|Species Zaire ebolavirus|
|Group:||Group V ((-)ssRNA)|
|Member virus (Abbreviation)|
Ebola virus (EBOV)
The species Zaire ebolavirus is a virological taxon included in the genus Ebolavirus, family Filoviridae, order Mononegavirales. The species has a single virus member, Ebola virus (EBOV), and it is the type species for the genus Ebolavirus. The members of the species are called Zaire ebolaviruses.
Zaire ebolavirus is pronounced / / (zah-EER ee-BOH-lə-vy-rəs). Strictly speaking, the pronunciation of "Ebola virus" / / should be distinct from that of the genus-level taxonomic designation "Ebolavirus/ebolavirus", as "Ebola" is named for the tributary of the Congo River that is pronounced "Ébola" in French, whereas "ebola-virus" is an "artificial contraction" of the words "Ebola" and "virus," written without a diacritical mark for ease of use by scientific databases and English speakers. According to the rules for taxon naming established by the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV), the name Zaire ebolavirus is always to be capitalized, italicized, and to be preceded by the word "species". The names of its members (Zaire ebolaviruses) are to be capitalized, are not italicized, and used without articles.
Species inclusion criteria
- it is endemic in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Gabon, or the Republic of the Congo
- it has a genome with two or three gene overlaps (VP35/VP40, GP/VP30, VP24/L)
- it has a genomic sequence that differs from the type virus by less than 30%
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