Zagreb Airport

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Franjo Tuđman Airport
Zračna luka Zagreb
Zagrebinternationalairportlogo.png
Zagreb Airport (aerial).JPG
IATA: ZAGICAO: LDZA
Summary
Airport type Public/Military
Operator MZLZ d.d., Aéroports de Paris
Serves Zagreb, Croatia
Location Velika Gorica
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 353 ft / 108 m
Coordinates 45°44′35″N 016°04′08″E / 45.74306°N 16.06889°E / 45.74306; 16.06889Coordinates: 45°44′35″N 016°04′08″E / 45.74306°N 16.06889°E / 45.74306; 16.06889
Website Official website of operator
Map
LDZA is located in Croatia
LDZA
LDZA
Location in Croatia
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
05/23 3,252 10,669 Concrete/Asphalt
Statistics (2015)
Number of Passengers 2,587,798 Increase 6,5%
Aircraft movements 39,854 Increase 3,9%

Zagreb Airport IATA: ZAGICAO: LDZA) is the largest and busiest international airport in Croatia. Terminal 2, currently under construction of Zagreb airport was named after Franjo Tuđman, the former president of Croatia. It is also known as Pleso Airport.

The airport is located 10 km (6.2 mi) southeast from Zagreb Central Station[1] at Velika Gorica. It is the hub for the Croatian flag carrier Croatia Airlines and Trade Air. A base of the Croatian Air Force and Air Defence is placed within airport complex, in barracks "Colonel Marko Živković". Also, there is an administrative center of Croatian Air Traffic Control. It served 2,587,798 passengers in 2015.

The airport has been given to ZAIC consortium (Zagreb Airport International Company) in a 30-year concession under the terms of contract signed by the Government of Croatia and mentioned consortium. The contract includes financing, designing and construction of a new passenger terminal. For the purpose of managing the airport, ZAIC registered a company MZLZ d.d. (Međunarodna zračna luka Zagreb d.d.) that is now the operator of Franjo Tuđman Airport.

History[edit]

  • 1909 – The first airfield in Zagreb was built in 1909 near the western city neighbourhood of Črnomerec.
  • 1928 – The Borongaj airfield began serving its first passenger traffic on 15 February.
  • 1947 – Commercial services were moved to a former airbase near the village of Lučko, southwest of the city. At its peak in 1959, Lučko served 167,000 passengers.
  • 1962 – New airport was opened at Pleso in the southeast from Lučko. It was first opened with a 2,500 m (8,200 ft) long runway and 1,000 m2 (11,000 sq ft) terminal. A new 5,000 m2 (54,000 sq ft) apron.
  • 1966 – Zagreb Airport has got modern 5,000 m2 (54,000 sq ft) passenger terminal.
  • 1974 – Apron and runway expansion. Runway was extended to its current 3,252 m (10,669 ft), and the terminal expanded to 12,000 m2 (130,000 sq ft).
  • 2004 – The airport installed a CAT-IIIb instrument landing system (ILS).
  • 2008 – VIP Terminal was added and extra amenities, restaurants and bars. Terminal expanded to 15,500 m2 (167,000 sq ft)[2]
  • 2010 – 3rd Floor Viewing platform and a bar were added, passenger terminal received major facelift.
  • 2013 – Construction of new 70,000 m2 (750,000 sq ft) passenger terminal officially started on 18 December 2013. Terminal with capacity of 5.5 million passengers in the first phase should be completed by end of 2016 and 250,000 m2 (2,700,000 sq ft) airport apron will also be added as part of the whole expansion project.[3]
  • 2015 – The airport had the most successful year ever with 2.58 million passengers passing through its gates.[4][5]
  • 2016 - The Croatian Government renamed Zagreb Airport after president Franjo Tuđman.[6] Polls showed that majority of Croatian people endorse renaming.[7]

Terminals[edit]

Terminal 1[edit]

Check-in area of Terminal 1

The passenger terminal underwent major design upgrade, new VIP terminal was added to the west of the current terminal in 2008, and new unified facade (at the front of the terminal) was also added in 2009. The passenger terminal has a maximum capacity of around 2.5 million passengers per year with current traffic being around the 2.4 million mark. The main terminal building itself is rather small measuring only 200 m × 58 m (656 ft × 190 ft) or around 17,000 m2 (180,000 sq ft). The apron or airport ramp measures 950 m × 187 m (3,117 ft × 614 ft) and can accommodate around 15 medium and two wide body aircraft. The terminal is planned to accommodate low-cost flights after the construction of the second terminal.

Construction of Terminal 2[edit]

The apron of Franjo Tuđman Airport

A new terminal is under construction. The initial plan, made by NACO in 1997, was for 47,000 m² of space, capacity for 11 jetways, and the capability of handling 3 million passengers annually, but the airport authority decided to scrap this plan in favor of a larger terminal. Another master plan was developed by Scott Associates in 2006 and the new terminal was expected to have 12 jetways and a capacity of 3.3 million passengers annually. It would have been approximately 65,600 m2 (706,000 sq ft) in area, nearly five times the size of the current terminal. This plan was also scrapped and a competition was held in hope of an even larger airport.

A competition for the final architectural and urban planning solution took place in August 2009, and the winner (Institut IGH) was declared at the beginning of October. This proposal, designed by Neidhardt architects of Zagreb, includes a retail component with stores, banks, cafes and restaurants. A new luxury hotel with direct underground links to the terminal is planned, directly in front of the new terminal. The new terminal will consist of glass walls and roof in a wavy facade. It will be built in three stages, the first stage being able to cater for over five million passengers. However this number will increase as phase two and three commence directly after. Initial construction is expected to cost €280 million. Air Force operations will move to the south end of the airport due to the construction. Meanwhile, the old terminal will have a major face lift and minor expansion expected to cost 6 million euros.

On 12 April 2012, consortium ZAIC (Aeroports de Paris) received a 30-year concession of the airport from the Government of Croatia. The contract includes financing, designing and construction of a new passenger terminal. The construction works, lasting three years, will be carried out by Bouygues Bâtiment International in partnership with Viadukt. ZAIC will operate the entire airport for 30 years, including the runways, the current passenger terminal during the entire construction period, the new terminal, the cargo terminal, car parks and future property developments. The concession contract involves a total investment of €324m (£259m): €236 million for the design and construction of the new terminal and €88 million for operation of all airport infrastructure for the entire period of the concession.[8]

The financial close of the concession took place on 6 December 2013. Ownership breakdown of the capital in the concession owner is as follows: Aéroports de Paris Management, 20.77%; Bouygues Bâtiment International, 20.77%; Marguerite Fund, 20.77%; IFC, 17.58%; TAV Airports, 15.0%; and Viadukt, 5.11%.[9]

Construction on the new terminal officially started on 18 December 2013 and should be completed by end of 2016.[3] According to revised architectural plans, the main terminal building will be 144x133 m with the roof having a slightly larger footprint of 155x165 m, with piers extending to some 320 m width with 8 passenger boarding bridges as part of phase 1. Two hundred meter (200 m) extensions to left and right piers will be added as part of phase 2, adding additional 8 passenger boarding bridges for total of 16. Construction of Phase 2 will commence once terminal reaches 3.5 million passenger capacity, which is expected in 2017 or 2018. New passenger terminal once completed will provide around ~72,500 square meters of enclosed space.[10]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo
Air Europa Seasonal charter: Zaragoza
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle
Air Malta Seasonal charter: Malta
Air Serbia Belgrade
Air Transat Seasonal: Toronto-Pearson
Austrian Airlines Vienna
British Airways London-Heathrow
Brussels Airlines Brussels
Croatia Airlines Amsterdam, Brussels, Copenhagen, Dubrovnik, Frankfurt, London-Heathrow, Milan-Malpensa, Munich, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Prague, Pristina, Pula, Rome-Fiumicino, St Petersburg, Sarajevo, Skopje, Split, Vienna, Zadar, Zürich
Seasonal: Antalya, Athens, Barcelona, Bol, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion
Croatia Airlines
operated by Trade Air
Seasonal: Athens, Barcelona, Brussels, Copenhagen, Dubrovnik, Lisbon
Czech Airlines Prague
Eurowings
operated by Germanwings
Berlin-Tegel, Cologne/Bonn, Stuttgart
Seasonal: Hamburg
flydubai Dubai-International
Iberia Seasonal: Madrid
Iberia
operated by Air Nostrum
Seasonal charter: Valencia
KLM Amsterdam
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw-Chopin
Lufthansa Regional
operated by Lufthansa CityLine
Frankfurt, Munich
Norwegian Air Shuttle Seasonal: Copenhagen
Onur Air Seasonal charter: Antalya
Qatar Airways Doha
Qeshm Airlines Seasonal Charter: Tehran-Imam Khomeini
Sun D'Or
operated by El Al
Seasonal: Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion
Swiss International Air Lines
operated by Swiss Global Air Lines
Zürich
Trade Air Osijek, Rijeka
Tunisair Seasonal charter: Monastir
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk
Vueling Seasonal: Barcelona
Wings of Lebanon Seasonal charter: Beirut[citation needed]

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
MNG Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk
Qatar Airways Cargo Doha
Solinair Bergamo, Ljubljana, Sarajevo, Venice
Trade Air Ljubljana, Sarajevo
UPS Airlines
operated by ASL Airlines Switzerland
Cologne/Bonn, Ljubljana

Statistics[edit]

Traffic at Franjo Tuđman Airport[11]
Year Passengers Passenger %
Change
Aircraft Landings Cargo (tonnes)
2000 1,149,830 n/a n/a 7,388
2001 1,185,471 3.1Increase n/a 7,791
2002 1,203,436 1.5Increase n/a 7,347
2003 1,314,652 9.2Increase n/a 8,608
2004 1,408,206 7.1Increase n/a 8,899
2005 1,551,519 10.2Increase 18,742 12,492
2006 1,728,414 11.4Increase 20,442 10,393
2007 1,992,455 15.2Increase 21,625 12,564
2008 2,192,453 10.0Increase 22,271 12,697
2009 2,062,242 5.9 Decrease 20,342 10,065
2010 2,071,561 0.5 Increase 19,906 8,156
2011 2,319,098 11.9Increase 21,180 8,012
2012 2,342,309 1.0Increase 19,527 8,133
2013 2,300,231 1.8Decrease 18,437 7,699
2014 2,430,971 5.6Increase 19,174 8,855
2015 2,587,798 6.4Increase 19,927 9,225
2016 (until 30 June) 1,225,889 5.2Increase 19,524 4,024
Busiest routes at Franjo Tuđman Airport
City Airport(s) Weekly Departures
(July 2014)
Airlines Passengers (1)
Flag of Germany.svg Frankfurt Frankfurt Airport 39 Croatia Airlines, Lufthansa 208,724
Flag of Austria.svg Vienna Schwechat Airport 30 Austrian Airlines, Croatia Airlines 193,445
Flag of Germany.svg Munich Franz Josef Strauss Airport 28 Lufthansa Regional, Croatia Airlines 180,543
Flag of France.svg Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport 25 Croatia Airlines, Air France 162,544
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg London Heathrow Airport 24 Croatia Airlines, British Airways 156,724
Flag of Croatia.svg Dubrovnik Dubrovnik Airport 21 Croatia Airlines 141,719
Flag of Switzerland.svg Zürich Zürich Airport 21 Croatia Airlines, Swiss International Air Lines 135,408
Flag of Croatia.svg Split Split Airport 21 Croatia Airlines 76,338
Flag of Belgium.svg Brussels Brussels Airport 18 Croatia Airlines, Brussels Airlines 70,928
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Amsterdam Schiphol Airport 15 Croatia Airlines, KLM 97,542
Flag of Serbia.svg Belgrade Belgrade Airport 14 Air Serbia 48,188
Flag of Turkey.svg Istanbul Atatürk Airport 14 Turkish Airlines 90,272
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg Sarajevo Sarajevo Airport 13 Croatia Airlines 83,148
Flag of Italy.svg Rome Fiumicino Airport 12 Croatia Airlines, Vueling 77,376
Flag of Qatar.svg Doha Hamad International Airport 10 Qatar Airways No data
Flag of Macedonia.svg Skopje Skopje Airport 10 Croatia Airlines No data
Source: Zagreb Airport [12]

(1) Data for 2013 only.

Top Carriers[edit]

Rank Carrier Passengers 2013  % Passenger %
Change 2012
Passengers 2015  % Passenger %
Change 2013
1 Flag of Croatia.svg Croatia Airlines 1,427,209 62.1 Decrease6.26 1,422.592
2 Flag of Germany.svg Lufthansa 212,850 10.5 Increase6.22 262,324
3 Flag of Germany.svg Germanwings 104,740 4.5 Increase3.95 147,342
4 Flag of Austria.svg Austrian Airlines 105,121 5.4 Increase4.98 108,494
5 Flag of Turkey.svg Turkish Airlines 63,781 2.7 Increase10.24 92,912
6 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg British Airways 82,377 3.5 Increase2.85 67,377
7 Flag of France.svg Air France 70,7421 3.0 Increase6.40 64,421
8 Flag of Qatar.svg Qatar Airways 49,830 2.1 Increase6.53 62,990
9 Flag of Serbia.svg Air Serbia ~ ~ ~ 62,445
10 Flag of the Netherlands.svg KLM ~ ~ ~ 47,754
11 Flag of Russia.svg Aeroflot 36,445 1.5 Increase0.61 40,663
12 Flag of Norway.svg Norwegian Air Shuttle 22,314 1.0 Increase8.24 22,554
Source: Zagreb Airport [12]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Zagreb Airport at Wikimedia Commons