Ricardo Zamora Trophy

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Catalan goalkeeper Ricardo Zamora Martínez is the trophy's namesake.
Ricardo Zamora, with two Argentinian goalkeepers on the cover of El Gráfico in 1926

The Zamora Trophy (Spanish: Trofeo Ricardo Zamora) is a football award, established by Spanish newspaper MARCA in 1958. The award goes to the goalkeeper who has the lowest "goals-to-games" ratio.[1]

In the inaugural year of the award, the winning goalkeeper had to play at least 15 league matches in the current season. In 1964, the limit for matches a goalkeeper had to play was raised to 22. In 1983, it was raised to 28 matches, including the rule that the goalkeeper had to play at least 60 minutes in match for it to count.

In the last couple of years the list of goalkeepers who would have won the trophy prior to 1958 has been published. For these seasons, a limit of matches that the goalkeeper had to play has been applied. For the leagues with only 10 teams the limit of matches was 14, for those of 12 teams it was 17 and for those of 14 the limit was 20 matches. For those leagues of 16 teams it is 22 - as originally established for the trophy from 1964 to 1983.

Rules[edit]

  • For a goalkeeper to be eligible for the trophy he should play at least 28 games, considered calculable, during the league season. For a match to be considered calculable the goalkeeper should play, at least, 60 minutes of said match.
  • The winner shall be the goalkeeper who has the lowest coefficient, worked out to the second decimal place (hundredths). This is calculated by dividing all goals conceded in the league (including those matches which aren't calculable i.e. those in which the goalkeeper has played less than 60 minutes) by the total number of calculable matches.
  • The trophy can be won by more than one goalkeeper if they have the same coefficient. In which case each goalkeeper shall be awarded a trophy.
  • Each week MARCA shall publish a provisional league table. Until one or more goalkeepers reach the 28 calculable matches the league table shall reward those goalkeepers who have played the most calculable matches, and within those, the one who has the lowest coefficient.

Primera División[edit]

Winners[edit]

Season Player Team Games played Goals conceded Coefficient
1929 Spain Ricardo Zamora Espanyol 15 24 1.60
1929–30 Spain Gregorio Blasco Athletic Bilbao 15 20 1.33
1930–31 Spain Tomás Zarraonaindia Arenas Getxo 14 27 1.92
1931–32 Second Spanish Republic Ricardo Zamora Real Madrid 17 15 0.88
1932–33 Second Spanish Republic Ricardo Zamora Real Madrid 18 17 0.94
1933–34 Second Spanish Republic Gregorio Blasco Athletic Bilbao 14 21 1.50
1934–35 Second Spanish Republic Joaquín Urquiaga Real Betis 21 19 0.90
1935–36 Second Spanish Republic Gregorio Blasco Athletic Bilbao 21 30 1.47
From 1936-1939 no league matches were played due to the Spanish Civil War.
1939–40 Francoist Spain Fernando Tabales Atlético Madrid 21 29 1.38
1940–41 Francoist Spain José María Echevarría Athletic Bilbao 18 21 1.16
1941–42 Francoist Spain Juan Acuña Deportivo La Coruña 26 37 1.42
1942–43 Francoist Spain Juan Acuña Deportivo La Coruña 25 31 1.24
1943–44 Francoist Spain Ignacio Eizaguirre Valencia 26 32 1.23
1944–45 Francoist Spain Ignacio Eizaguirre Valencia 22 28 1.27
1945–46 Francoist Spain José Bañón Real Madrid 25 29 1.16
1946–47 Francoist Spain Raimundo Lezama Athletic Bilbao 23 29 1.26
1947–48 Francoist Spain Juan Velasco Barcelona 26 31 1.19
1948–49 France Marcel Domingo Atlético Madrid 24 28 1.16
1949–50 Francoist Spain Juan Acuña Deportivo La Coruña 22 29 1.31
1950–51 Francoist Spain Juan Acuña Deportivo La Coruña 26 36 1.38
1951–52 Francoist Spain Antoni Ramallets Barcelona 28 40 1.42
1952–53 France Marcel Domingo Espanyol 27 34 1.25
1953–54 Francoist Spain Juan Ignacio Otero Deportivo La Coruña 25 35 1.40
1954–55 Francoist Spain Juan Alonso Real Madrid 24 24 1.00
1955–56 Francoist Spain Antoni Ramallets Barcelona 29 24 0.82
1956–57 Francoist Spain Antoni Ramallets Barcelona 29 35 1.20
1957–58 Francoist Spain Gregorio Vergel Valencia 28 28 1.00
1958–59 Francoist Spain Antoni Ramallets Barcelona 28 23 0.82
1959–60 Francoist Spain Antoni Ramallets Barcelona 27 24 0.88
1960–61 Francoist Spain José Vicente Train Real Madrid 30 25 0.83
1961–62 Francoist Spain José Araquistáin Real Madrid 25 19 0.76
1962–63 Francoist Spain José Vicente Train Real Madrid 27 26 0.96
1963–64 Francoist Spain José Vicente Train Real Madrid 15 10 0.66
1964–65 Francoist Spain Antonio Betancort Real Madrid 24 15 0.62
1965–66 Francoist Spain José Manuel Pesudo Barcelona 22 15 0.68
1966–67 Francoist Spain Antonio Betancort Real Madrid 22 15 0.68
1967–68 Francoist Spain Andrés Junquera Real Madrid 22 19 0.86
1968–69 Francoist Spain Salvador Sadurní Barcelona 30 18 0.60
1969–70 Francoist Spain José Ángel Iribar Athletic Bilbao 30 20 0.66
1970–71[2] Francoist Spain Angel Abelardo Valencia 30 19 0.63
1971–72 Francoist Spain Juan Antonio Deusto Málaga 28 17 0.60
1972–73[2] Francoist Spain Miguel Reina Barcelona 34 21 0.66
1973–74 Francoist Spain Salvador Sadurní Barcelona 30 22 0.73
1974–75 Francoist Spain Salvador Sadurní Barcelona 24 19 0.79
1975–76 Francoist Spain Miguel Ángel González Real Madrid 32 23 0.71
1976–77 Francoist Spain Miguel Reina Atlético Madrid 30 29 0.96
1977–78 Francoist Spain Pedro María Artola Barcelona 28 23 0.82
1978–79 Francoist Spain José Luis Manzanedo Valencia 25 26 1.04
1979–80 Francoist Spain Luis Arconada Real Sociedad 34 20 0.59
1980–81 Francoist Spain Luis Arconada Real Sociedad 34 29 0.85
1981–82 Spain Luis Arconada Real Sociedad 34 33 0.97
1982–83 Spain Agustín Rodríguez Real Madrid 29 22 0.75
1983–84 Spain Javier Urruticoechea Barcelona 33 26 0.78
1984–85 Spain Juan Carlos Ablanedo Sporting Gijón 33 22 0.66
1985–86 Spain Juan Carlos Ablanedo Sporting Gijón 34 27 0.79
1986–87 Spain Andoni Zubizarreta Barcelona 43 29 0.67
1987–88 Spain Francisco Buyo Real Madrid 35 23 0.65
1988–89 Spain José Manuel Ochotorena Valencia 37 25 0.67
1989–90 Spain Juan Carlos Ablanedo Sporting Gijón 31 25 0.80
1990–91 Spain Abel Resino Atlético Madrid 33 17 0.51
1991–92 Spain Francisco Buyo Real Madrid 35 27 0.77
1992–93[3] Spain Francisco Liaño Deportivo La Coruña 37 31 0.83
Spain Santiago Cañizares Celta Vigo 36 30 0.83
1993–94 Spain Francisco Liaño Deportivo La Coruña 38 18 0.47
1994–95 Spain Pedro Jaro Real Betis 38 25 0.65
1995–96 Spain José Francisco Molina Atlético Madrid 42 32 0.76
1996–97 Cameroon Jacques Songo'o Deportivo La Coruña 37 28 0.76
1997–98 Spain Toni Jiménez Espanyol 37 31 0.84
1998–99 Argentina Carlos Roa Mallorca 35 29 0.83
1999–2000 Argentina Martín Herrera Alavés 38 37 0.97
2000–01 Spain Santiago Cañizares Valencia 37 34 0.92
2001–02 Spain Santiago Cañizares Valencia 31 23 0.74
2002–03 Argentina Pablo Cavallero Celta Vigo 34 27 0.79
2003–04 Spain Santiago Cañizares Valencia 37 25 0.68
2004–05 Spain Víctor Valdés Barcelona 35 25 0.71
2005–06 Spain José Pinto Celta Vigo 36 28 0.78
2006–07 Argentina Roberto Abbondanzieri Getafe 37 30 0.81
2007–08 Spain Iker Casillas Real Madrid 36 32 0.89
2008–09 Spain Víctor Valdés Barcelona 35 31 0.89
2009–10 Spain Víctor Valdés Barcelona 38 24 0.63
2010–11 Spain Víctor Valdés Barcelona 32 16 0.50
2011–12 Spain Víctor Valdés Barcelona 35 28 0.80
2012–13 Belgium Thibaut Courtois Atlético Madrid 37 29 0.78
2013–14 Belgium Thibaut Courtois Atlético Madrid 37 24 0.65
2014–15 Chile Claudio Bravo Barcelona 37 19 0.51
2015–16 Slovenia Jan Oblak Atlético Madrid 38 18 0.47
2016–17 Slovenia Jan Oblak Atlético Madrid 29 21 0.72

Statistics[edit]

Wins by player[edit]

Víctor Valdés is the record shareholder along with Antoni Ramallets with five awards and has won the trophy four consecutive times from 2009 to 2012.
Player Titles Seasons
Spain Antoni Ramallets 5 1951–52, 1955–56, 1956–57, 1958–59, 1959–60
Spain Victor Valdés 5 2004–05, 2008–09, 2009–10, 2010–11, 2011–12
Spain Juan Acuña 4 1941–42, 1942–43, 1949–50, 1950–51
Spain Santiago Cañizares 4 1992–93, 2000–01, 2001–02, 2003–04
Spain Ricardo Zamora 3 1929, 1931–32, 1932–33
Spain Gregorio Blasco 3 1929–30, 1933–34, 1935–36
Spain José Vicente Train 3 1960–61, 1962–63, 1963–64
Spain Salvador Sadurní 3 1968–69, 1973–74, 1974–75
Spain Luis Arconada 3 1979–80, 1980–81, 1981–82
Spain Juan Carlos Ablanedo 3 1984–85, 1985–86, 1989–90
Spain Ignacio Eizaguirre 2 1943–44, 1944–45
France Marcel Domingo 2 1948–49, 1952–53
Spain Antonio Betancort 2 1964–65, 1966–67
Spain Francisco Buyo 2 1987–88, 1991–92
Belgium Thibaut Courtois 2 2012–13, 2013–14
Spain Miguel Reina 2 1972–73, 1976–77
Spain Francisco Liaño 2 1992–93, 1993–94
Slovenia Jan Oblak 2 2015–16, 2016–17

Wins by club[edit]

Club Players Total
Catalonia Barcelona 10 20
Community of Madrid Real Madrid 10 16
Community of Madrid Atlético Madrid 7 9
Valencian Community Valencia 6 9
Galicia (Spain) Deportivo La Coruña 4 8
Basque Country (autonomous community) Athletic Bilbao 4 6
Basque Country (autonomous community) Real Sociedad 1 3
Asturias Sporting Gijón 1 3
Galicia (Spain) Celta Vigo 3 3
Catalonia Espanyol 3 3
Andalusia Real Betis 2 2
Basque Country (autonomous community) Arenas Getxo 1 1
Basque Country (autonomous community) Deportivo Alavés 1 1
Community of Madrid Getafe 1 1
Andalusia Málaga 1 1
Balearic Islands Mallorca 1 1

Wins by country[edit]

Country Players Total
 Spain 47 78
 Argentina 4 4
 Belgium 1 2
 France 1 2
 Slovenia 1 2
 Cameroon 1 1
 Chile 1 1

Segunda División[edit]

Winners[edit]

Season Player Team Games played Goals conceded Coefficient
1985–86 Spain Joaquín Ferrer Real Murcia 37 30 0.81
1986–87 Spain Javier Echevarría Sestao 43 27 0.62
Spain José Antonio Gallardo* Málaga 18 13 0.92
1987–88 Spain Joaquín Ferrer Figueres 30 23 0.76
1988–89 Morocco Badou Zaki Mallorca 28 15 0.53
1989–90 Spain Miguel Bastón Real Burgos 38 24 0.63
1990–91 Spain Francisco Liaño Sestao 38 27 0.71
1991–92 Spain José Garmendia Eibar 38 22 0.58
1992–93 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Mauro Ravnić Lleida 38 19 0.50
1993–94 Spain Toni Espanyol 38 25 0.66
1994–95 Spain Francisco Leal Mérida 38 19 0.50
1995–96 Spain José Garmendia Eibar 36 30 0.83
1996–97 Spain Emilio López Badajoz 37 22 0.61
1997–98 Spain Francisco Leal Deportivo Alavés 39 22 0.56
1998–99 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Željko Cicović Las Palmas 34 25 0.73
1999–2000 Portugal Nuno Espírito Santo Mérida 41 31 0.75
2000–01 Spain César Quesada Recreativo Huelva 38 23 0.61
2001–02 Spain Manuel Almunia Eibar 35 19 0.56
2002–03 Germany Andreas Reinke Real Murcia 40 21 0.53
2003–04 Spain Toño Recreativo Huelva 28 19 0.68
2004–05 Spain Armando Riveiro Cádiz 40 26 0.65
2005–06 Spain Roberto Fernández Sporting Gijón 38 31 0.82
2006–07 Spain Alberto Real Valladolid 35 28 0.80
2007–08 Spain Carlos Sánchez Castellón 33 27 0.82
2008–09 Spain David Cobeño Rayo Vallecano 40 35 0.88
Chile Claudio Bravo Real Sociedad 32 28 0.88
2009–10 Spain Vicente Guaita Recreativo Huelva 30 24 0.80
2010–11 Spain Andrés Fernández Huesca 31 26 0.84
2011–12 Spain Jaime Jiménez Real Valladolid 40 36 0.90
2012–13 Spain Manu Herrera Elche 39 25 0.64
2013–14 Spain Xabi Irureta Eibar 40 27 0.67
2014–15 Spain Iván Cuéllar Sporting Gijón 36 21 0.58
2015–16 Spain Isaac Becerra Girona 42 28 0.67
2016–17 Spain Raúl Fernández Levante 33 22 0.67

* Gallardo was the provisional winner and the award was given after his death.[4]

Statistics[edit]

Wins by player[edit]

Player Titles Seasons
Spain Joaquín Ferrer 2 1985–86, 1987–88
Spain José Garmendia 2 1991–92, 1995–96
Spain Francisco Leal 2 1994–95, 1997–98

Wins by club[edit]

Club Players Total
Basque Country (autonomous community) Eibar 3 4
Andalusia Recreativo Huelva 3 3
Extremadura Mérida 2 2
Basque Country (autonomous community) Sestao 2 2
Asturias Sporting Gijón 2 2
Region of Murcia Real Murcia 2 2
Castile and León Real Valladolid 2 2
Extremadura Badajoz 1 1
Castile and León Burgos 1 1
Andalusia Cádiz 1 1
Valencian Community Castellón 1 1
Basque Country (autonomous community) Deportivo Alavés 1 1
Valencian Community Elche 1 1
Catalonia Espanyol 1 1
Catalonia Figueres 1 1
Catalonia Girona 1 1
Aragon Huesca 1 1
Canary Islands Las Palmas 1 1
Valencian Community Levante 1 1
Catalonia Lleida 1 1
Andalusia Málaga 1 1
Balearic Islands Mallorca 1 1
Community of Madrid Rayo Vallecano 1 1
Basque Country (autonomous community) Real Sociedad 1 1

Wins by country[edit]

Country Players Total
 Spain 24 27
 Yugoslavia 2 2
 Chile 1 1
 Germany 1 1
 Morocco 1 1
 Portugal 1 1

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Similar to goals against average in ice hockey or earned run average in baseball.
  2. ^ a b In the 1970-71 season and the 1972-73 season, MARCA awarded two trophies; one to the team with the lowest coefficient and another to the team that had conceded the least amount of goals.
  3. ^ In the 1992-93 season two goalkeepers tied when calculating the average with a precision of two decimals. The tie-breaker was the number of matches played, which favoured Liaño. On the other side, the calculation of the third decimal favoured Cañizares. MARCA resolved to award two trophies.
  4. ^ "José Antonio Gallardo dies after eight days in coma". El País. Retrieved 29 October 2016.