Zambezia Province

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Coordinates: 17°0′S 37°0′E / 17.000°S 37.000°E / -17.000; 37.000

COSV - Mozambico 2010 - Distretti di Gilè e Pebane - Villaggio.jpg
Zambezia, Province of Mozambique
Zambezia, Province of Mozambique
 • Total103,478 km2 (39,953 sq mi)
 (2017 census)
 • Total5,110,787
 • Density49/km2 (130/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (CAT)
Postal code
Area code(s)(+258) 24
HDI (2019)0.426[1]
low · 9th of 11

Zambezia (Portuguese: Zambézia) is the second most-populous province of Mozambique, located in the central coastal region south-west of Nampula Province and north-east of Sofala Province. It has a population of 5.11 million, according to the 2017 census.[citation needed] The provincial capital is Quelimane.

Zambezia has a total area of 103,478 km2; much of it drained by the Zambezi River. Much of the coast consists of mangrove swamps, and there is considerable forest inland.

Agricultural products include rice, maize, cassava, cashews, sugarcane, soybeans, coconuts, citrus, cotton, and tea. The country's largest tea estates are at Gurúè, while Lioma is a centre of soybean production.[2] Fishing is especially productive of shrimp, and gemstones are mined at several sites.

Vasco da Gama landed at the site of Quelimane in 1498. Shortly after, the Portuguese established a permanent presence, and many moved up the Zambezi into the interior, for many years the farthest inland European presence (although over time there was much intermarrying, and few residents were of purely Portuguese descent).


Mount Ile, Zambezia

Zambezia Province is divided into the 16 districts of:

In addition, there is one municipality - the city of Quelimane - with an area of 117 km2 and 192,876 population.

The above district populations are from the provisional results of the September 2007 Census.


Chapel in Gurue
Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  2. ^ Di Matteo, Otsuki & Schoneveld (2016), p. 68.
  3. ^ Cameroon: Administrative Division population statistics


External links[edit]