Zaida Catalán

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Zaida Catalán (6 October 1980 – March 2017) was a Swedish politician who was a member of the Green Party and leader of the Young Greens of Sweden between 2001 and 2005.[1]

She was known for her work in activism including environmental issues, animal rights and human rights (including support of Sweden's sex purchase law; see Prostitution in Sweden).[2]

Catalán was murdered while on a UN mission to the Democratic Republic of the Congo in March 2017. Investigation into the crime is ongoing as of March 2018, and critics allege the UN was irresponsible in sending her to a high-conflict zone with limited training and support.

Biography[edit]

Early life[edit]

Zaida Catalán was born in Stockholm but grew up in Högsby in Småland.[3] Her mother was Swedish while her father had come to Sweden as a political refugee from Chile in 1975.[4] She studied law at Stockholm University, obtaining a Master of Law degree.[5]

Political career[edit]

With a background as an animal rights activist she in 2001 became the leader of the Young Greens of Sweden. After two years as the leader of the organisation along with Gustav Fridolin and two years along with Einar Westergaard, she resigned as leader of the Young Greens in 2005.[4]

In late 2008 she announced her candidacy for the European Parliament for 2009.[6] After an internal voting within the party she came fifth in the party's list for the parliament. After her personal campaign she received 16,300 in the election, which wasn't enough to get a place in the European Parliament.[7][6] After the Swedish general election in 2006 she was part of the Stockholm City Council for the Green Party.[6]

In December 2010 Catalán announced that she was to leave her work as a lawyer for the Green Party's parliamentary group and she was to start work as an expert on sexual violence for the European Union police work EUPOL in Goma, Democratic Republic of the Congo.[8][9]

Kidnapping and murder[edit]

On 12 March 2017, Catalán and another UN employee, American Michael Sharp, were kidnapped during a mission near the village Ngombe in the Kasai Province in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.[10] They were both found dead on 27 March.[11] The UN was reportedly horrified when a grisly video of the execution of the two UN experts surfaced in April, 2017.[12] Catalán was found in a shallow grave,[10] the body was beheaded, presumably as some kind of ritual from the murderers [13] but despite the arrest of two primary suspects of participate in the execution by Congolese authorities, the head was never found.[14][15] On 26 March 2018, one of the perpetrators, Vincent Manga, was captured by Kananga's military authorities and moved the investigation into a new direction in order to solve the incident.[16]

On 29 March, Swedish authorities launched an investigation into the murder of Zaida Catalán; the Minister for Education Gustav Fridolin and the Prime Minister Stefan Löfven both expressed their dismay and sadness over her death and offered their condolences to her family.[17] UN Secretary-General António Guterres also offered his condolences.[18]

Criticism of the U.N. has been expressed about the U.N.'s approach to the mission of their two experts.[19] They were sent into a remote and violence-torn area on motorbike taxis with only an interpreter at their side and without much training, safety equipment or even health insurance, an "astoundingly irresponsible approach by the United Nations to an obviously dangerous and hugely important task."[20]

Homages to her memory[edit]

At February 20, 2018, a ceremony took place for the inauguration of the Zaida Catalan's Room at the Chilean Embassy at Sweden.[21] In 2018, NOHA foundation (Network On Humanitarian Action) also released a Scholarship program in her memory.[22]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Two U.N. officials of U.S., Swedish nationality kidnapped in central Congo". Reuters. 13 March 2017. Retrieved 29 March 2017 – via Reuters. 
  2. ^ "Opinion - The U.N.'s Tragic Inaction on Congo". 
  3. ^ "Congo-Kinshasa: Two United Nations Workers Kidnapped in DRC". AllAfrica.com. 14 March 2017. Retrieved 29 March 2017 – via AllAfrica. 
  4. ^ a b "Bodies of two UN investigators found in Congo - govt". RTE. 28 March 2017. Retrieved 29 March 2017. 
  5. ^ "Catalán Zaida / Candidates / Sweden / EU map: who signed ILGA-Europe's Pledge / Be Bothered – European Parliament 2009-2014 / Working with the European Institutions / How we work / Home / ilga - ILGA Europe". Archived from the original on 29 March 2017. Retrieved 29 March 2017. 
  6. ^ a b c "Zaida Catalán: Getting the vote out for a greener Europe". The Local. 20 May 2009. Retrieved 29 March 2017. 
  7. ^ "Rights Group: Congo Must Help Search for Missing UN Staff". VOA News. Associated Press. Retrieved 29 March 2017. 
  8. ^ "MONUSCO: Search continues for abducted UN experts in DR Congo". Africa Times. 14 March 2017. Retrieved 29 March 2017. 
  9. ^ "Zaida Catalan - det blir svårt att uträtta något bra". Jusektidningen (in Swedish). 2011. Retrieved 29 March 2017. 
  10. ^ a b "Kasai unrest: UN experts found dead in DR Congo". BBC News. 28 March 2017. Retrieved 29 March 2017. 
  11. ^ "Congo finds Caucasian bodies where U.N. experts disappeared". CBS News. Retrieved 29 March 2017. 
  12. ^ Experts kiiled in the Congo, Retrieved 21 May, 2017
  13. ^ Meurtre de deux experts de l'ONU: la RDC présente une vidéo, Retrieved 05 August, 2017|(In French)
  14. ^ DRC Exclusive report Part 1: Kasai massacre villages await UN inquiry, Retrieved 05 June, 2018
  15. ^ For 2 Experts Killed in Congo, U.N. Provided Little Training and No Protection, Retrieved 05 August, 2017
  16. ^ RDC : arrestation de l’un des « acteurs principaux » soupçonné du meurtre des experts onusiens au Kasaï, Retrieved 24 April, 2018
  17. ^ "Wallström kräver att mordet på Catalán klaras upp - DN.SE". 29 March 2017. Retrieved 29 March 2017. 
  18. ^ TT. "Krav på att mordet på Catalán klaras upp". Retrieved 29 March 2017. 
  19. ^ U.N. criticized for dangerous mission Retrieved May 21, 2017
  20. ^ U.N. Congo murder Retrieved May 27, 2017
  21. ^ Inauguración del Salón Zaida Catalán - Embajada de Chile en Suecia Retrieved June 5, 2018|(In Spanish)
  22. ^ Stipendium till minne av Zaida Catalán Retrieved June 5, 2018|(In Swedish)