Zagreb Airport

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Zagreb Franjo Tuđman Airport

Zračna luka Franjo Tuđman Zagreb
Zagreb Airport blue logo.png
Zagreb Airport New Terminal.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic/Military
OperatorMZLZ d.d.
(Groupe ADP)
ServesZagreb
LocationVelika Gorica, Croatia
Hub for
Elevation AMSL353 ft / 108 m
Coordinates45°44′35″N 016°04′08″E / 45.74306°N 16.06889°E / 45.74306; 16.06889Coordinates: 45°44′35″N 016°04′08″E / 45.74306°N 16.06889°E / 45.74306; 16.06889
Websitezagreb-airport.hr
Map
LDZA is located in Croatia
LDZA
LDZA
Location in Croatia
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
04/22 3,252 10,669 Concrete/asphalt
Statistics (2020)
Number of passengers924.823Decrease 73,08%
Aircraft movements21,510 Decrease 52,27%
revenue€174.9 million[1] Increase 2.1%
net income€5.12 million[1] Increase 312%
number of employees743 directly + 305 indirectly Increase 0.5%[2]
Economic impact€0.7 billion
Assets€537 million[3]
Sources: ZAG Airport Statistics[4]

Zagreb Franjo Tuđman Airport (Croatian: Zračna luka Franjo Tuđman Zagreb) or Zagreb Airport (Croatian: Zračna luka Zagreb) (IATA: ZAG, ICAO: LDZA) is an international airport serving Zagreb, Croatia. It is the largest and busiest airport in Croatia. In 2019, it handled 3.45 million passengers and some 13,000 tons of cargo.

Named after Franjo Tuđman, the first President of Croatia, the airport is located some 10 km (6.2 mi) southeast of Zagreb Central Station[5] in Velika Gorica. It is the hub of the Croatian flag carrier Croatia Airlines and a focus city for Trade Air. The main base of the Croatian Air Force is also located at the airport's premises. Moreover, the Croatian Air Traffic Control has its administratration situated on the grounds of the airport.

The airport was awarded to the ZAIC consortium (Zagreb Airport International Company) in a 30-year concession under the terms of a contract signed by the Government of Croatia with the aforementioned. The contract includes the financing, designing and construction of a new passenger terminal which was opened in March 2017. For the purpose of managing the airport ZAIC registered a company called MZLZ d.d. (Međunarodna zračna luka Zagreb d.d.) that is now the operator of the Airport.

History[edit]

The history of Zagreb civil aviation began in 1909 when the first airfield was built close to the western city neighbourhood (city district) of Črnomerec.[citation needed]

With the creation of the first Yugoslav flag carrier Aeroput in 1927, the airport was relocated to the Borongaj airfield in 1928 which began serving the ever-growing number of passengers on 15 February of that year.[citation needed] Although several European airliners connected the city it was mostly Aeroput which connected Zagreb to major destinations across Europe and thus significantly increased traffic at Zagreb in the period preceding the Second World War.

Following World War II, commercial services were moved to a former military airbase near the village of Lučko south-west of the city in 1947. JAT Yugoslav Airlines took the role of Aeroput and made Zagreb its second hub. At its peak in 1959, Lučko served 167,000 passengers.

Zagreb Airport terminal

The current location of the airport at Pleso in the south-east of Lučko opened in 1962 with a 2,500 m (8,200 ft) long runway and 1,000 m2 (11,000 sq ft) terminal. By 1966, Zagreb Airport got a new 5,000 m2 (54,000 sq ft) state-of-the-art passenger terminal. The runway capacity was lengthened to its current 3,252 m (10,669 ft) in 1974.

In the 1980s, Zagreb Airport was the second largest in Yugoslavia by passenger and aircraft movements. Yugoslav flag-carrier JAT maintained a hub in Zagreb and connected the city to numerous destinations including New York, Chicago, Toronto which inevitably had a major impact on air traffic at Zagreb during that period.

On 31 August 1991, during the Croatian War of Independence, the airport became the scene of fighting between Croatian armed forces and the Yugoslav military (JNA) when a Boeing 707 chartered by Anton Kikaš carrying weapons for the Croatians was forced to land there by Yugoslav MiGs. Croatian forces attacked the control tower and blocked roads in and out of the airport, however the JNA successfully seized the 707 and flew it out of the airport.[6][7] The airport later became a UN hub for getting Medical & food supplies to war-ridden Croatia and Bosnia . The British 24th Field Ambulance were stationed in a former Yugoslav People's Army camp at the airport.

Following an increase in passenger numbers and the necessity to upgrade its infrastructure, the airport installed a CAT-IIIb instrument landing system (ILS) in 2004.

In 2008, a new VIP terminal was added and the terminal extended for extra amenities, restaurants and bars. The terminal was expanded to 15,500 m2 (167,000 sq ft).[8]

By 2010, the old terminal has been nearing its maximum annual capacity. That year the passenger terminal received a major facelift in the course of which a viewing platform with a bar was added.

On 12 April 2012, the ZAIC (Groupe ADP) consortium received a 30-year concession for the airport from the Government of Croatia. The concession includes financing, designing and constructing a new passenger terminal. The construction of a brand new 70,000 m2 (750,000 sq ft) terminal facility designed by Neidhardt architects of Zagreb and carried out by Bouygues Bâtiment International in partnership with Viadukt began on 18 December 2013 with the aim to replace the old terminal. It now has an initial annual capacity of 5.5 million passengers in the first phase and was officially completed in October 2016. The official inauguration of the terminal was on 28 March 2017. ZAIC now operates the entire airport for 30 years including the runways, the current passenger terminal, the cargo terminal, car parks and all future property developments. The concession contract involves a total investment of around €324m (£259m): €236 million for the design and construction of the new terminal and €88 million for operation of all airport infrastructure for the entire period of the concession.[9]

On 27 February 2020, the runway, formerly designated as 05/23, was redesignated to 04/22 due to the change in magnetic declination.[10]

On 30 March 2021, Irish ultra low-cost airline Ryanair announced the opening of a new base in Zagreb commencing July 2021. The airline will be basing two Airbus A320-200 aircraft and start flights to forteen previously unserved destinations.[11]

Terminal[edit]

Departures area

The current terminal building was opened to the public on 28 March 2017.[12][failed verification] It stretches over 65,800 m2 (708,000 sq ft) on three levels featuring three baggage carousels, 8 air bridges, 9 security checkpoints, 30 check-in desks, 23 passport control booths and a car park with the capacity of 1,100 vehicles. Furthermore, the new apron has three remote stands next to the terminal, while 23 stands at the old passenger building are also used during the peak season. Each of the aircraft parking positions at the facility includes a visual docking guidance system which gives information to a pilot on how to park their aircraft. The terminal itself features a large 600 square metre duty-free shop operated by Aelia, 16 cafés, bars, restaurants and snack bars.

Enough space has been left for 30 additional check-in counters and 2 baggage carousels to be added once the new terminal reaches its current maximum capacity of 5 million passengers. Further extensions envisaged along the thirty-year concession period will potentially see expanding current apron from present 100,000 to 300,000 m2 (1,100,000 to 3,200,000 sq ft) and terminal capacity increased to 8 million through gradual expansion of the terminal in four Phase 2 expansions.[13][unreliable source?][14][15]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo
Air Canada Seasonal: Toronto–Pearson (resumes 2 June 2022)[16]
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Air Serbia Belgrade
Air Transat Seasonal: Toronto–Pearson
Austrian Airlines Vienna
Azur Air Seasonal charter: Moscow–Vnukovo[17]
British Airways London–Heathrow
Croatia Airlines Amsterdam, Brussels, Copenhagen, Dublin, Dubrovnik, Frankfurt, London–Heathrow, Munich, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Pula, Rome–Fiumicino, Sarajevo, Skopje, Split, Vienna, Zadar, Zurich
Seasonal: Athens, Brač
El Al Seasonal: Tel Aviv[18]
Eurowings Berlin (resumes 28 March 2022),[19] Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf (resumes 31 August 2021),[20] Prague (begins 6 November 2021),[21] Stuttgart
Seasonal: Hamburg
flydubai Dubai–International[22]
Iberia Madrid
Israir Airlines Seasonal: Tel Aviv[23]
KLM Amsterdam
Korean Air Seasonal: Seoul–Incheon[24][25]
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw–Chopin
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
NordStar Seasonal: Moscow–Domodedovo[26]
Nordwind Airlines Moscow–Sheremetyevo[27]
Qatar Airways Doha
Ryanair[28] Basel/Mulhouse (begins 3 December 2021),[29] Beauvais (begins 2 September 2021), Bergamo, Charleroi, Dortmund (begins 3 September 2021), Dublin (begins 2 December 2021),[30] Eindhoven (begins 3 December 2021),[31] Gothenburg, Hahn (begins 3 September 2021), Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden (begins 2 September 2021), London–Stansted, Málaga (begins 1 December 2021),[32] Malmö (begins 4 September 2021),[33] Malta (begins 4 December 2021),[34] Manchester (begins 2 December 2021),[35] Memmingen (begins 3 September 2021), Naples (begins 17 December 2021),[36] Paphos (begins 2 December 2021),[37] Podgorica (begins 4 September 2021), Rome–Ciampino, Sandefjord (begins 1 September 2021), Sofia (begins 3 August 2021),[38] Thessaloniki (begins 3 December 2021),[39] Weeze (begins 4 September 2021)[40]
TAP Air Portugal Lisbon[41]
Trade Air Osijek
Seasonal charter: Tel Aviv[42]
Turkish Airlines Istanbul
Vueling Seasonal: Barcelona
Windrose Airlines Kyiv–Boryspil[43]
  • Emirates Dubai Service suspended till 2023 -[44] Emirates airlines suspended number of world destinations, Zagreb among them, Emirates plans to resume service to Zagreb and other world destinations in 2023/24.

Cargo[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
MNG Airlines[45] Istanbul–Atatürk, Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Swiftair[46] Belgrade, Milan, Cologne/Bonn, Leipzig/Halle

Ground transportation[edit]

ZAG can be reached from the city centre by scheduled local bus services (No. 290) operated by ZET[47] or scheduled coach services operated by Croatia Airlines' subsidiary Pleso Prijevoz.[48]

Statistics[edit]

Traffic[edit]

See source Wikidata query and sources.

Traffic at Zagreb Airport[49]
Year Passengers Passenger %
Change
Aircraft Movements Aircraft Movements%
Change
Cargo (tonnes) Cargo %
Change
2000 1,149,830 n/a n/a n/a 7,388 n/a
2001 1,185,471 3.10Increase n/a n/a 7,791 5.45Increase
2002 1,203,436 1.52Increase n/a n/a 7,347 5.70Decrease
2003 1,314,652 9.24Increase n/a n/a 8,608 17.16Increase
2004 1,408,206 7.12Increase n/a n/a 8,899 3.38Increase
2005 1,551,519 10.18Increase 37,484 n/a 12,492 40.38Increase
2006 1,728,414 11.40Increase 40,884 9.07Increase 10,393 16.80Decrease
2007 1,992,455 15.28Increase 43,250 5.79Increase 12,564 20.89Increase
2008 2,192,453 10.04Increase 44,542 2.99Increase 12,697 1.06Increase
2009 2,062,242 5.94 Decrease 40,684 8.66Decrease 10,065 20.73Decrease
2010 2,071,561 0.45 Increase 39,812 2.14Decrease 8,156 18.97Decrease
2011 2,319,098 11.95Increase 42,360 6.40Increase 8,012 1.77Decrease
2012 2,342,309 1.00Increase 39,084 7.80Decrease 8,133 1.51Increase
2013 2,300,231 1.80Decrease 36,874 5.58Decrease 7,699 5.34Decrease
2014 2,430,971 5.68Increase 38,348 4.00Increase 8,855 15.01Increase
2015 2,787,798 6.45Increase 39,854 3.93Increase 9,225 4.18Increase
2016 3,366,087 6.89Increase 40,796 2.36Increase 10,074 9.20Increase
2017 3,992,047 11.78Increase 41,585 1.93Increase 11,719 11.75Increase
2018 3,336,310 7.89Increase 43,688 5,06Increase 13,676 16.71Increase
2019 4,635,531 2.9Increase 45,061 3.14Increase 12,881 5.8Decrease
2020 924,823 73.08Decrease 21,510 52.26Decrease 9,852 22.33Decrease
Traffic at Zagreb Airport in 2020/2021 by month[49]
Month Passengers 2020 Passengers 2021 Passenger %
Change
Aircraft Movements 2020 Aircraft Movements 2021 Aircraft Movements %
Change
Cargo (tonnes) 2020 Cargo (tonnes) 2021 Cargo %
Change
January 203,035 38,063 81.25Decrease 3,133 1,403 55.22Decrease 910 761 16.37Decrease
February 184,236 31,534 82.88Decrease 2,994 1,249 58.28Decrease 772 776 0,52Increase
March 97,063 43,731 54,95Decrease 2,310 1,648 28,66Decrease 829 1,007 21,47Increase
April 5,118 54,092 956,90Increase 365 1,840 404,11Increase 999 816 18,32Decrease
May 13,881 69,019 397,22Increase 572 2,092 265,74Increase 673 896 33,14Increase
June 44,402 100,933 127,32Increase 1,138 2,426 113,18Increase 659 900 TBC
July 78,070 2,037 813
August 93,553 2,246 717
September 65,693 1,995 823
October 55,289 1,772 850
November 42,715 1,556 857
December 41,498 1,392 913

Busiest airlines[edit]

Rank Carrier Passengers 2017 Passengers %
1 Croatia Airlines 1,608,502 52.00
2 Lufthansa 253,843 8.21
3 Turkish Airlines 141,844 4.35
4 Eurowings 135,720 4.30
5 Qatar Airways 127,218 4.2
6 Austrian Airlines 105,525 3.29
7 Emirates 98,442 3.18
8 British Airways 71,347 2.31
9 KLM 58,435 1.89
10 Air France 58,240 1.88
- All others 442,119 14.00
Source: Zagreb Airport[50]
Busiest routes at Zagreb Airport in 2017
Rank Destination Departing passengers Operating airlines
1 Frankfurt Airport 321,907 Croatia Airlines, Lufthansa
2 Dubrovnik Airport 268,173 Croatia Airlines
3 Split Airport 201,065 Croatia Airlines
4 Munich 191,990 Croatia Airlines, Lufthansa
5 Amsterdam 167,469 Croatia Airlines, KLM
6 London–Heathrow 164,426 British Airways, Croatia Airlines
7 Vienna 164,108 Austrian Airlines, Croatia Airlines
8 Paris–Charles de Gaulle 151,505 Air France, Croatia Airlines
9 Istanbul–Atatürk 141,844 Turkish Airlines
10 Hamad International Airport 127,218 Qatar Airlines
Source: Zagreb Airport[50]

References[edit]

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  6. ^ Compiled From Agencies (1 September 1991). "Serbia Accepts Plan For Observers From European Community". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. p. 39. Retrieved 25 June 2021.
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  35. ^ "Ryanair Launches Manchester 2021 Recovery Schedule". Ryanair corporate news. 21 July 2021. Retrieved 21 July 2021.
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  45. ^ "MNG schedule". Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 31 July 2013.
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  48. ^ "Pleso Prijevoz timetable". Pleso prijevoz. Retrieved 22 January 2020.
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  50. ^ a b "Međunarodna zračna luka Zagreb | Zagreb International Airport – Naslovna". Zagreb-airport.hr. Retrieved 20 May 2016.

External links[edit]

Media related to Zagreb Airport at Wikimedia Commons