Zhalantun

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Zhalantun
扎兰屯市ᠵᠠᠯᠠᠨᠠᠢ᠌ᠯᠬᠣᠲᠠ
County-level city
Nickname(s): 塞北小江南 (Little Jiangnan of Saibei/Jiangnan beyond the Great Wall)
Zhalantun is located in Inner Mongolia
Zhalantun
Zhalantun
Location in Inner Mongolia
Coordinates: 48°00′N 122°47′E / 48.000°N 122.783°E / 48.000; 122.783Coordinates: 48°00′N 122°47′E / 48.000°N 122.783°E / 48.000; 122.783
Country China
Region Inner Mongolia
Prefecture-level city Hulunbuir
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 162650
Area code(s) 0470
Website www.zhalantun.gov.cn

Zhalantun (simplified Chinese: 扎兰屯; traditional Chinese: 扎蘭屯; pinyin: Zhālántún; Mongolian: ᠵᠠᠯᠠᠨ ᠠᠢ᠌ᠯ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ Жалан-Айл хот) or Zalantun (Manchu J̌alan Ai"l or Jalan Tun), is a city with an estimated population of 132,408 and administrative division of Hulunbuir Prefecture-level city, Inner Mongolia, China. It is in the northeastern part of Inner Mongolia, in the southeastern foothills of the Greater Khingan mountains. It is an area of considerable natural beauty, including forests and streams as well as the Yalu River, not to be confused with the Yalu River on the Sino-Korean border, and is known for its hunting and fishing.

History[edit]

Zhalantun was formerly known as Buteha (布特哈; Bùtèhā), and the city was made into an administrative centre in the Kangxi era. In 1929, Buteha was renamed as Yalu county (雅鲁县; Yǎlǔ Xiàn) because the Yalu River runs through it, but in 1933 it became the Zalantun Banner (扎兰屯旗; Zhālántún Qí). In 1983, Zalantun ceased to be a banner and became a part of Hulunbuir, remaining so today.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Zhalantun (1971–2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 4.3
(39.7)
10.2
(50.4)
22.1
(71.8)
30.7
(87.3)
38.0
(100.4)
39.5
(103.1)
38.7
(101.7)
35.2
(95.4)
31.8
(89.2)
29.7
(85.5)
15.8
(60.4)
5.9
(42.6)
39.5
(103.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) −17
(1)
−12.6
(9.3)
−4.5
(23.9)
5.4
(41.7)
13.7
(56.7)
19.0
(66.2)
21.4
(70.5)
19.3
(66.7)
12.6
(54.7)
3.7
(38.7)
−7.3
(18.9)
−14.9
(5.2)
3.23
(37.82)
Record low °C (°F) −34.7
(−30.5)
−31.3
(−24.3)
−26.7
(−16.1)
−14.2
(6.4)
−6.3
(20.7)
2.8
(37)
8.0
(46.4)
1.6
(34.9)
−5.7
(21.7)
−15.9
(3.4)
−25.3
(−13.5)
−34.5
(−30.1)
−34.7
(−30.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 1.1
(0.043)
1.2
(0.047)
3.2
(0.126)
17.1
(0.673)
32.9
(1.295)
95.5
(3.76)
162.0
(6.378)
116.4
(4.583)
51.4
(2.024)
18.5
(0.728)
3.9
(0.154)
2.4
(0.094)
505.6
(19.905)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 2.2 2.4 3.3 4.9 7.9 13.8 15.7 13.2 9.4 4.5 3.1 3.9 84.3
Source: Weather China

Economy[edit]

Zhalantun's economy is based primarily on tourism and agriculture, livestock and forestry. The Harbin-Manzhouli Railway traverses the district. It is rich in food grains, particularly wheat, soy and corn, as well as cattle, sheep, horse and other livestock. It has an industrial base in paper production, candy production, and wool. It has an annual average temperature of 2 °C and an average annual precipitation of 480mm. The northwest portion of the district consists of natural forests in the Greater Khingan mountains.

Transport[edit]

Zhalantun Chengjisihan Airport was opened in December 2016.[1]

References[edit]