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Zamua (also Mazamua) was an ancient Pre-Iranic kingdom, corresponding with the earlier kingdom of Lullubi,[1] which stretched from lake Urmia to the upper reaches of the Diyala River, roughly corresponding with the modern Sulaimania governorate (still called Zamua/Zamwa by the Kurds) in Iraqi Kurdistan. It was centered at Sharazur plain. Ameka and Arashtua were two southern Zamuan kingdoms. A Nasiku bearing the name of Nur Adad was a Zamuan leader who launched a failed resistance against Assyrian domination. Its inhabitants was most probably related the Gutians living east and south of Zamua, and the Hurrians living northwest of the Kingdom.

Inner Zamua[edit]

The northern regions of Zamua (towards lake Urmia) were known as Inner Zamua. Ida was the most important state in Inner Zamua, with Nikdera one of its most important rulers.


  1. ^ The Cambridge History of Iran, Volume 2, (1985) Cambridge University Press, p. 59. Direct link. Last retrieved 11.12.2013