Zamboanga del Norte

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Zamboanga del Norte
Province
Province of Zamboanga del Norte
Provincial Capitol in Dipolog City
Provincial Capitol in Dipolog City
Flag of Zamboanga del Norte
Flag
Official seal of Zamboanga del Norte
Seal
Location in the Philippines
Location in the Philippines
Coordinates: 8°08′00″N 123°00′00″E / 8.1333333°N 123°E / 8.1333333; 123Coordinates: 8°08′00″N 123°00′00″E / 8.1333333°N 123°E / 8.1333333; 123
Country Philippines
Region Zamboanga Peninsula (Region IX)
Founded June 23, 1635 and June 6, 1952
Capital Dipolog
Government
 • Type Sangguniang Panlalawigan
 • Governor Roberto Y. Uy (LP)
 • Vice Governor Senen O. Angeles (LP)
Area[1]
 • Total 7,301.00 km2 (2,818.93 sq mi)
Area rank 9th out of 81
Population (2015 census)[2]
 • Total 1,011,393
 • Rank 26th out of 81
 • Density 140/km2 (360/sq mi)
 • Density rank 60th out of 81
Divisions
 • Independent cities 0
 • Component cities
 • Municipalities
 • Barangays 691
 • Districts 3 districts of Zamboanga del Norte
Time zone PHT (UTC+8)
ZIP code 7100–7124
IDD : area code +63 (0)65
ISO 3166 code PH-ZAN
Spoken languages
Website www.zanorte.gov.ph

Zamboanga del Norte, officially the Province of Zamboanga del Norte, (Subanen: Utara Sembwangan, Cebuano: Amihanang Zamboanga, Zamboangueño:Provincia de Zamboanga del Norte) is a province in the Philippines situated within the Zamboanga Peninsula region in Mindanao. Its capital is Dipolog City and the province borders Zamboanga del Sur and Zamboanga Sibugay to the south, Misamis Occidental to the east, and the Sulu Sea to the west.

Zamboanga del Norte is the largest province of the Zamboanga Peninsula region by land area covering 7,301.00 square kilometres (2,818.93 sq mi).[1]

History[edit]

Further information: Zamboanga (province)
The historical province of Zamboanga in 1918

Prior to its creation as a province, Zamboanga del Norte formed the northern portion of the historical province of Zamboanga.

The early history of Zamboanga del Norte is shared with that of Zamboanga City, which had been the center of the entire Mindanao area, most notably during the American era. When Zamboanga City became a chartered city on October 12, 1936, it encompassed the southern tip of the Zamboanga Peninsula and the island of Basilan, making it the largest city in the world in terms of land area.

Through Republic Act No. 711 issued on June 6, 1952, Zamboanga province was divided into two independent provinces, which included Zamboanga del Sur.[3]

Geography[edit]

Dakak riverside in Dapitan City

Zamboanga del Norte covers a total area of 7,301.00 square kilometres (2,818.93 sq mi) [4]   occupying the northern portion of the Zamboanga Peninsula in western Mindanao. The province is bordered on the north and west by the Sulu Sea, on the northeast by Misamis Occidental, and on the south by Zamboanga del Sur and Zamboanga Sibugay.

It has an average elevation of 243.8 metres (800 ft), with Mount Dabiak in Katipunan as the highest peak at 2,600 metres (8,500 ft). Other parts, near the coastlines, are plains. The province's irregular coastline runs some 400 kilometres (250 mi) from north to south.

Climate[edit]

Zamboanga del Norte has a mild and moderate climate due to evenly distributed rainfall throughout the year. Its southern portion has a longer dry season.

Climate data for Zamboanga del Norte
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30.4
(86.7)
30.5
(86.9)
31.6
(88.9)
32.6
(90.7)
32.3
(90.1)
31.7
(89.1)
31.6
(88.9)
31.6
(88.9)
31.8
(89.2)
31.5
(88.7)
31.4
(88.5)
30.8
(87.4)
31.48
(88.67)
Average low °C (°F) 21.8
(71.2)
21.9
(71.4)
20.8
(69.4)
22.2
(72)
21.2
(70.2)
21.0
(69.8)
21.1
(70)
21.0
(69.8)
21.1
(70)
21.3
(70.3)
21.4
(70.5)
21.3
(70.3)
21.34
(70.41)
Average rainy days 15 10 8 7 10 17 16 16 14 16 17 16 162
Source: Storm247 [5]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Ph fil zamboanga del norte.png

Zamboanga del Norte comprises 25 municipalities and 2 cities. These are further subdivided into 691 barangays, and clustered into 3 congressional districts. [4]

Sibuco is the largest municipality by land area, constituting 10.72% (782.54 square kilometers) of the total provincial area. Sibutad is the smallest, with 0.90% (65.57 square kilometers). [4]

  •  †  Provincial capital and component city
  •  ∗  Component city
  •      Municipality

Government[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Population census of
Zamboanga del Norte
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 676,862 —    
1995 770,697 +2.46%
2000 823,130 +1.42%
2007 907,238 +1.35%
2010 957,997 +2.00%
2015 1,011,393 +1.04%
Source: National Statistics Office[2][6][6]

The population of Zamboanga del Norte in the 2015 census was 1,011,393 people,[2] with a density of 140 inhabitants per square kilometre or 360 inhabitants per square mile.

The main language spoken is Cebuano. Other languages include Suban-on, Tausug, Zamboangueño, Tagalog, Spanish, and English.

Religion[edit]

The predominant religion is Roman Catholicism with more than 40 percent adherence while Islam is a significant minority with about 10% adherence.[citation needed] There are also followers of other Christian religions such as Born-again Christians, Jehovah's Witnesses, Baptists, Iglesia Ni Cristo, Church of Christ of Latter Day Saints, Methodists and Seventh-day Adventist.

Officials[edit]

Members of the House of Representatives[edit]

  • 1st District: Rep. Seth Frederick "Bullet" P. Jalosjos
  • 2nd District: Rep. Glona Labadlabad
  • 3rd District: Rep. Isagani "Gani" S. Amatong

Governor[edit]

  • Roberto "Berto" Y. Uy

Vice Governor[edit]

  • Senen O. Angeles
Board Members

Economy[edit]

About half of the province's land area is devoted to agriculture. Corn, coconut, and rice are the major crops. The province being rich in marine and mineral sources, its fish production has accelerated through the development of fishponds. Commercial fishing has steadily increased through the years, with the yellow fin tuna as the primary species.

In 2006, a study by National Statistics Coordination Board (NSCB), found Zamboanga del Norte Province to be the Philippines' poorest province with a poverty incidence rate of 64.6%, an increase from 47% in year 2000 statistical figures.[7]

Despite of its rich and sea and land resources, it is still the poorest province incident rate of 64.6%. Large foreign mining companies operating within the province such as Canadian company TVI Resource Development and Philex Mining Corp. cause adverse effects to the culture and traditions of the indigenous Subanon and other poor settlers.[8][9][10]

See also: Canatuan mine

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "List of Provinces". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Archived from the original on January 21, 2013. Retrieved 8 August 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c d PSA; Census of Population (2015), "Region IX (ZAMBOANGA PENINSULA)", Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay, retrieved 20 June 2016 
  3. ^ "Republic Act No. 711 - An Act to Create The Provinces of Zamboanga del Norte and Zamboanga del Sur". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved 28 September 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c d e "Province: Zamboanga del Norte". PSA. Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 8 January 2016. 
  5. ^ "Weather forecast for Zamboanga del Norte, Philippines". Storm247.com. StormGeo AS, Nordre Nøstekaien 1, N-5011 Bergen, Norway: StormGeo AS. Retrieved 19 April 2016. 
  6. ^ a b c NSO; Census of Population and Housing (2010), "Region IX (ZAMBOANGA PENINSULA)", Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay, retrieved 29 June 2016 
  7. ^ "Ten poorest provinces in 2003". Press Release. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. 6 June 2006. Retrieved 27 October 2012. 
  8. ^ Olchondra, Riza T. (1 November 2011). "Open pit mine ban to hit TVI projects, Philex plan in Zamboanga Norte". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 19 April 2016. Zamboanga del Norte has issued an ordinance banning open-pit mining in the province, threatening projects of mining firms operating in the area, such as those of TVI Resource Development. 
  9. ^ Fiel, Tito N. (12 November 2011). "Zamboanga del Norte ban on open-pit mining stands". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Inquirer Mindanao. Retrieved 19 April 2016. The provincial government of Zamboanga del Norte stands fast on its ban on open-pit mining and will fight in court the Canadian-mining company TVI Resources’ efforts to have the ordinance declared unconstitutional. 
  10. ^ "TVI Pacific closes Zamboanga mine". ABS-CBN News. 21 January 2014. Retrieved 19 April 2016. 

External links[edit]