Mill Creek Zanja

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Mill Creek Zanja
Mill Creek Zanja.jpg
Mill Creek Zanja is located in California
Mill Creek Zanja
Mill Creek Zanja is located in the United States
Mill Creek Zanja
Nearest cityRedlands, California
Coordinates34°3′44″N 117°7′23″W / 34.06222°N 117.12306°W / 34.06222; -117.12306Coordinates: 34°3′44″N 117°7′23″W / 34.06222°N 117.12306°W / 34.06222; -117.12306
Area15 acres (6.1 ha)
NRHP reference #77000329[1]
CHISL #43[2]
Significant dates
Added to NRHPMay 12, 1977
Designated CHISLAugust 1, 1932

The Mill Creek Zanja, also known as the Sankey, is a historic irrigation canal, or zanja, in Redlands, California. The Serrano people dug the canal in 1819 to provide water from Mill Creek for their farms east of the city. The zanja also provided water for the San Bernardino de Sena Estancia mission outpost, which was built near the canal to access its water. The canal's water became a highly desirable resource in the area; it fueled a local agricultural boom and was the subject of several legal disputes over water rights in the 1800s. The City of Redlands covered the western half of the zanja in the 1920s.[3][4]

The zanja was designated a California Historical Landmark in 1932 and placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1977.[1][2] The canal now carries drainage water and storm runoff out of the city; it is the oldest irrigation canal in California which is still in use and the oldest civil engineering project in Southern California.[3] The city, along with several other local groups, is building a trail and greenway alongside the canal.[4]


  1. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09.
  2. ^ a b "Zanja". Office of Historic Preservation, California State Parks. Retrieved April 26, 2015.
  3. ^ a b Van Boyen, Alice (June 13, 1976). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory - Registration Form: Mill Creek Zanja". National Park Service. Retrieved April 26, 2015.
  4. ^ a b "Zanja Trail and Greenway Project". The Redlands Conservancy. Archived from the original on May 4, 2015. Retrieved April 26, 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help) Accompanied by photos.