Zambry Abdul Kadir

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Yang Berhormat Dato' Seri DiRaja Dr.
Zambry Abdul Kadir
Zambry Abdul Kadir.jpg
11th Menteri Besar of Perak
In office
12 May 2009 – 12 May 2018
Monarch Sultan Azlan Shah (2009–2014)
Nazrin Shah of Perak (2014–)
Preceded by Mohammad Nizar Jamaluddin
Succeeded by Ahmad Faizal Azumu
Member of the Perak State Assembly
for Pangkor
Assumed office
4 March 2004
Preceded by Mohamad Wajdi Ishak (UMNO-BN)
Personal details
Born Zambry bin Abdul Kadir
(1962-03-22) 22 March 1962 (age 56)
Pangkor Island, Perak, Federation of Malaya (now Malaysia)
Citizenship Malaysian
Political party Barisan Nasional (UMNO)
Spouse(s) Saripah Zulkifli
Children 3 daughters (Husna, Huda, Syifa), 2 sons (Munir, Mukhlis)
Residence Kampung Masjid, Pulau Pangkor, Perak
Alma mater International Islamic University Malaysia
Temple University
Occupation Politician

Dato' Seri DiRaja Dr. Zambry bin Abdul Kadir (born 22 March 1962) is a Malaysian politician from the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO), the leading party in the previous ruling Barisan Nasional (BN) coalition. He was the Menteri Besar of Perak from 2009 to 2018.

Personal life[edit]

Dr. Zambry was born on March 22, 1962 in Pulau Pangkor, a fisherman island in the state of Perak, Malaysia. He was appointed as the Chief Minister on Feb 6, 2009. He is the 11th Chief Minister for the state.

He is married to Saripah Zulkifli and parents to three girls and two boys—Husna, Huda, Syifa, Munir and the youngest Mukhlis.


Dr. Zambry obtained his early education in Pangkor Island and secondary schools in Sitiawan (SMK Sitiawan) before continuing his upper secondary education at Sekolah Menengah Bukit Gantang, Parit Buntar, Perak, a high school located in the mainland.

He holds a PhD in Political Thoughts with distinction from the Temple University Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States (1995), after completing his master's degree in Political Philosophy and Comparative Religion from the same university in 1993.

The Perak 11th Chief Minister also holds another master's degree in Islamic Thoughts from the International Islamic University Malaysia in 1991, after completing his first degree, B.Econ (Hon) in Economics from the same institution. Dr. Zambry recently attended a two-week Executive Leadership Development Programme entitled “Leaders in Development – Managing Change in a Dynamic World", at Harvard University, USA (Jun 2015).

Year Institutions Fields
1987 International Islamic University Malaysia[1] B.Econs (Hons)
1991 International Islamic University Malaysia M.A (Islamic Thought)
1992 Temple University, United States M.A (Political Philosophy and Comparative Religion)
1995 Temple University, United States PhD (Political Thought) (Distinction)

Field Of Expertise And Professional Experience[edit]

Dr. Zambry specializes in the field of academics – political economy, political thoughts, South East Asia Contemporary Politics, Malaysian Political and Islamic Political Thoughts. He is also an experienced administrator as he had personal experiences in managing a university, a think tank and a consultancy organization, besides running political offices.

Other experiences include; being the Assistant Professor for the Political Science Department (UIAM) up until Aug 2000, Executive Director of Center For Leadership & Development Studies (CELDES) 1996 - August 2000, Head of the Consultation Panel of the National Social Service for the Ministry Youth and Sports in 1997, Chairman of the Malaysian Muslim Students Association, United States (1994-1995), Intellectual Guest for a program organized by the Japanese Government (2002), Nurul Yakin Foundation Director (1996-1997), Founder and Director of UMNO Youth Academy (1998-2000) and Managing Director of INMIND Institute (2000-2004).

Dr. Zambry has recently been appointed as the Adjunct Professor at the Department of Political Science, Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM) effective from November 1, 2015 until October 31, 2017.

Political career[edit]

Dr. Zambry became actively involved in politics in 1995, soon after his return from the United States.

He started his political journey in UMNO as the Pangkor UMNO Branch Chief before being elected as Lumut UMNO Youth Division Chief. He later won a seat as the executive council member at the National UMNO Youth before being appointed as the State UMNO Youth Chief.

In 2004 General Election, he stood and won the Perak State Legislative Assembly seat for Pangkor and returned as incumbent in 2008 and 2013 General Election. He is holding the seat as a Pangkor State Assemblyman for the third term and second term as the Chief Minister of Perak.

Currently, Dr. Zambry is the head of Perak UMNO and Lumut UMNO division chief. He also had his share of political bitterness when he was detained under the Internal Security Act (ISA) in 1998.

Perak Constitutional Crisis[edit]

A member of the Perak state legislative assembly, Zambry a key player in the 2009 Perak constitutional crisis as the intended BN Menteri Besar. After three state assemblypersons from the Pakatan Rakyat coalition announced their intention to support a BN candidate for Menteri Besar, and to lend their support to a vote of no confidence in the incumbent Pakatan Rakyat Menteri Besar Mohammad Nizar Jamaluddin, Sultan Azlan Shah of Perak requested Nizar's resignation and swore in Zambry as the new Menteri Besar on 6 February 2009. Zambry acted as Menteri Besar for about three months. However, Nizar maintained that the Sultan was not permitted by the state constitution to dismiss him as the Menteri Besar, and on 11 May 2009, the Kuala Lumpur High Court ruled that Nizar had always been the rightful Menteri Besar of Perak.[2] To maintain administrative continuity, Nizar tentatively endorsed most of Zambry's policies, subject to later review, but reinstated the 817 village development and security committees and 318 local government councillors whom Zambry had sacked.[3] However, the following day, the Court of Appeal granted a stay of the High Court judgment, and Zambry returned to work.

On May, 22nd Court of Appeal in a unanimous decision, declared Datuk Seri Dr Zambry Abdul Kadir as the rightful menteri besar of Perak. The court held that the order made by the High Court on 11 May, in declaring Datuk Seri Mohammad Nizar Jamaluddin as the legitimate menteri besar, was wrong and set aside that decision. Justice Md Raus, in his oral judgement, also held that the Sultan of Perak, Sultan Azlan Shah, was right in appointing Zambry as the new menteri besar, under Article 16(2) of the Perak Constitution, after being satisfied that Zambry had the command of the majority of the state legislative assembly.[4][5]


As an academician, Dr. Zambry is an avid writer, since his student days. He writes essays, poetries and numerous editorials in both local and international media.

He has written hundreds of essays for local media and publications namely Utusan Malaysia, Berita Harian, Dewan Masyarakat, Dewan Budaya, Dakwah, Risalah, Al-Islam, Mastika, and PEMIKIR, besides books and journals. He is known to be the source for comment regarding local, regional and global issues.

Among the books he wrote were UMNO dan Jiwa Merdeka (CELDES KL 1998), Pemuda UMNO Menebus Maruah, Menuju Arah (May, 2000) and Islam Malaysia & Amerika. His poems were compiled in an anthology in a book entitled Suara Pelaut (The Voice of a Seaman).

He has also produced numerous academic papers in magazines and journals. Among them were Politics In Malaysia, A Changing Scenario (2000), Belia dan Cabaran Politik Pascakolonial (1999) and he is also a contributor to Encyclopedia of Malaysiana (1998).

For his vast experience and knowledge in the field of economics, politics and Islamic Political Thoughts, Dr. Zambry was appointed as a visiting professor at Institut Agama Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Qasim, Pekan Baru, Indonesia which is later known as The Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim, Riau, Indonesia (1997-1998).

Dr. Zambry is also an experienced editor. He edited publications on Education and Development for Nurin Enterprise, K.L (1980), served as the Editor for Business Administration in Islam, Hizbi (1991), editor for Memperkasa Kepimpinan Merentas Masa Depan, CELDES, KL (1991).

He was also the Editorial Chief for Imbas Gemilang KBS 1998, a publication for the Ministry of Youth and Sports.

Besides editing and writing, Dr. Zambry is also an accomplished translator. Among his translation works are Faces of Islam (Berita Publishing, 1990), Qur'anic Sciences (Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, 1991) and Islamic Legal Philosophy (Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, Oktober, 2000).

Despite his heavy schedule, Dr. Zambry still finds time to indulge in reading his favourite books. Among his latest pick were Too Many Bosses Too Few Leaders by Rajeev Peshawaria, Focus: The Hidden Driver of Excellence by Daniel Goleman, Political Philosophy: A Historical Introduction by Michael J. White, The Price of Inequality and Creating A Learning Society by Joseph E. Stiglitz.

Awards And Recognitions[edit]

Dr. Zambry was bestowed several awards and received numerous recognition for his works and contributions both locally and internationally. For his service to the state and the nation, Dr. Zambry received several awards including the DARJAH KEBESARAN SERI PADUKA SULTAN AZLAN SHAH PERAK YANG AMAT DIMULIA (S.P.S.A.) a special award that carries the title of "Dato' Seri DiRaja". Other awards include GRAND COMMANDERS SERI PADUKA MAHKOTA PERAK (S.P.M.P.) an award conferred on those who have contributed excellent service to the State over a period of time and have held positions of great influence and responsibility, DARJAH GEMILANG SERI MELAKA (DGSM) award, from the state of Malacca, COMMANDERS DATO' PADUKA MAHKOTA PERAK ( D.P.M.P. ) and MEMBER OF THE CROWN OF SELANGOR (AMS) from the Selangor state.

Being born on a small island close to the Malaysian Royal Navy based in Lumut, Dr. Zambry has a special rapport with the Malaysian Navy. As testament to the special camaraderie, the Malaysian of Armed Forces Council has conferred him with the Honorary First Admiral status in 2010. Earlier, in 2005, he was bestowed the Royal Malaysian Navy Honorary Commander status by His Royal Highness Yang DiPertuan Agong. He is the first politician to have received such an honour.

On December 4, 2014, His Royal Highness Yang DiPertuan Agong XIV has bestowed the Pahlawan Angkatan Tentera (P.A.T.) which is the third highest honorary in the Malaysian Arm Forces, to Dr. Zambry.

In 2012, he received the TUAN PADUKA SUTTAN JAYANEGARA medal from the Governor of Lampung, a province in Indonesia. He became the first foreign dignitary to have received such prestigious award.

Among the highest is the [6] (GIFA 2014) in Dubai, United Arab Emirates last year. The special award was presented to him as an exemplary leader in eradicating poverty in the state by setting up Yayasan Bina Upaya Darul Ridzuan (YBUDR). GIFA is one of the most prestigious awards in the Islamic finance services industry where awards given to individuals and organisations selected for success and best practices in the Islamic finance sector.

The City of Sarajevo has also conferred Dr. Zambry with Medallion of the City of Sarajevo, presented to him by the Mayor of Sarajevo, Dr. Ivo Komsic on Oct 26, 2014. The medallion was presented to him as a symbol of gratitude for his commitment and support towards the development of economy, trade and entrepreneurship as well as encouraging investment environment in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina and the region.

In 2013 Dr. Zambry received The Crane Summit Supreme Honour Crown Medallion Award by World Academy of Arts & Culture (WAAC) in conjunction with the 33rd World Poet Congress held in Pangkor Island, Perak, Malaysia.

To date, only three other world leaders received such an honour. They were the President of India Dr. Abdul Kalam (2006), former Slovakia President Dr. Micheal Kovac (2008) and former Czech Republic President (2009).

WAAC also awarded Dr. Zambry with honorary Doctorate of Literature for his contribution in literature.

In 2010, Dr. Zambry received an honorary Doctorate in Fisheries Science from the National University of Pukyong Korea for his aspiration and commitment to fishermen. As a son of a fisherman and being born and bred on an island, the award is also an acknowledgement for his contribution to the fishing industry and restructuring fishing community in his hometown.

Among other forms of recognition received were the WAMY Awards conferred during the first UIA Convocation (1987), National Award (First Place) in 1986 and National Award (Second Place) for Essay Writings (1982).

Dr. Zambry has also been appointed as the Council President of St. John Ambulance of Malaysia, State of Perak Darul Ridzuan effective from March 12, 2014 to March 11, 2017 by the St. John Ambulance of Malaysia National President, Dato’ Seri Mohd Najib Tun Razak.

The Executive Committee of Crane Summit 21st Century International Forum has once again, honoured Dr. Zambry with one of their most prestigious awards for the latter’s contribution to poetry, peace and co-operation between countries. The Honorary Gavel of the 35th World Congress of Poets Award was presented to him on November 6, 2015 held in Hualien, Taiwan, R.O.C., in honour of Dr. Zambry’s eminent leadership and noble contribution to the promotion of world peace through arts and culture.

In the same year, the Universal Peace Federation has recognized Dr. Zambry as the Ambassador for Peace, for his efforts and dedication to promote universal moral values, interreligious cooperation, international harmony, a responsible public media and the establishment of a culture of peace, transcending racial, national and religious barriers.

The Federation of Gulf Cooperation Council Chambers (FGCCC) and the American Leadership Development Association (ALDA) has named Perak, under the leadership of Dr. Zambry, as the Most Promising State for International Investment during the 6th Middle East Business Leaders Awards Presentation Ceremony held in November 2015 in Dubai. The award was presented in recognition of the state’s achievements in the commerce and investment sectors in the region.

0n Feb 16, 2016, Prof Abul Hasan M. Sadeq, Vice Chancellor of Asian University of Bangladesh has presented Dr. Zambry with a special award as recognition for his tireless efforts in eradication poverty in the state of Perak. The Award of Meritorius Distinction for Leadership in Eradicating Poverty was presented for his leadership in carrying out numerous initiatives under the Yayasan Bina Upaya (YBU), a state agency inspired by Dr Zambry.

Election results[edit]

Perak State Legislative Assembly[7][8][9][10][11][12][13]
Year Constituency Votes Pct Opponent(s) Votes Pct Ballots cast Majority Turnout
2004 N52 Pangkor, P74 Lumut Zambry Abdul Kadir (UMNO) 8,349 50.00% Suwardi Sapuan (PKR) 2,680 16.04% 16,712 5,669 80.15%
Mohd Ishak Mohd Som (IND) 117 0.70%
2008 Zambry Abdul Kadir (UMNO) 10,906 57.11% Pkhrazi @ Pakhrazi Musa (PKR) 5,121 26.82% 19,097 5,785 84.60%
2013 Zambry Abdul Kadir (UMNO) 12,291 61.95% Mohd Saifullah Mohd Zulkifli (PKR) 7,167 36.12% 19,840 5,124 83.30%
Bernard Parenpa A/L John Parenpa Pall Raj (IND) 51 0.26%
2018 Zambry Abdul Kadir (UMNO) 8,378 33.80% Nordin Ahmad Ismail (PPBM) 6,752 27.30% 19,547 1,626 79.00%
Zainal Abidin Saad Ibrahim (PAS) 3,638 14.70%
Parliament of Malaysia[12][13]
Year Constituency Votes Pct Opponent(s) Votes Pct Ballots cast Majority Turnout
2018 P74 Lumut, Perak Zambry Abdul Kadir (UMNO) 21,555 40.18% Mohd Hatta Ramli (AMANAH) 21,955 40.93% 53645 400 81.96%
Mohammed Zamri Ibrahim (PAS) 10,135 18.89%


  1. ^ ^ Abdul Kadir, Zambry (22 November 2009). . Retrieved 22 November 2009.
  2. ^ Yatim, Hafiz (11 May 2009). "Court rules Nizar is legitimate MB". Malaysiakini. Retrieved 11 May 2009. 
  3. ^ Ong, Andrew (12 May 2009). "Perak MB suspends state secretary, legal advisor". Malaysiakini. Retrieved 12 May 2009. 
  4. ^ Zahiid, Syed Jaymal (13 May 2009). "Zambry resumes duty, but as what?". The Malaysian Insider. Retrieved 13 May 2009. 
  5. ^ Sin Chew (22 May 2009). "Zambry rightful menteri besar, rules appeal court". Sin Chew Daily. Sin Chew Daily. Retrieved 22 May 2009. 
  6. ^
  7. ^ "Keputusan Pilihan Raya Umum Parlimen/Dewan Undangan Negeri" (in Malay). Election Commission of Malaysia. Retrieved 11 July 2010.  Percentage figures based on total turnout.
  8. ^ "Malaysia General Election". undiinfo Malaysian Election Data. Malaysiakini. Retrieved 4 February 2017.  Results only available from the 2004 election.
  9. ^ "KEPUTUSAN PILIHAN RAYA UMUM 13". Sistem Pengurusan Maklumat Pilihan Raya Umum (in Malay). Election Commission of Malaysia. Retrieved 5 May 2013.  Results only available for the 2013 election.
  10. ^ "my undi : Kawasan & Calon-Calon PRU13 : Keputusan PRU13 (Archived copy)". Archived from the original on 30 March 2014. Retrieved 9 April 2014. 
  11. ^ "Keputusan Pilihan Raya Umum ke-13". Utusan Malaysia. Retrieved 26 October 2014. 
  12. ^ a b "SEMAKAN KEPUTUSAN PILIHAN RAYA UMUM KE - 14" (in Malay). Election Commission of Malaysia. Retrieved 17 May 2018.  Percentage figures based on total turnout.
  13. ^ a b "The Star Online GE14". The Star. Retrieved 24 May 2018.  Percentage figures based on total turnout.