Zafarraya

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Zafarraya
Municipality
Coat of arms of Zafarraya
Coat of arms
Location of Zafarraya
Location of Zafarraya
Zafarraya is located in Spain
Zafarraya
Zafarraya
Location in Spain
Coordinates: 36°58′N 4°8′W / 36.967°N 4.133°W / 36.967; -4.133Coordinates: 36°58′N 4°8′W / 36.967°N 4.133°W / 36.967; -4.133
Country  Spain
Autonomous community  Andalusia
Province Granada
Comarca Alhama
Judicial district Loja
Government
 • Alcalde José Miguel Muñoz Ortigosa (2007) (PSOE)
Area
 • Total 58 km2 (22 sq mi)
Elevation 893 m (2,930 ft)
Population (2009)
 • Total 2,112
 • Density 36/km2 (94/sq mi)
Demonym Zafarrayero, -a
Choceño, -a
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 18128
Official language(s) Spanish
Website Official website

Zafarraya is a municipality in the province of Granada, Spain, with a population of 2,200 (2003).

Zafarraya is known for a Neanderthal mandible found in a cave (Cueva del Boquete) in 1983 by Cecilio Barroso and Paqui Medina. The mandible has been dated to 30,000 years Before Present (BP), and at the time represented the youngest-known Neanderthal remains.[1][2] Near the mandible, Mousterian tools dated to 27,000 years BP were found. The find was one of the first pieces of definite evidence showing that the presence of Neanderthals and modern humans overlapped in Europe for a significant period.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Hublin J.J., Barroso Ruiz C., Medina Lara P., Fontugne M., Reyss J.-L., 1995 - The Mousterian site of Zafarraya (Granada, Spain): dating and implications on the palaeolithic peopling processes of Western Europe. C. R. Acad. Sc. Paris. 321 (IIa): 931-937
  2. ^ Hublin J.-J et E.Trinkaus, 1998 - The Mousterian human remains from Zafarraya (Granada, Spain). American Journal of Physical Anthropology suppl 26 : 122-123