Zangezur National Park
|Zangezur National Park |
Zəngəzur Milli Parkı
|Area||42,797 hectares (427.97 km2)|
Republic of Azerbaijan |
Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources
|Designated||June 16, 2003|
Zangezur National Park (Azerbaijani: Zəngəzur Milli Parkı) — is a national park of Azerbaijan. It was established by the decree of the President of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev, as Ordubad National Park on an area of 12,131 hectares (121.31 km2) of Ordubad Rayon district of the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic on the June 16, 2003. On 25 November 2009 it was enlarged to 42,797 hectares (427.97 km2) and renamed to Zangezur National Park. This park is located in a mountainous area. It is cold in winter and hot in summer. The temperature changes between -30 °C to -10 °C in January and 10 °C 25 °C in July. The annual precipitation is 300-800 mm. The running water comes from Gilanchay, Vanadchay, Duylunchay, Aylishchay, Ganzachay, Kotamchay, Kilitchay and Ordubadchay rivers. Rains and melting snow constitute the main part of these rivers.
Rare plants such as Iris elegantissima, Himantoglossum formosum, Dorema glabrum and other plants occur in Zangazur National Park. 39 species of plants which grow here are included in the Red Book of Azerbaijan.
The Zangezur National Park is characterized by a rich biological diversity. It 58 species of animals (35 of vertebrates and 23 of insects) has been recorded. The National Park have such rare and endangered species as Persian leopard, the mountain sheep-moufflon, bezoar goat, white-tail sea eagle, golden eagle, and little bustard.
Furthermore, Nakhchivan is known to have 62 mammal species and subspecies. 32 of them such as blazilius horseshoe bat, southern horseshoe bat, porcupine, manul, bezoar goat and Caucasian muflon occur in the Zangazur National Park. Additionally, approximately 12 carnivorous mammals such as leopard, wolf, jackal, fox, stripped hyena, badger, wild cat and other predators constitute the important part of the fauna of the park.
In addition to mammals, 217 bird species and subspecies such as Levant sparrowhawk, great white pelican, Dalmatian pelican, white-tailed eagle, lammergeyer, short-toed eagle, great bustard and little bustard can be found in the region. 15 of those species were added to the Red Book.
According to a 2010 USAID report (which described Azerbaijan's national parks as "so-called national parks"), public access to the Ordubad National Park is all but impossible, since it requires a personal letter "obtained far in advance of projected visit, and often refused" from the Minister of Azerbaijan's Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources (MENR), but this is very difficult to obtain for NGOs, international donors, or anyone outside of the government.
In addition to the rich flora and fauna of the Zangazur National Park is rich with natural and historical monuments.
- Nature of Azerbaijan
- National Parks of Azerbaijan
- State Reserves of Azerbaijan
- List of protected areas of Azerbaijan
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Zangezur National Park.|
- Zangezur National Park Official Website - Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources of Azerbaijan (in English)
- National Parks: Zangezur National Park - Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources of Azerbaijan (in English)
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