Zakimi Castle

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Zakimi Castle
座喜味城
Yomitan, Okinawa
Zakimigusuku.jpg
Type Gusuku
Site information
Controlled by  Ryūkyū Kingdom (1429–1879)
 Empire of Japan (1879–1945)
Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg United States Military Government of the Ryukyu Islands(1945-1950)
Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svgUnited States Civil Administration of the Ryukyu Islands(1950-1972)
 Japan(1972-present)
Open to
the public
yes
Condition Ruins, partially restored
Site history
Built 1416-1422
Built by Gosamaru
In use 1422–1972
Materials Ryukyuan limestone, wood
Battles/wars

World War II

Garrison information
Occupants Gosamaru, Aji of Yomitan Magiri

Zakimi Castle (座喜味城, Zakimi jō) is a Ryukyuan gusuku in Yomitan, Okinawa. It is in ruins, but the walls and foundations have been restored.

History[edit]

It was built between 1416 and 1422 by the renowned Ryukyuan general Gosamaru, a project which involved workers from as far away as the Amami Islands, and was partly constructed with materials taken from nearby Yamada Castle.[1] Zakimi Castle oversaw the northern portion of central Okinawa Island. The fortress has two inner courts, each with an arched gate. This is Okinawa's first stone arch gate featuring the unique keystone masonry of the Ryukyus.

Before and during World War II, the castle was used as a gun emplacement by the Japanese. After the war it was used as a radar station by the US forces. Some of the walls were destroyed to install the radar equipment, but they have been restored. Zakimi Castle and Okinawa's other castles were named World Heritage Sites by UNESCO in November 2000.

References[edit]

  • Motoo, Hinago (1986). Japanese Castles. Tokyo: Kodansha. p. 200 pages. ISBN 0-87011-766-1. 
  1. ^ "Gosamaru." Okinawa konpakuto jiten (沖縄コンパクト事典, "Okinawa Compact Encyclopedia"). Ryukyu Shimpo (琉球新報). 1 March 2003. Accessed 25 July 2009.

Coordinates: 26°24′30″N 127°44′31″E / 26.40833°N 127.74194°E / 26.40833; 127.74194