Zagreb Cathedral

Coordinates: 45°48′52″N 15°58′47″E / 45.81444°N 15.97972°E / 45.81444; 15.97972
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Zagreb Cathedral
Cathedral of the Assumption of Mary
Croatian: Zagrebačka katedrala
Zagreb Cathedral after the 2020 earthquake
Zagreb Cathedral is located in Croatia
Zagreb Cathedral
Zagreb Cathedral
45°48′52″N 15°58′47″E / 45.81444°N 15.97972°E / 45.81444; 15.97972
DenominationRoman Catholic
Relics heldSarcophagus of Blessed Aloysius Stepinac, Croatian martyrs Petar Zrinski and Fran Krsto Frankopan, whose bones were transferred from Wiener Neu Stadt in 1919 A.D., Ivan Antun Zrinski, Eugen Kvaternik etc
Functional statusActive
Heritage designationRegister of Cultural Goods of Croatia
Architect(s)Hermann Bollé (last reconstruction)
StyleGothic (original)
Gothic Revival (19th century reconstructions)
Years builtMid-13th century
1880–1906 (reconstruction/additions)
Number of spires2
Spire height108 m (354 ft)
Bells5 (North Tower)
3 (South Tower)[1]
ArchbishopDražen Kutleša
Native name
Croatian: Zagrebačka katedrala
Zagreb Cathedral is located in Croatia
Zagreb Cathedral
Location of Zagreb Cathedral in Croatia
LocationZagreb, Croatia
ArchitectHermann Bollé (last reconstruction)
Governing bodyZagrebačka katedrala
TypeMovable cultural good
DesignatedMarch 9, 2013[2]
Reference no.P-3621
Protected assetsPlenarium and crucifix from the cathedral treasury

Zagreb Cathedral, located at Kaptol, Zagreb, is a Roman Catholic cathedral-church. It is the second tallest building in Croatia and also the most monumental sacral building in Gothic style southeast of the Alps.[3] It is dedicated to the Assumption of Mary and to kings Saint Stephen and Saint Ladislaus. The cathedral is typically Gothic, as is its sacristy, which is of great architectural value. Its prominent spires are considered to be landmarks as they are visible from most parts of the city. One of its two spires was damaged in the 2020 Zagreb earthquake.


In 1093 when King Ladislaus I of Hungary (1040-1095) moved the bishop's chair from Sisak to Zagreb, he proclaimed the existing church as a cathedral. Construction on the cathedral started shortly after his death and was finished in 1217 and consecrated by king Andrew II of Hungary. The building was destroyed by the Mongols in 1242 but rebuilt by bishop Timothy (1263–1287) a few years later. At the end of the 15th century, the Ottoman Empire invaded Croatia, triggering the construction of fortification walls around the cathedral, some of which are still intact. In the 17th century, a single fortified renaissance watchtower was erected on the south side and was used as a military observation point, because of the Ottoman threat.

The cathedral was severely damaged in the 1880 Zagreb earthquake. The main nave collapsed and the individual tower was damaged beyond repair. The restoration-reconstruction of the cathedral in Neo-Gothic style was led by Hermann Bollé, bringing the cathedral to its present form. As part of that restoration, two spires 104 m (341 ft) high were raised on the western side, both of which are now[when?] in the process of being restored as part of an extensive general restoration of the cathedral.[4]

The cathedral was depicted on the reverse of the Croatian 1000 kuna banknote issued in 1993.[5]

Renovations on the cathedral's towers began in 1990, and have not been completely free of scaffolding for over three decades.[6]

When facing the portal, the building is 46 meters wide and 104 and 105 meters high, respectively.[7] The cathedral contains a relief of Cardinal Aloysius Stepinac with Christ done by the Croatian sculptor Ivan Meštrović. The cathedral was visited by Pope Benedict XVI on 5 June 2011 where he celebrated Sunday Vespers and prayed before the tomb of Blessed Aloysius Stepinac.

The cathedral was damaged in the 2020 earthquake on 22 March, in which the tip of its southern spire broke off and crashed onto the roof of the adjacent Archbishop's Palace.[8] On 17 April 2020, the northern spire of Zagreb Cathedral was removed due to leaning during the earthquake.[9][10][11]


The cathedral holds a treasury (riznica) that include various metal vessels, liturgical vestments, and liturgical books collected during various periods of its history. Among these objects most notable are:


See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Zvona zagrebačke katedrale" [Bells of the Zagreb Cathedral]. Glas Koncila (in Croatian). Archived from the original on August 17, 2011.
  2. ^ Register of Cultural Goods of Croatia. "Izvod iz registra kulturnih dobara Republike Hrvatske br. 01/10 - Lista preventivno zaštićenih dobara" [Excerpt from the register of cultural goods of the Republic of Croatia No. 01/10, List of preventively protected goods]. Narodne novine (in Croatian). Ministry of Culture (Croatia).
  3. ^ Gavrilović, Feđa (January 12, 2012). "Razbijene zastarjele predrasude" [Obsolete prejudices shattered]. Vijenac (in Croatian). No. 466. Matica hrvatska. ISSN 1330-2787. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  4. ^ Archdiocese of Zagreb - Archdiocese of Zagreb - History of the Cathedral
  5. ^ Croatian National Bank. Features of Kuna Banknotes Archived 2009-05-06 at the Wayback Machine: 1000 kuna Archived 2009-05-11 at the Wayback Machine. – Retrieved on 30 March 2009.
  6. ^ Rowlands, Marc (April 22, 2020). "Save your tears for the cathedral, its promise is a greater symbol of Zagreb than its towers". Time Out.
  7. ^ Zagreb, Vladimir from Visit (March 20, 2018). "Zagreb Cathedral of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary » Visit Zagreb". Visit Zagreb. Retrieved October 9, 2022.
  8. ^ "Sa zvonika katedrale pao križ i jako oštetio Nadbiskupski dvor kardinala Bozanića" [A cross fell from the bell tower of the cathedral and badly damaged the Archbishop's Palace of Cardinal Bozanić]. Večernji list (in Croatian). March 22, 2020. Retrieved March 22, 2020.
  9. ^ "Vrh sjevernog tornja zagrebačke katedrale uspješno uklonjen i spušten na tlo" [The top of the north tower of the Zagreb Cathedral was successfully removed and lowered to the ground]. (in Croatian). Retrieved April 18, 2020.
  10. ^ "Eksplozijama odvojen toranj katedrale, prizemljen je" [The tower of the cathedral was separated by the explosions, and grounded]. (in Croatian). April 17, 2020. Retrieved April 18, 2020.
  11. ^ "Rušenje tornja zagrebačke katedrale" [Demolition of the Zagreb Cathedral tower]. (in Croatian). April 17, 2020. Archived from the original on May 1, 2020. Retrieved April 18, 2020.
  12. ^ a b c d e f "Sve tajne crkvenog blaga: Skrivali ga od ratova, lukavih kradljivaca, a njegova je vrijednost - neprocjenjiva" [All the secrets of the church treasure: They hid it from wars, cunning thieves, and its value is priceless]. (in Croatian). Retrieved July 27, 2023.
  13. ^ "Relikvije, kosti, krv, ljubavna pisma: RTL Direkt otkriva zanimljivosti riznice zagrebačke katedrale!" [Relics, bones, blood, love letters: RTL Direkt reveals the interesting things of the treasury of the Zagreb Cathedral!]. (in Croatian). June 23, 2016. Retrieved July 27, 2023.

External links[edit]