Zakiur Rehman Lakhvi

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Zakiur Rehman Lakhvi
Lashkar-e-Taiba
LeaderLakshar-e-Taiba
Personal details
Born1960 (age 59–60)
Pakistan
CitizenshipPakistan

Zakiur Rehman Lakhvi[1] (born c. 1956) is a Pakistani Islamic militant and Islamist who is known as the top leader of the militant group Lashkar-e-Taiba and currently serves as Supreme Commander of operations in Kashmir and as a member of LeT's General Council. He is listed on India's NIA Most Wanted list.

A graduate of Jamia Mohammadia in Gujranwala, an Ahl-e-Hadith school, he has been considered by Amir Hamza, himself a co-founder of the LeT, as "the architect of Salafi jihad in Pakistan".[2] He has directed military actions in Afghanistan, Chechnya, Bosnia, Iraq and South-east Asia and is referred to as Chachu, or Uncle, by the young trainees.[3][4]

Early life and activities[edit]

Lakhvi was born in 1960 in the Okara district of Punjab, Pakistan.[5] Belonging to the Lakhokay (village) caste, his mother is Maulana Moeenuddin Lakhviʹs stepsister,[6] an Ahl-e-Hadith scholar and leader who passed away in 2011, at the age of 93.[7]

In 1982 he would participate in the Afghan Jihad, eventually becoming LeT's military chief.[8]

In 1999 at a three-day annual congregation held at Muridke, he explained the reason for fidayeen suicide squad missions in the aftermath of the Kargil War: "After the Pakistani withdrawal from Kargil and the Nawaz-Clinton statement in Washington, it was important to boost the morale of the Kashmiri people. These Fidayen missions were initiated to teach India a lesson as they were celebrating after the Kargil war."[9] He said that the next target would be New Delhi.[10]

In 2006, he asked LeT's members to begin training operatives for suicide bombings.[3] In the past, he told operatives to mount attacks in well-populated areas. Indian officials claim Lakhvi also oversaw Azam Cheema, who has been accused of being a leader in the 2006 bombing of the Mumbai rail network that killed more than 200 and left 700 injured.[3]

In May 2008, the US Treasury Department announced that it had frozen the assets of four Lashkar-e-Taiba leaders including Lakhvi.[4]

Involvement in November 2008 Mumbai Attacks[edit]

On December 3, 2008, Indian officials named him as one of four possible major planners behind the November 2008 Mumbai Attacks.[11] He reportedly offered to pay the family of Ajmal Kasab the sum of Rs.150,000 for his participation in the attacks.[12] On December 7, 2008 Pakistani armed forces arrested Lakhvi in a raid on an LeT training camp near Muzafarabad in Pakistani Kashmir.[13] He was among 12 people detained.[14] Pakistan confirmed the arrest but refused to hand over any of its citizens to Indian authorities.[15] Officials stated that any Pakistani citizen accused of involvement in the attack would be tried in Pakistan.[16]

On February 12, 2009 Rehman Malik, Interior Minister, stated that Lakhvi was still in custody and under investigation as the foremost mastermind behind the attacks.[17][18]

On 25 November 2009, a Pakistani anti-terrorism court formally charged seven suspects, including LeT commander Lakhvi, with planning and helping execute the Mumbai attacks, an action that came a day before the first anniversary of the brazen assault.[19]

On 18 December 2014, two days after the Peshawar school attack where 132 school children were massacred by Pakistani Taliban, the Pakistani anti-terrorism court granted bail to Lakhvi in Mumbai attacks case against payment of surety bonds worth Rs. 500,000.[20] On December 19, Lakhvi's bail was rejected by the high court.[21] Pakistan assured that Lakhvi was not released and was in jail.[22] The step was called 'positive' by Indian government.[23]

On January 7, 2015, Lakhvi's bail was rejected by the Supreme Court[24][25] and the case referred back to the high court, who reinstated the bail;[26] though he may still remain in jail for a month in a kidnapping case.[27][28][29] The surety bond required from Lakhvi has a value of US $2,300. Lakhvi was released from jail on bail on 10 April 2015.[30]

Relations with Pakistan army and ISI[edit]

It is said that both the Pakistan Army and the ISI are trying to ensure that crucial evidence against Lakhvi in the Mumbai terror attack case, most of which is available in Pakistan itself, is not presented before the court.[31][32] Some reports further say that the Pakistan Army and the ISI want Lakhvi out of jail at the earliest so that he can plan further attacks against India. During his stay in Adiala Jail Rawalpindi, he was provided access to a cellphone and permission to meet his close associates.[31][32][33]

According to the Deccan Herald, China has blocked the United Nations' attempts to place Lakhvi on its list of suspected terrorists whose financial assets should be frozen.[34]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Pakistan Court Adjourns Zaki-ur-Rehman Lakhvi Hearing as 'Judge on Leave'". NDTV.com. 26 March 2015.
  2. ^ The Herald, Volume 40, Issue 1
  3. ^ a b c Buncombe, Andrew (8 December 2008). "'Uncle' named as Mumbai terror conspirator". The Independent. Retrieved 17 December 2008.
  4. ^ a b "US freezes assets of Lashkar leaders". The Economic Times. 29 May 2008. Retrieved 27 January 2009.
  5. ^ Computational Analysis of Terrorist Groups: Lashkar-e-Taiba, Springer Science & Business Media, 2012, p. 31
  6. ^ Don Rassler, C. Christine Fair, Anirban Ghosh, Arif Jamal and Nadia Shoeb, The Fighters of Lashkar-e-Taiba: Recruitment, Training, Deployment and Death, Combatting Terrorism Center at West Point (2013) report, p. 23
  7. ^ PTI (10 December 2011), "Jamiat Ahl-e-Hadith leader Maulana Moeenuddin Lakhvi dies", Times of India. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  8. ^ Praveen Swami (12 December 2009), "Ties that bind: Lashkar and the global jihad", The Hindu. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  9. ^ "The Fidayen -- faithful to the death". Indian Express Newspapers (Bombay) Ltd. 12 November 1999. Retrieved 27 January 2009.
  10. ^ "Zaki-ur-Rehman Lakhvi, Ameer, Mujahideen-e-Lashker-e-Taiba". Archived from the original on 26 January 2000. Retrieved 27 January 2009.
  11. ^ Rondeaux, Candace (4 December 2008). "Rice Increases Pressure on Pakistan". Washington Post. Retrieved 4 December 2008.
  12. ^ Swami, Praveen (1 December 2008). "Pakistan now holds the key to probe: investigators". The Hindu. Retrieved 1 December 2008.
  13. ^ Singh, Harmeet Shah (8 December 2008). "Pakistan raids camp over Mumbai attacks". CNN. Retrieved 8 December 2008.
  14. ^ Ahmad, Munir (8 December 2008). "Pakistan arrests suspected Mumbai plotter". AP. Archived from the original on 10 December 2008. Retrieved 11 February 2016.
  15. ^ "Pakistan snubs India over arrests". BBC News. 9 December 2008. Retrieved 9 December 2008.
  16. ^ "Pakistan arrests Mumbai suspects". Al Jazeera. 10 December 2008. Retrieved 10 December 2008.
  17. ^ Masood, Salman (12 February 2009). "Pakistan Announces Arrests for Mumbai Attacks". New York Times. Retrieved 12 February 2009.
  18. ^ Haider, Kamran (12 February 2009). "Pakistan says it arrests Mumbai attack plotters". Reuters. Retrieved 12 February 2009.
  19. ^ "Pak anti-terror court declares Lakhvi as 26/11 mastermind". Express India. 25 November 2009. Retrieved 26 November 2009.
  20. ^ "ATC approves bail of Zakiur Rehman Lakhvi in Mumbai attacks case". Dawn News. 18 December 2014. Retrieved 18 December 2014.
  21. ^ "Government detains Zakiur rehman lakhvi under maintenance of public order". Express Tribune. 19 December 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
  22. ^ "Pakistan assures Lakhvi in jail". Zee news. 21 December 2014. Retrieved 21 December 2014.
  23. ^ "Ajit Doval terms detention of Zaki-ur-Rehman Lakhvi as 'positive'". Zee news. 20 December 2014. Retrieved 20 December 2014.
  24. ^ "26/11 mastermind Zakiur Rehman Lakhvi to remain in jail, Pakistan Supreme Court rejects bail order". Ibnlive. 7 January 2015. Retrieved 7 January 2015.
  25. ^ "26/11 plotter Zaki-ur-Rehman Lakhvi to remain in jail". Times of India. 7 January 2015. Retrieved 7 January 2015.
  26. ^ "Pak court grants bail to Mumbai terror attack accused Lakhvi". Yahoo! News. Yahoo!. Yahoo India. 9 January 2015. Retrieved 11 January 2015.
  27. ^ "Pakistan court grants bail to 26/11 mastermind Zakiur Rehman Lakhvi but he may stay in jail". CNN IBN. 9 January 2015. Retrieved 9 January 2015.
  28. ^ "Lakhvi gets bail, again". Dawn, Pakistan. Retrieved 9 January 2015.
  29. ^ "26/11 mastermind Zaki-ur-Rehman Lakhvi granted bail, but will remain in jail". Zee Media. 10 January 2015. Retrieved 10 January 2015.
  30. ^ "Mumbai attack suspect Lakhvi released on bail in Pakistan". BBC News. 10 April 2015. Retrieved 10 April 2015.
  31. ^ a b "'Pakistan Army and ISI want Lakhvi out'". The Asian Age.
  32. ^ a b Surabhi Malik, Prasad Sanyal (28 June 2012). "ISI destroyed 26/11 control room in Karachi after Zaki-ur Rehman Lakhvi's arrest: Abu Jundal". NDTV.com.
  33. ^ "Dawood Ibrahim protected by ISI, Lakhvi calls shots in LeT: Abdul Karim Tunda". Zee News.
  34. ^ Anirban Bhaumik (11 March 2019). "Uyghurs want India to call out "repressive" China". Deccan Herald. New Delhi. Retrieved 22 March 2019. If China is so serious about fighting terrorism that it puts thousands of Uyghurs under surveillance and “re-education camps”, why does it repeatedly block attempts at the United Nations to impose sanctions on the terrorists like Masood Azhar and Zak...