Zakir Garalov

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Zakir Bəkir oğlu Qaralov
Prosecutor General of Azerbaijan
Assumed office
26 April 2000[1]
Personal details
Born (1956-01-13) January 13, 1956 (age 61)
Dmanisi, Georgian SSR
Nationality Azerbaijani
Political party New Azerbaijan Party

Zakir Bakir oglu Garalov (Azerbaijani: Zakir Bəkir oğlu Qaralov) (born January 13, 1956), sometimes rendered Zakir Qaralov, is a Georgian-born Azerbaijani politician who is currently the Prosecutor General of Azerbaijan, an office equivalent to the attorney general in other countries. Garalov is a member of the ruling New Azerbaijan Party and has held his present office for 11 years. He formerly served as the chief prosecutor in Ganja. He is related to influential party official and longtime MP Zahid Garalov.[2]

Prosecutor General of Azerbaijan[edit]

In 2005, Garalov raised eyebrows when he accused the parliamentary opposition of collusion with Armenia and warned that Armenian-backed government opponents were plotting a revolution against President Ilham Aliyev's government.[3]

In his capacity as prosecutor general, Garalov defended the arrest of journalist Eynulla Fatullayev in 2007, alleging that his website threatened state-sponsored terrorism by Iran against Azerbaijani government buildings. He claimed that Fatullayev's detention and imprisonment should not be taken as signs that Azerbaijan does not uphold freedom of the press.[4]

Garalov benefited under a 2009 law that lifted restrictions on how many terms a prosecutor general could serve, as he was reappointed and confirmed to his current position in 2010, less than a year later.[1][5]

In 2011, Garalov said that his office would take action against government officials suspected of corruption and bribery. "In order to require the same attitudes from others and have the moral rights for investigation [of] corrupt officials' activity, we must start fighting against corruption from ourselves," he added, criticizing the "luxurious lifestyle" of some Azerbaijanis as evidence of corruption.[6]

After the outbreak of the 2011 protests against the Azerbaijani government, Garalov vowed to "suppress" the demonstrations and said that the experience of "other countries", presumably a reference to Egypt, Libya, and Tunisia, would not be repeated in Azerbaijan.[7] Ahead of a planned protest in mid-April, Garalov accused opposition leaders Ali Karimli and Isa Gambar with acting on orders from foreign governments and summoned both leaders for interrogation, after which they were released.[8]


  1. ^ a b "Azerbaijani MPs agreed on appointment of Zakir Garalov prosecutor general for third term". 27 April 2010. Retrieved 26 April 2011. 
  2. ^ "Azerbaijani Prosecutor-General Gets Third Term". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. 27 April 2010. Retrieved 26 April 2011. 
  4. ^ "Azerbaijani Prosecutor General comments on Eynulla Fetullayev's case". Azeri Press Agency. 31 May 2007. Retrieved 26 April 2011. 
  5. ^ "Zakir Garalov reacts to amendment about lifting of restriction on prosecutor general's term". Public Council on Human Rights. 1 October 2009. Retrieved 26 April 2011. 
  6. ^ "Zakir Garalov: "We must start fighting against corruption from ourselves"". Azeri Press Agency. 5 February 2011. Retrieved 26 April 2011. 
  7. ^ "Azerbaijan urged to stop targeting peaceful protesters". Amnesty International. 15 April 2011. Retrieved 24 April 2011. 
  8. ^ "Ali Karimli Interrogated For 8 Hours!". Azeri Report. 16 April 2011. Retrieved 26 April 2011.