islamicus (1991--- ).
- Member, Editorial Advisory Board, Journal of Qur'anic Studies, (London: 1999 __).
- Fellow, Association of Muslim Social Scientists, USA.
- Member, Board of Advisers, Islamic Foundation, Leicester, U.K.
- Academic Adviser, International Institute of Islamic Thought in Pakistan (1987 ).
- Member Joint Advisory Board, Centre for Islamic Studies, University of Wales, Lampeter, U.K. (1991–1994).
- Editor, Islamic Studies, Islamabad (1989 --- ).
- Corresponding Member, Royal Jordanian Academy for Research on Islamic Civilization, Amman, Jordan (1993 --- ).
- Member, Core Advisory Group, Bait al-Hikmah Research Centre, Madinat al-Hikmah, Karachi.
- Member, Editorial Board, Intellectual Discourse, Journal of the International Islamic University, Malaysia (1993 --- ).
- Member Editorial Board, Journal: Institute of Muslim Minority Affairs (1995 ---).
- Member, Editorial Advisory Board, Studies in Contemporary Islam (1999---).
- Corresponding Member, Shibli Academy, Darul Musannifin, Azamgarh, India (1995--- ).
- Member, Academic Advisory Board, Graduate School of Islamic and Social Sciences, Ashburn, Virginia, USA.
- Member, Editorial Board, al-Tajdid, International Islamic University, Malaysia.
- Member, Council of Islamic Ideology, Pakistan (February 1997 – February 2000).
- Chairman, Commission on Islamization of Education, Government of Pakistan (1998–2005).
- Member, Council of Social Sciences Pakistan
- Islamic Studies
- Editorial Committee
- See http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0021-9118(198005)39%3A3%3C620%3AIPSIHO%3E2.0.CO%3B2-7 for review citation of the book