Zamboanga del Sur

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Zamboanga del Sur
Flag of Zamboanga del Sur
Official seal of Zamboanga del Sur
Map of the Philippines with Zamboanga del Sur highlighted
Map of the Philippines with Zamboanga del Sur highlighted
Coordinates: 07°50′N 123°15′E / 7.833°N 123.250°E / 7.833; 123.250Coordinates: 07°50′N 123°15′E / 7.833°N 123.250°E / 7.833; 123.250
Country Philippines
Region Zamboanga Peninsula (Region IX)
Founded June 6, 1952
Capital Pagadian City
 • Type Province of the Philippines
 • Governor Antonio Cerilles (NPC)
 • Vice Governor Juan Regala (NPC)
 • Total 4,499.46 km2 (1,737.25 sq mi)
Area rank 24th out of 81
  Excluding Zamboanga City
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 959,685
 • Rank 23rd out of 81
 • Density 210/km2 (550/sq mi)
 • Density rank 40th out of 81
  Excluding Zamboanga City
 • Independent cities 1
 • Component cities 1
 • Municipalities 26
 • Barangays 681
including independent cities: 779
 • Districts 1st and 2nd districts of Zamboanga del Sur
Time zone PHT (UTC+8)
ZIP code 7000 to 7043
Dialing code 62
ISO 3166 code PH-ZAS
Spoken languages Cebuano, Zamboangueño, Subanon, Tausug, Tagalog, English

Zamboanga del Sur (Cebuano: Habagatang Zamboanga; Chavacano: Provincia del Zamboanga del Sur; Tagalog: Timog Zamboanga; Subanen: S'helatan Sembwangan/Sembwangan dapit Shelatan) is a province of the Philippines located in the Zamboanga Peninsula region in Mindanao. Pagadian City is the capital. Zamboanga City is traditionally grouped with the province for historical and statistical purposes, but is actually independent from the province.

The province borders Zamboanga del Norte to the north, Zamboanga Sibugay to the west, Misamis Occidental to the northeast, and Lanao del Norte to the east. To the south is the Moro Gulf.


Zamboanga del Sur occupies the southern section of the Zamboanga peninsula that forms the western part of the Island of Mindanao. It is located at longitude 122° 30"" and latitude 7° 15"" north. It has a total land area of 449,946 hectares (1,111,840 acres). When Zamboanga City is included for statistical purposes, the province's land area is 591,416 hectares (1,461,420 acres).[1]

Stretching northward from Sibugay in the southwest and running along the northern boundary to Salug Valley in the east is the province’s mountainous countryside. The coastal plains extend regularly from south to west then spread into wide flat lands when reaching the coastal plains of the Baganian peninsula in the southeast.

The province has a relatively high mean annual rainfall: 1,599 to 3,500 millimetres (63.0 to 137.8 in). Temperature is relatively warm and constant throughout the year: 22 to 35 °C (72 to 95 °F).

The longest river in Region IX, the Sibugay River gets its water from the mountains of Zamboanga del Sur most specifically in Bayog and Lakewood, from where it flows into Sibugay Bay which is now part of Zamboanga Sibugay. Other notable rivers are the Kumalarang River, the Dinas River with its headwaters in the Mount Timolan Protected Landscape, and Salug River in Molave.


Political map of Zamboanga del Sur

Zamboanga del Sur is subdivided into 26 municipalities and 1 component city. These divisions are further subdivided into 681 barangays. The province comprises two congressional districts. Zamboanga City, although traditionally grouped with the province, is a highly urbanized city that is governed independently from the province.



Largest Barangays of Zamboanga del Sur[edit]

Barangay Municipality Population
Poblacion Margosatubig 13,773
Santo Niño Tukuran 7,747
Poblacion Pitogo 7,145
Poblacion Kumalarang 7,031
Poblacion Aurora 6,703
Poblacion Mahayag 5,758
Culo Molave 5,419
Madasigon Molave 5,138
Poblacion Lapuyan 5,125
Poblacion Tabina 5,100
Upper Pulacan Labangan 4,768
Poblacion Bayog 4,430
Poblacion Lakewood 4,318
Maloloy-on Molave 4,316
Poblacion Dimataling 4,182


Further information: Zamboanga (province)

The name of Zamboanga was derived from the Malay word "Jambangan", meaning a pot or place of flowers. The original inhabitants of the Zamboanga peninsula were the Subanens, who settled along the riverbanks. The next group of settlers to arrive were Muslim migrants from the neighboring provinces. The Maguindanaoans and Kalibugans were farmers; the Tausugs, Samals, and Badjaos were fishermen; and the Maranaos were traders and artisans. Mat weaving was the major occupation of the Muslim settlers.

Then came an exodus of migrants from nearby provinces. Historians say most of them came from the Visayas, Cebu, Bohol, Negros, and Siquijor. Together with the original settlers, these pioneers helped develop Zamboanga del Sur into the abundant and culturally diverse province that it is.

Historically, Zamboanga was the capital of the Moro Province presently known as Mindanao, which comprised five districts: Cotabato, Davao, Sulu, Lanao, and Zamboanga. In 1940, these districts became individual provinces. Zamboanga City became the capital of Zamboanga province. Soon after World War II, the provincial capital was transferred to Dipolog. Molave was created as the provincial capital in 1948.

Zamboanga del Sur was carved out from the former Zamboanga province that encompassed the entire peninsula in the southwestern Mindanao on June 6, 1952 by virtue of Republic Act 711.[3] As the 52nd province of the Philippines, it originally consisted of 11 towns, which were later expanded into 42 municipalities and one city, Pagadian, its capital.

Political developments in February 2001 saw another major change in the territorial jurisdiction of Zamboanga del Sur. Its inhabitants voted to create a new province out of the third congressional district, named Zamboanga Sibugay.



Population census of Zamboanga del Sur
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 695,741 —    
1995 766,918 +1.84%
2000 836,217 +1.87%
2007 914,278 +1.24%
2010 959,685 +1.78%
Excluding Zamboanga City
Source: National Statistics Office[2]

As of the 2010 census, Zamboanga del Sur had a population of 959,685,[2] making it the 23rd most populous province. The population density was 213.3/km², the 40th most densely populated province.


Roman Catholicism is the largest religion with about 80 percent of the population adherence while Islam is an important minority religion. Christian minorities are represented by Baptists, Methodists, Aglipayans, Church of Christ of Latter Day Saints, Iglesia Ni Cristo, Jehovah's Witnesses, Seventh-day Adventist and other Evangelical Christians.


The most commonly spoken language is Cebuano. Also spoken, although in small percentage, are Zamboangueño, Subanen, Hiligaynon, Maguindanao, Iranun, and Ilocano.


The economy is predominantly agricultural. Products include coco oil, livestock feed milling, rice/corn milling, including the processing of fruits, gifts and housewares made from indigenous materials like handmade paper, roots, rattan, buri, and bamboo; wood-based manufacture of furniture and furniture components from wood, rattan, and bamboo; marine and aquaculture including support services; construction services and manufacture of marble, concrete, and wooden construction materials. There are also mining areas in the province, such as found in the Municipality of Bayog managed by TVI, a Canadian-based mining firm which concentrates on gold mining, and the Cebu Ore Mining which is handling the Ore-Copper-Steel mines. There are also small-scale mines in the Municipality of Dumingag.




  1. ^ a b "List of Provinces". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 16 July 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c "Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities" (PDF). 2010 Census and Housing Population. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 27 October 2012. 
  3. ^ "REPUBLIC ACT NO. 711 REPUBLIC ACT NO. 711 - AN ACT TO CREATE THE PROVINCES OF ZAMBOANGA DEL NORTE AND ZAMBOANGA DEL SUR". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved 28 September 2013. 

External links[edit]