Zagreb Airport

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Franjo Tuđman Airport Zagreb

Međunarodna zračna luka Franjo Tuđman Zagreb
Zagreb Airport blue logo.png
Zagreb Airport New Terminal.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic/Military
OperatorMZLZ d.d.
(Groupe ADP)
ServesZagreb, Croatia
LocationVelika Gorica
Hub for
Elevation AMSL353 ft / 108 m
Coordinates45°44′35″N 016°04′08″E / 45.74306°N 16.06889°E / 45.74306; 16.06889Coordinates: 45°44′35″N 016°04′08″E / 45.74306°N 16.06889°E / 45.74306; 16.06889
Websitezagreb-airport.hr zag.aero
Map
LDZA is located in Croatia
LDZA
LDZA
Location in Croatia
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
04/22 3,252 10,669 Concrete/Asphalt
Statistics (2019)
Number of passengers3,435,531Increase 2.9%
Aircraft movements45,061 Increase 3.1%
revenue€174.9 million[1] Increase 2.1%
net income€5.12 million[1] Increase 312%
number of employees743 directly + 305 indirectly Increase 0.5%[2]
Economic impact€0.7 billion
Assets€537 million[3]

Zagreb Airport Franjo Tuđman (IATA: ZAG, ICAO: LDZA) is the largest and busiest international airport in Croatia. In 2019 it handled 3.45 million passengers and some 13,000 tons of cargo.

Named after Franjo Tuđman, the first President of Croatia, the airport is located some 10 km (6.2 mi) southeast of Zagreb Central Station[4] in Velika Gorica. It is the hub of the Croatian flag carrier Croatia Airlines and a focus city for Trade Air. The main base of the Croatian Air Force is also located at the airport's premises. Moreover, the Croatian Air Traffic Control has its administratration situated on the grounds of the airport.

The airport was awarded to the ZAIC consortium (Zagreb Airport International Company) in a 30-year concession under the terms of a contract signed by the Government of Croatia with the aforementioned. The contract includes the financing, designing and construction of a new passenger terminal which was opened in March 2017. For the purpose of managing the airport ZAIC registered a company called MZLZ d.d. (Međunarodna zračna luka Zagreb d.d.) that is now the operator of the Airport.

History[edit]

The history of Zagreb civil aviation began in 1909 when the first airfield was built close to the western city neighborhood (city district) of Črnomerec.[citation needed]

With the creation of the first Yugoslav flag carrier Aeroput in 1927, the airport was relocated to the Borongaj airfield in 1928 which began serving the ever-growing number of passengers on 15 February of that year.[citation needed] Although several European airliners connected the city it was mostly Aeroput which connected Zagreb to major destinations across Europe and thus significantly increased traffic at Zagreb in the period preceding the Second World War.

Following World War II, commercial services were moved to a former military airbase near the village of Lučko south-west of the city in 1947. JAT Yugoslav Airlines took the role of Aeroput and made Zagreb its second hub. At its peak in 1959, Lučko served 167,000 passengers.

Zagreb Airport terminal

The current location of the airport at Pleso in the south-east of Lučko opened in 1962 with a 2,500 m (8,200 ft) long runway and 1,000 m2 (11,000 sq ft) terminal. By 1966, Zagreb Airport got a new 5,000 m2 (54,000 sq ft) state-of-the-art passenger terminal. The runway capacity was lengthened to its current 3,252 m (10,669 ft) in 1974.

In the 1980s, Zagreb Airport was the second largest in Yugoslavia by passenger and aircraft movements. Yugoslav flag-carrier JAT maintained a hub in Zagreb and connected the city to numerous destinations including New York, Chicago, Toronto which inevitably had a major impact on air traffic at Zagreb during that period.

Following an increase in passenger numbers and the necessity to upgrade its infrastructure, the airport installed a CAT-IIIb instrument landing system (ILS) in 2004.

In 2008, a new VIP terminal was added and the terminal extended for extra amenities, restaurants and bars. The terminal was expanded to 15,500 m2 (167,000 sq ft)[5]

By 2010, the old terminal has been nearing its maximum annual capacity. That year the passenger terminal received a major facelift in the course of which a viewing platform with a bar was added.

On 12 April 2012, the ZAIC (Groupe ADP) consortium received a 30-year concession for the airport from the Government of Croatia. The concession includes financing, designing and constructing a new passenger terminal. The construction of a brand new 70,000 m2 (750,000 sq ft) terminal facility designed by Neidhardt architects of Zagreb and carried out by Bouygues Bâtiment International in partnership with Viadukt began on 18 December 2013 with the aim to replace the old terminal. It now has an initial annual capacity of 5.5 million passengers in the first phase and was officially completed in October 2016. The official inauguration of the terminal was on 28 March 2017. ZAIC now operates the entire airport for 30 years including the runways, the current passenger terminal, the cargo terminal, car parks and all future property developments. The concession contract involves a total investment of around €324m (£259m): €236 million for the design and construction of the new terminal and €88 million for operation of all airport infrastructure for the entire period of the concession.[6]

Terminal[edit]

Departures area

The current terminal building was opened to the public on 28 March 2017.[7][failed verification] It stretches over 65,800 m2 (708,000 sq ft) on three levels featuring three baggage carousels, 8 air bridges, 9 security checkpoints, 30 check-in desks, 23 passport control booths and a car park with the capacity of 1,100 vehicles. Furthermore, the new apron has three remote stands next to the terminal, while 23 stands at the old passenger building are also used during the peak season. Each of the aircraft parking positions at the facility includes a visual docking guidance system which gives information to a pilot on how to park their aircraft. The terminal itself features a large 600 square metre duty-free shop operated by Aelia, 16 cafés, bars, restaurants and snack bars.

Enough space has been left for 30 additional check-in counters and 2 baggage carousels to be added once the new terminal reaches its current maximum capacity of 5 million passengers. Further extensions envisaged along the thirty-year concession period will potentially see expanding current apron from present 100,000 to 300,000 m2 (1,100,000 to 3,200,000 sq ft) and terminal capacity increased to 8 million through gradual expansion of the terminal in four Phase 2 expansions.[8][unreliable source?][9][10]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
Aegean Airlines Athens
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo
Air Canada Rouge Seasonal: Toronto–Pearson[11]
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Air Serbia Belgrade
Air Transat Seasonal: Toronto–Pearson
Austrian Airlines Vienna
British Airways London–Heathrow
Croatia Airlines Amsterdam, Barcelona, Brussels, Copenhagen, Dublin, Dubrovnik, Frankfurt, London–Heathrow, Mostar, Munich, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Pula, Rome–Fiumicino, Sarajevo, Skopje, Split, Vienna, Zadar, Zurich
Seasonal: Athens, Brač, Bucharest, Helsinki, Lisbon, Milan–Malpensa, Oslo–Gardermoen, Prague, Saint Petersburg, Stockholm–Arlanda, Tel Aviv
Emirates Seasonal: Dubai–International[12][13]
Eurowings Cologne/Bonn, Stuttgart
Seasonal: Hamburg
flydubai Seasonal: Dubai–International[12]
Iberia Madrid
KLM Amsterdam
Korean Air Seasonal: Seoul–Incheon[14][15]
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw–Chopin
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Norwegian Air Shuttle Seasonal: Copenhagen
Qatar Airways Doha
Sun d'Or Seasonal: Tel Aviv
Trade Air Osijek[16]
Tunisair Seasonal charter: Monastir (begins 24 June 2020)[17]
Turkish Airlines Istanbul
Vueling Seasonal: Barcelona

Cargo[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
DHL Aviation Bergamo, Bologna, Cologne/Bonn, Leipzig, Ostrava, Venice
MNG Airlines Istanbul–Atatürk, Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Qatar Airways Cargo Doha

Ground transportation[edit]

Public transportation[edit]

ZAG can be reached from the city centre by scheduled local bus services (No.290) operated by ZET[18] or scheduled coach services operated by Croatia Airlines´ subsidiary Pleso Prijevoz.[19]

Statistics[edit]

Traffic[edit]

Traffic at Zagreb Airport[20]
Year Passengers Passenger %
Change
Aircraft Movements Aircraft Movements%
Change
Cargo (tonnes) Cargo %
Change
2000 1,149,830 n/a n/a n/a 7,388 n/a
2001 1,185,471 3.10Increase n/a n/a 7,791 5.45Increase
2002 1,203,436 1.52Increase n/a n/a 7,347 5.70Decrease
2003 1,314,652 9.24Increase n/a n/a 8,608 17.16Increase
2004 1,408,206 7.12Increase n/a n/a 8,899 3.38Increase
2005 1,551,519 10.18Increase 37,484 n/a 12,492 40.38Increase
2006 1,728,414 11.40Increase 40,884 9.07Increase 10,393 16.80Decrease
2007 1,992,455 15.28Increase 43,250 5.79Increase 12,564 20.89Increase
2008 2,192,453 10.04Increase 44,542 2.99Increase 12,697 1.06Increase
2009 2,062,242 5.94 Decrease 40,684 8.66Decrease 10,065 20.73Decrease
2010 2,071,561 0.45 Increase 39,812 2.14Decrease 8,156 18.97Decrease
2011 2,319,098 11.95Increase 42,360 6.40Increase 8,012 1.77Decrease
2012 2,342,309 1.00Increase 39,084 7.80Decrease 8,133 1.51Increase
2013 2,300,231 1.80Decrease 36,874 5.58Decrease 7,699 5.34Decrease
2014 2,430,971 5.68Increase 38,348 4.00Increase 8,855 15.01Increase
2015 2,587,798 6.45Increase 39,854 3.93Increase 9,225 4.18Increase
2016 2,766,087 6.89Increase 40,796 2.36Increase 10,074 9.20Increase
2017 3,092,047 11.78Increase 41,585 1.93Increase 11,719 11.75Increase
2018 3,336,310 7.89Increase 43,688 5,06Increase 13,676 16.71Increase
2019 3,435,531 2.9Increase 45,061 3,14Increase 12,881 5,8Decrease
Traffic at Zagreb Airport in 2019/2020 by month[20]
Month Passengers 2019 Passengers 2020 Passenger %
Change
Aircraft Movements 2019 Aircraft Movements 2020 Aircraft Movements %
Change
Cargo (tonnes) 2019 Cargo (tonnes) 2020 Cargo %
Change
January 191,197 203,035 6,2Increase 3,045 3,133 2,9Increase 871 946 8,6Increase
February 181.154 184.236 1,7Increase 2.826 2.994 5,9Increase 805 805 0,0Increase
March 232.978 97.063 58,34Decrease 3.356 2.310 31,17Decrease 957 829 13,37Decrease
April 280,790 5.118 98,18Decrease 3,776 365 90,33Decrease 1.091
May 311,368 4,283 1,389
June 336,618 4,088 1,129
July 366,242 4.356 1.159
August 376.026 4.401 1.022
September 350,138 4.190 1.050
October 330.598 4.045 1.245
November 247.277 3.344 1.123
December 231.145 3.351 1.040

Busiest airlines[edit]

Rank Carrier Passengers 2019 Passengers %
1 Croatia Airlines 1,608,502 52.00
2 Lufthansa 253,843 8.21
3 Turkish Airlines 141,844 4.35
4 Eurowings 135,720 4.30
5 Qatar Airways 127,218 4.2
6 Austrian Airlines 105,525 3.29
7 Emirates 98,442 3.18
8 British Airways 71,347 2.31
9 KLM 58,435 1.89
10 Air France 58,240 1.88
- All others 442,119 14.00
Source: Zagreb Airport[21]
Busiest routes at Zagreb Airport in 2017
Rank Destination Departing passengers Operating airlines
1 Frankfurt Airport 321,907 Croatia Airlines, Lufthansa
2 Dubrovnik Airport 268,173 Croatia Airlines
3 Split Airport 201,065 Croatia Airlines
4 Munich 191,990 Croatia Airlines, Lufthansa
5 Amsterdam 167,469 Croatia Airlines, KLM
6 London–Heathrow 164,426 British Airways, Croatia Airlines
7 Vienna 164,108 Austrian Airlines, Croatia Airlines
8 Paris–Charles de Gaulle 151,505 Air France, Croatia Airlines
9 Istanbul–Atatürk 141,844 Turkish Airlines
10 Hamad International Airport 127,218 Qatar Airlines
Source: Zagreb Airport[21]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Bohtinski, Josip (24 June 2017). "Sedam zračnih luka zaradilo je lani čak 215,5 milijuna kuna". Večernji list (in Croatian). Retrieved 21 August 2018.
  2. ^ "ZRAČNA LUKA ZAGREB, d.o.o." prosjecna-placa.info. Archived from the original on 28 April 2018. Retrieved 21 August 2018.
  3. ^ "Međunarodna zračna luka Zagreb d.d." prosjecna-placa.info. Archived from the original on 28 April 2018. Retrieved 21 August 2018.
  4. ^ a b "EUROCONTROL – The European AIS Database: Introduction to EAD Basic – Home". Retrieved 3 June 2015.
  5. ^ "Međunarodna zračna luka Zagreb – Zagreb International Airport – Naslovna". Archived from the original on 8 April 2015. Retrieved 3 June 2015.
  6. ^ Vlada Republika Hrvatska Potpisan Ugovor O Koncesiji za izgradnju Archived 1 July 2012 at the Wayback Machine (In Croatian) 11 April 2012
  7. ^ http://hrcak.srce.hr/file/126124
  8. ^ "Nešto o pregovorima s Francuzima, Nizozemskoj bolesti i gospodinu Petitu, bacanju papira i vremenu od travnja 2012. godine do prosinca 2013. godine. - Siniša Hajdaš Dončić". Siniša Hajdaš Dončić (in Croatian). 18 March 2017. Retrieved 21 August 2018.
  9. ^ "Grand opening of the new passenger terminal of Franjo Tuđman Airport". Zagreb Airport. Retrieved 21 August 2018.
  10. ^ "Zagreb International Airport's New Terminal - Airport Technology". Airport Technology. Retrieved 21 August 2018.
  11. ^ "Air Canada Expands its Global Network". Air Canada. Retrieved 28 September 2017.
  12. ^ a b "Emirates and flydubai come together to offer customers seamless travel options to Zagreb this winter". emirates.com. Retrieved 23 July 2018.
  13. ^ "Emirates resumes flights to Zagreb for summer season". arabianbusiness.com. Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  14. ^ "Korean Air S20 Europe/Russia service changes as of 14NOV19". Routesonline. 14 November 2019. Retrieved 14 November 2019.
  15. ^ "Korean Air S20 Europe / Russia Network adjustment as of 13MAY20". Routesonline. 14 November 2019. Retrieved 14 May 2020.
  16. ^ http://www.trade-air.com/
  17. ^ "Tunisair resumes Monastir – Zagreb charter in S20". Routesonline. 20 January 2020. Retrieved 20 January 2020.
  18. ^ "How to get from Zagreb Airport". Retrieved 15 March 2018.
  19. ^ "Pleso Prijevoz timetable". Pleso prijevoz. Retrieved 22 January 2020.
  20. ^ a b "Statistics – Naslovna". MZLZ. Retrieved 3 March 2019.
  21. ^ a b "Međunarodna zračna luka Zagreb | Zagreb International Airport – Naslovna". Zagreb-airport.hr. Retrieved 20 May 2016.

External links[edit]

Media related to Zagreb Airport at Wikimedia Commons