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Zagir Ismagilov Garipovich (Russian: Исмагилов Загир Гарипович ; Bashkir: Исмәғилев Заһир Ғарип улы; 1916/1917 — 2003) was a Russian Bashkir composer and educator. He was granted the title People's Artist of the USSR in 1982, and was a member of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union since 1943. The performing arts center in Ufa, Russia is named after him.
The son of a woodcutter, the composer was born December 26, 1918 (January 8, 1917) in the village of Verkhne-Sermenevo (now known as Sermenevo, in the Beloretsky District of Bashkortostan, Russia). Garipovich had three brothers and a sister, who died in 1921 of typhoid fever.
Garipovich studied in the Bashkir seven-year school in the village of Nijne-Sermenevo. From the beginning of his studies, the future composer was interested in the native folk music of the Bashkir people, and learned to play the quray. In 1932 he went to study at the Inzer wood-chemical school. He graduated early and began working in Beloretsk lespromhoz appraiser. In 1935, Arslan Mubaryakov invited him to take part in the Bashkir Academic Drama Theatre, Ufa, where he played in the evenings as a quray player. During the days he studied at the music studio, which opened in Ufa (1936). In 1937, Garipovich went to study at the studio of the Bashkir Moscow Conservatory.
During World War II he worked in Ufa, was part of concerts given for front-line troops, and composed patriotic songs. After the war, he finished training in the studio in 1948, then became part of the music composition faculty at the Moscow Conservatory.
Garipovich became chairman of the Union of Composers of the Bashkir Republic in 1958. And in 1968 he was the founder and first rector of the UFA Institute of Arts, where he remained until 1988. He was a deputy of the Supreme Soviet of Bashkortostan for many years, and was eventually elected its Chairman.
The composer's works were performed in Russia, the republics of the former National Union (now CIS) and internationally (Bulgaria, China, Romania, North Korea, Yugoslavia, and Ethiopia). Additionally, they were published and recorded by the record production company, "Melodiya", and are available in the stock records of Bashkir radio and TV.
Garipovich contributed to the development of national opera, chamber vocal, choral and instrumental music in the Soviet Union. His work expresses the ideological themes of working in harmony, friendship and love, and reflects the civil-patriotic, national creative ideal. The composer developed the tradition of classical Russian music culture, their history and musical-dramatic concepts. Garipovich's work has had a national historic theme, with strong influence from his Bashkir heritage. His opera Salawat Yulayev tells the story of a national hero, while the epic opera The Ambassadors of the Urals, deals with the reunification of the Russian Bashkir, and Kahym-Turea tells the story of a military commander who led the Bashkirs against Napoleon in 1812. The opera Akmulla is based on the life of the Bashkir poet and educator of the 19th century. Ismagilov's works ranges from operas like Shaura and Waves Agideli, to musical comedies such as Codasil and Almakan.
After a long illness, he died in Paris in 2003.
- Salavat Yulaev Award
- The Order of Lenin
- Red Banner of Labor
- Badge of Honor
- Badge of Friendship
- "Zagir Garipovič Ismagilov" (machine translation). Educational Institutions. Retrieved March 12, 2014.
- "Monument to Composer". memorysensory.com. Retrieved March 12, 2014.
- "Ismagilov, Zagir Garipovich". RussianComposers.org. Retrieved March 12, 2014.
- "Zagir Garipovič Ismagilov". Vipufa.ru. Retrieved March 12, 2014.
- Bashkir State Opera and Ballet Theatre (2004). Салават Юлаев. Retrieved 17 September 2013 (Russian).