Zagreb Airport

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Franjo Tuđman Airport Zagreb

Međunarodna zračna luka Franjo Tuđman Zagreb
Zagrebinternationalairportlogo.png
Zagreb Airport New Terminal.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic/Military
OperatorMZLZ d.d., Aéroports de Paris
ServesZagreb, Croatia
LocationVelika Gorica
Hub for
Elevation AMSL353 ft / 108 m
Coordinates45°44′35″N 016°04′08″E / 45.74306°N 16.06889°E / 45.74306; 16.06889Coordinates: 45°44′35″N 016°04′08″E / 45.74306°N 16.06889°E / 45.74306; 16.06889
Websitezagreb-airport.hr
Map
LDZA is located in Croatia
LDZA
LDZA
Location in Croatia
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
05/23 3,252 10,669 Concrete/Asphalt
Statistics (2017)
Number of Passengers3,366,310Increase 7,9%
Aircraft movements43,688 Increase 5,0%
revenue€174.9 million[1] Increase 2.1%
net income€5.12 million[1] Increase 312%
number of employees743 directly + 305 indirectly Increase 0.5%[2]
Economic impact€0.7 billion
Assets€537 million[3]

Zagreb Airport (IATA: ZAG, ICAO: LDZA) is the largest and busiest international airport in Croatia. In 2018 it handled around 3.4 million passengers and some 13,500 tons of cargo.

Named after Franjo Tuđman, the first President of Croatia, the airport is located some 10 km (6.2 mi) south-east of Zagreb Central Station[4] in Velika Gorica. It is the hub of the Croatian flag carrier Croatia Airlines and a focus city for Trade Air. The main base of the Croatian Air Force is also located at the airport´s premises. Moreover the Croatian Air Traffic Control has its administratration situated on the grounds of the airport.

The airport was awarded to the ZAIC consortium (Zagreb Airport International Company) in a 30-year concession under the terms of a contract signed by the Government of Croatia with the aforementioned. The contract includes the financing, designing and construction of a new passenger terminal which was completed in March 2017. For the purpose of managing the airport ZAIC registered a company called MZLZ d.d. (Međunarodna zračna luka Zagreb d.d.) that is now the operator of the Airport.

History[edit]

The history of Zagreb civil aviation began in 1909 when the first airfield was built close to the western city neighbourhood (city district) of Črnomerec.[citation needed]

With the creation of the first Yugoslav flag carrier Aeroput in 1927 the airport was relocated to the Borongaj airfield in 1928 which began serving the ever-growing number of passengers on 15 February of that year.[citation needed] Although several European airliners connected the city it was mostly Aeroput which connected Zagreb to major destinations across Europe and thus significantly increased traffic at Zagreb in the period preceding the Second World War.

Following Word War II commercial services were moved to a former military airbase near the village of Lučko south-west of the city in 1947. JAT Yugoslav Airlines took the role of Aeroput and made Zagreb its second hub. At its peak in 1959 Lučko served 167,000 passengers.

The new terminal

The current location of the airport at Pleso in the south-east of Lučko opened in 1962 with a 2,500 m (8,200 ft) long runway and 1,000 m2 (11,000 sq ft) terminal. By 1966 Zagreb Airport got a new 5,000 m2 (54,000 sq ft) state-of-the-art passenger terminal. The runway capacity was lengthened to its current 3,252 m (10,669 ft) in 1974.

In the 1980s Zagreb Airport was the second largest in Yugoslavia by passenger and aircraft movements. Yugoslav flag-carrier JAT maintained a hub in Zagreb and connected the city to numerous destinations including New York, Chicago, Toronto which inevitably had a major impact on air traffic at Zagreb during that period.

Following an increase in passenger numbers and the necessity to upgrade its infrastructure the airport installed a CAT-IIIb instrument landing system (ILS) in 2004.

In 2008 a new VIP terminal was added and the terminal extended for extra amenities, restaurants and bars. The terminal was expanded to 15,500 m2 (167,000 sq ft)[5]

By 2010 the old terminal has been nearing its maximum annual capacity. That year the passenger terminal received a major face lift in the course of which a viewing platform with a bar was added.

On 12 April 2012 the ZAIC (Aeroports de Paris) consortium received a 30-year concession for the airport from the Government of Croatia. The concession includes financing, designing and constructing a new passenger terminal. The construction of a brand new 70,000 m2 (750,000 sq ft) terminal facility designed by Neidhardt architects of Zagreb and carried out by Bouygues Bâtiment International in partnership with Viadukt began on 18 December 2013 with the aim to replace the old terminal. It now has an initial annual capacity of 5.5 million passengers in the first phase and was officially completed in October 2016. The official inauguration of the terminal was on 28 March 2017. ZAIC now operates the entire airport for 30 years including the runways, the current passenger terminal, the cargo terminal, car parks and all future property developments. The concession contract involves a total investment of around €324m (£259m): €236 million for the design and construction of the new terminal and €88 million for operation of all airport infrastructure for the entire period of the concession.[6]

Terminal[edit]

Departures area

The current terminal building was opened to the public on 28 March 2017.[7][not in citation given] It stretches over 65,800 m2 (708,000 sq ft) on three levels featuring three baggage carousels, 8 air bridges, 9 security checkpoints, 30 check-in desks, 23 passport control booths and a car park with the capacity of 1,100 vehicles. Furthermore, the new apron has three remote stands next to the terminal, while 23 stands at the old passenger building are also used during the peak season. Each of the aircraft parking positions at the facility includes a visual docking guidance system which gives information to a pilot on how to park their aircraft. The terminal itself features a large 600 square metre duty-free shop operated by Aelia, 16 cafés, bars, restaurants and snack bars.

Enough space has been left for 30 additional check-in counters and 2 baggage carousels to be added once the new terminal reaches its current maximum capacity of 5 million passengers. Further extensions envisaged along the thirty-year concession period will potentially see expanding current apron from present 100,000 to 300,000 m2 (1,100,000 to 3,200,000 sq ft) and terminal capacity increased to 8 million through gradual expansion of the terminal in four Phase 2 expansions.[8][unreliable source?][9][10]

Scheduled airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
Aegean Airlines Athens[11]
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo
Air Canada Rouge Seasonal: Toronto–Pearson[12]
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Air Serbia Belgrade
Air Transat Seasonal: Toronto–Pearson
Austrian Airlines Vienna
British Airways London–Heathrow
Brussels Airlines Seasonal: Brussels
Croatia Airlines Amsterdam, Barcelona, Brussels, Copenhagen, Dublin, Dubrovnik, Frankfurt, Lisbon, London–Heathrow, Mostar,[13] Munich, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Pula, Rome–Fiumicino, Sarajevo, Skopje, Split, Vienna, Zadar, Zurich
Seasonal: Athens, Bucharest, Brač, Helsinki, Milan–Malpensa, Oslo–Gardermoen, Prague, Saint Petersburg, Stockholm–Arlanda, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion
Czech Airlines Prague
Emirates Dubai–International[14]
Eurowings Berlin–Tegel, Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Stuttgart
flydubai Seasonal: Dubai–International[15]
Iberia Madrid
KLM Amsterdam
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon[16]
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw–Chopin
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Norwegian Air Shuttle Seasonal: Copenhagen
Qatar Airways Doha
Silver Air Seasonal: Lošinj[17]
Sun d'Or Seasonal: Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion
Swiss International Air Lines Seasonal: Zurich
Trade Air Osijek
Turkish Airlines Istanbul–Atatürk (ends 4 April 2019), Istanbul (begins 5 April 2019)[18]
Vueling Seasonal: Barcelona

Cargo[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
DHL Aviation Bologna, Cologne/Bonn, Leipzig, Milan, Ostrava, Venice
MNG Airlines Istanbul–Atatürk, Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Qatar Airways Cargo Doha

Ground transportation[edit]

Public transportation[edit]

ZAG can be reached from the city centre by scheduled local bus services (No.290) operated by ZET[19] or scheduled coach services operated by Croatia Airlines´ subsidiary Pleso Prijevoz.

Statistics[edit]

Graph of passenger traffic[edit]

See source Wikidata query.

Traffic[edit]

Traffic at Zagreb Airport[20]
Year Passengers Passenger %
Change
Aircraft Movements Aircraft Movements%
Change
Cargo (tonnes) Cargo %
Change
2000 1,149,830 n/a n/a n/a 7,388 n/a
2001 1,185,471 3.10Increase n/a n/a 7,791 5.45Increase
2002 1,203,436 1.52Increase n/a n/a 7,347 5.70Decrease
2003 1,314,652 9.24Increase n/a n/a 8,608 17.16Increase
2004 1,408,206 7.12Increase n/a n/a 8,899 3.38Increase
2005 1,551,519 10.18Increase 37,484 n/a 12,492 40.38Increase
2006 1,728,414 11.40Increase 40,884 9.07Increase 10,393 16.80Decrease
2007 1,992,455 15.28Increase 43,250 5.79Increase 12,564 20.89Increase
2008 2,192,453 10.04Increase 44,542 2.99Increase 12,697 1.06Increase
2009 2,062,242 5.94 Decrease 40,684 8.66Decrease 10,065 20.73Decrease
2010 2,071,561 0.45 Increase 39,812 2.14Decrease 8,156 18.97Decrease
2011 2,319,098 11.95Increase 42,360 6.40Increase 8,012 1.77Decrease
2012 2,342,309 1.00Increase 39,084 7.80Decrease 8,133 1.51Increase
2013 2,300,231 1.80Decrease 36,874 5.58Decrease 7,699 5.34Decrease
2014 2,430,971 5.68Increase 38,348 4.00Increase 8,855 15.01Increase
2015 2,587,798 6.45Increase 39,854 3.93Increase 9,225 4.18Increase
2016 2,766,087 6.89Increase 40,796 2.36Increase 10,074 9.20Increase
2017 3,092,047 11.78Increase 41,585 1.93Increase 11,719 11.75Increase
2018 3,336,310 7.89Increase 43,688 5,06Increase 13,676 16.71Increase
Traffic at Zagreb Airport in 2018/2019 by month[20]
Month Passengers 2018 Passengers 2019 Passenger %
Change
Aircraft Movements 2018 Aircraft Movements 2019 Aircraft Movements %
Change
Cargo (tonnes) 2018 Cargo (tonnes) 2019 Cargo %
Change
January 191,276 191,197 0.04Decrease 3,039 3,045 0.19Increase 946 924 2.38Decrease
February 170,658 181.154 6.15Increase 2,692 2.826 4.98Increase 993
March 223,642 3,143 1,109
April 253,843 3,384 1,211
May 300,676 4,023 1,081
June 331.533 4,124 1,111
July 379,193 4,461 1,297
August 372,590 4,393 1,138
September 345,770 4,176 1,240
October 318,074 3,970 1.220
November 234.075 3.223 1.228
December 214.865 3.060 1.208

Busiest routes[edit]

Busiest routes at Zagreb Airport
City Airport(s) Weekly Departures
(Summer 2018)
Airlines
Germany Frankfurt Frankfurt Airport 35 Croatia Airlines, Lufthansa
Croatia Dubrovnik Dubrovnik Airport 34 Croatia Airlines
Austria Vienna Schwechat Airport 33 Austrian Airlines, Croatia Airlines
Croatia Split Split Airport 33 Croatia Airlines
Germany Munich Franz Josef Strauss Airport 28 Croatia Airlines, Lufthansa
Switzerland Zürich Zürich Airport 17 Croatia Airlines, Swiss Air Lines
Belgium Brussels Brussels Airport 16 Brussels Airlines, Croatia Airlines
France Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport 14 Air France, Croatia Airlines
Netherlands Amsterdam Schiphol Airport 14 Croatia Airlines, KLM
Qatar Doha Hamad International Airport 14 Qatar Airways
Turkey Istanbul Atatürk Airport 14 Turkish Airlines
Spain Madrid Adolfo Suárez Madrid–Barajas Airport 14 Iberia
Poland Warsaw Warsaw Chopin Airport 14 LOT Polish Airlines
Bosnia and Herzegovina Sarajevo Sarajevo Airport 13 Croatia Airlines
Croatia Zadar Zadar Airport 13 Croatia Airlines
Croatia Pula Pula Airport 13 Croatia Airlines (via Zadar)
United Kingdom London Heathrow Airport 12 British Airways, Croatia Airlines
Republic of Macedonia Skopje Skopje International Airport 12 Croatia Airlines
Serbia Belgrade Belgrade Nikola Tesla Airport 12 Air Serbia
Czech Republic Prague Václav Havel Airport 11 Croatia Airlines, Czech Airlines
Greece Athens Athens International Airport 10 Aegean Airlines, Croatia Airlines (via Dubrovnik 6 times per week)
Denmark Copenhagen Copenhagen Airport 9 Croatia Airlines, Norwegian Air Shuttle
Italy Rome Leonardo da Vinci–Fiumicino Airport 9 Croatia Airlines (via Dubrovnik twice weekly and Split 6 times per week)
United Arab Emirates Dubai Dubai International Airport 7 Emirates, flydubai
Russia Moscow Sheremetyevo International Airport 7 Aeroflot
Source: Zagreb Airport[21]

Busiest airlines[edit]

Rank Carrier Passengers 2017 Passengers %
1 Croatia Croatia Airlines 1,608,502 52.00
2 Germany Lufthansa 253,843 8.21
3 Turkey Turkish Airlines 141,844 4.35
4 Germany Eurowings 135,720 4.30
5 Qatar Qatar Airways 127,218 4.2
6 Austria Austrian Airlines 105,525 3.29
7 United Arab Emirates Emirates 98,442 3.18
8 United Kingdom British Airways 71,347 2.31
9 Netherlands KLM 58,435 1.89
10 France Air France 58,240 1.88
- All others 442,119 14.00
Source: Zagreb Airport[21]
Rank Carrier Weekly departures
(Summer 2017)
Number of
destinations
1 Croatia Croatia Airlines 277 32
2 Germany Lufthansa 28 2
3 Austria Austrian Airlines 20 1
4 Germany Eurowings 18 5
5 Turkey Turkish Airlines 14 1
5 Qatar Qatar Airlines 14 1
5 Spain Iberia 14 1
5 Poland LOT Polish Airlines 14 1
9 Serbia Air Serbia 12 1
10 United Kingdom British Airways 10 1
11 United Arab Emirates Emirates 7 1
11 France Air France 7 1
11 Russia Aeroflot 7 1
11 Czech Republic Czech Airlines 7 1
11 Netherlands KLM Royal Dutch Airlines 7 1
Source: Zagreb Airport[21]
Busiest routes at Zagreb Airport in 2017
Rank Destination Departing passengers Operating airlines
1 Germany Frankfurt Airport 321,907 Croatia Airlines, Lufthansa
2 Croatia Dubrovnik Airport 268,173 Croatia Airlines
3 Croatia Split Airport 201,065 Croatia Airlines
4 Germany Munich 191,990 Croatia Airlines, Lufthansa
5 Netherlands Amsterdam 167,469 Croatia Airlines, KLM
6 United Kingdom London–Heathrow 164,426 British Airways, Croatia Airlines
7 Austria Vienna 164,108 Austrian Airlines, Croatia Airlines
8 France Paris–Charles de Gaulle 151,505 Air France, Croatia Airlines
9 Turkey Istanbul–Atatürk 141,844 Turkish Airlines
10 Qatar Hamad International Airport 127,218 Qatar Airways
12 Belgium Brussels Airport 118,675 Brussels Airlines, Croatia Airlines
12 Switzerland Zurich 110,912 Croatia Airlines, Swiss International Air Lines
13 United Arab Emirates Dubai 98,301 Emirates
14 Denmark Copenhagen Airport 79,541 Croatia Airlines, Norwegian Air Shuttle
15 Germany Cologne Bonn Airport 68,750 Eurowings
Source: Zagreb Airport[21]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Bohtinski, Josip (24 June 2017). "Sedam zračnih luka zaradilo je lani čak 215,5 milijuna kuna". Večernji list (in Croatian). Retrieved 21 August 2018.
  2. ^ "ZRAČNA LUKA ZAGREB, d.o.o." prosjecna-placa.info. Archived from the original on 28 April 2018. Retrieved 21 August 2018.
  3. ^ "Međunarodna zračna luka Zagreb d.d." prosjecna-placa.info. Archived from the original on 28 April 2018. Retrieved 21 August 2018.
  4. ^ a b "EUROCONTROL – The European AIS Database: Introduction to EAD Basic – Home". Retrieved 3 June 2015.
  5. ^ "Međunarodna zračna luka Zagreb – Zagreb International Airport – Naslovna". Archived from the original on 8 April 2015. Retrieved 3 June 2015.
  6. ^ Vlada Republika Hrvatska Potpisan Ugovor O Koncesiji za izgradnju Archived 1 July 2012 at the Wayback Machine (In Croatian) 11 April 2012
  7. ^ http://hrcak.srce.hr/file/126124
  8. ^ "Nešto o pregovorima s Francuzima, Nizozemskoj bolesti i gospodinu Petitu, bacanju papira i vremenu od travnja 2012. godine do prosinca 2013. godine. - Siniša Hajdaš Dončić". Siniša Hajdaš Dončić (in Croatian). 18 March 2017. Retrieved 21 August 2018.
  9. ^ "Grand opening of the new passenger terminal of Franjo Tuđman Airport". Zagreb Airport. Retrieved 21 August 2018.
  10. ^ "Zagreb International Airport's New Terminal - Airport Technology". Airport Technology. Retrieved 21 August 2018.
  11. ^ "Aegean Airlines outlines new Athens routes in S18". Routesonline. Retrieved 2017-10-10.
  12. ^ "Air Canada Expands its Global Network". Air Canada. Retrieved 2017-09-28.
  13. ^ "Croatia Airlines plans Mostar service resumption in May 2018". Routesonline. 2 February 2018. Retrieved 23 February 2018.
  14. ^ "Emirates to Launch Daily Flights to Croatia". emirates.com. Retrieved 12 January 2017.
  15. ^ "Emirates and flydubai come together to offer customers seamless travel options to Zagreb this winter". emirates.com. Retrieved 23 July 2018.
  16. ^ "Korean Air schedules Zagreb regular service in Sep/Oct 2018". Routesonline. Retrieved 2018-05-30.
  17. ^ "Flights to the Croatian Island of Losinj". SilverAirTravels. Retrieved 2018-03-05.
  18. ^ "Istanbul New Airport Transition Delayed Until April 5, 2019 (At The Earliest)".
  19. ^ "How to get from Zagreb Airport". Retrieved 15 March 2018.
  20. ^ a b "Statistics – Naslovna". MZLZ. Retrieved 3 March 2019.
  21. ^ a b c d "Međunarodna zračna luka Zagreb | Zagreb International Airport – Naslovna". Zagreb-airport.hr. Retrieved 20 May 2016.

External links[edit]

Media related to Zagreb Airport at Wikimedia Commons