Zamboanga del Sur
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|Zamboanga del Sur|
Location in the Philippines
|Region||Zamboanga Peninsula (Region IX)|
|Founded||June 6, 1952|
|• Type||Province of the Philippines|
|• Governor||Antonio Cerilles (NPC)|
|• Vice Governor||Juan Regala (NPC)|
|• Total||4,499.46 km2 (1,737.25 sq mi)|
|Area rank||24th out of 81|
|Excluding Zamboanga City|
|• Rank||23rd out of 81|
|• Density||210/km2 (550/sq mi)|
|• Density rank||40th out of 81|
|Excluding Zamboanga City|
|• Independent cities||1|
|• Component cities||1|
including independent cities: 779
|• Districts||1st and 2nd districts of Zamboanga del Sur|
|Time zone||PHT (UTC+8)|
|ZIP code||7000 to 7043|
|ISO 3166 code||PH-ZAS|
|Spoken languages||Cebuano, Zamboangueño, Subanon, Tausug, Tagalog, English|
Zamboanga del Sur (Cebuano: Habagatang Zamboanga; Chavacano: Provincia del Zamboanga del Sur; Tagalog: Timog Zamboanga; Subanen: S'helatan Sembwangan/Sembwangan dapit Shelatan) is a province in the Philippines located in the Zamboanga Peninsula region in Mindanao. Its capital is the city of Pagadian. Situated within the Zamboanga del Sur is the highly-urbanized city of Zamboanga, which is governed independently from the province.
The name of Zamboanga was derived from the Malay word Jambangan, meaning a pot or place of flowers. The original inhabitants of the Zamboanga peninsula were the Subanens, who settled along the riverbanks. The next group of settlers to arrive were Muslim migrants from the neighboring provinces. The Maguindanaoans and Kalibugans were farmers; the Tausugs, Samals, and Badjaos were fishermen; and the Maranaos were traders and artisans. Mat weaving was the major occupation of the Muslim settlers.
Then came an exodus of migrants from nearby provinces. Historians say most of them came from the Visayas, Cebu, Bohol, Negros, and Siquijor. Together with the original settlers, these pioneers helped develop Zamboanga del Sur into the abundant and culturally diverse province that it is.
Historically, Zamboanga was the capital of the Moro Province presently known as Mindanao, which comprised five districts: Cotabato, Davao, Sulu, Lanao, and Zamboanga. In 1940, these districts became individual provinces. Zamboanga City became the capital of Zamboanga province. Soon after World War II, the provincial capital was transferred to Dipolog. Molave was created as the provincial capital in 1948.
Zamboanga del Sur was carved out from the former Zamboanga province that encompassed the entire peninsula in the southwestern Mindanao on June 6, 1952 by virtue of Republic Act 711. As the 52nd province of the Philippines, it originally consisted of 11 towns, which were later expanded into 42 municipalities and one city, Pagadian, its capital.
Political developments in February 2001 saw another major change in the territorial jurisdiction of Zamboanga del Sur. Its inhabitants voted to create a new province out of the third congressional district, named Zamboanga Sibugay.
Zamboanga del Sur occupies the southern section of the Zamboanga peninsula that forms the western part of the Island of Mindanao. It is located at longitude 122° 30"" and latitude 7° 15"" north. It has a total land area of 449,946 hectares (1,111,840 acres). When Zamboanga City is included for statistical purposes, the province's land area is 591,416 hectares (1,461,420 acres).
Stretching northward from Sibugay in the southwest and running along the northern boundary to Salug Valley in the east is the province’s mountainous countryside. The coastal plains extend regularly from south to west then spread into wide flat lands when reaching the coastal plains of the Baganian peninsula in the southeast.
The province has a relatively high mean annual rainfall: 1,599 to 3,500 millimetres (63.0 to 137.8 in). Temperature is relatively warm and constant throughout the year: 22 to 35 °C (72 to 95 °F).
The longest river in Region IX, the Sibugay River gets its water from the mountains of Zamboanga del Sur most specifically in Bayog and Lakewood, from where it flows into Sibugay Bay which is now part of Zamboanga Sibugay. Other notable rivers are the Kumalarang River, the Dinas River with its headwaters in the Mount Timolan Protected Landscape, and Salug River in Molave.
Zamboanga del Sur is divided into 26 municipalities and 1 component city. These divisions are further subdivided into 681 barangays. The province comprises two congressional districts. Traditionally grouped with Zamboanga del Sur is the highly urbanized city of Zamboanga, which is administratively independent from the province.
|Population census of
Zamboanga del Sur
|Excluding Zamboanga City
Source: National Statistics Office
As of the 2010 census, Zamboanga del Sur had a population of 959,685, making it the 23rd most populous province. The population density was 213.3/km², the 40th most densely populated province.
Roman Catholicism is the largest religion with about 80 percent of the population adherence while Islam is an important minority religion. Christian minorities are represented by Baptists, Methodists, Aglipayans, Church of Christ of Latter Day Saints, Iglesia Ni Cristo, Jehovah's Witnesses, Seventh-day Adventist and other Evangelical Christians.
The economy is predominantly agricultural. Products include coco oil, livestock feed milling, rice/corn milling, including the processing of fruits, gifts and housewares made from indigenous materials like handmade paper, roots, rattan, buri, and bamboo; wood-based manufacture of furniture and furniture components from wood, rattan, and bamboo; marine and aquaculture including support services; construction services and manufacture of marble, concrete, and wooden construction materials. There are also mining areas in the province, such as found in the Municipality of Bayog managed by TVI, a Canadian-based mining firm which concentrates on gold mining, and the Cebu Ore Mining which is handling the Ore-Copper-Steel mines. There are also small-scale mines in the Municipality of Dumingag.
- "List of Provinces". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 16 July 2014.
- "Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities" (PDF). 2010 Census and Housing Population. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 27 October 2012.
- "Republic Act No. 711 - An Act to Create the Provinces of Zamboanga del Norte and Zamboanga del Sur". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved 28 September 2013.
- "Republic Act No. 8973; An Act Creating the Province of Zamboanga Sibugay from the Province of Zamboanga del Sur and for Other Purposes" (PDF). House of Representatives of the Philippines. Retrieved 13 January 2016.
- "Province: Zamboanga del Sur". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority - National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 14 January 2016.
- "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010 (Zamboanga Peninsula)" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 14 January 2016.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Zamboanga del Sur.|
- Geographic data related to Zamboanga del Sur at OpenStreetMap
- Official website of Zamboanga del Sur
- Daily Zamboanga Times
||Zamboanga del Norte||Misamis Occidental|
|Zamboanga Sibugay||Lanao del Norte|
|Moro Gulf||Illana Bay|