Zanthoxylum flavum

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Zanthoxylum flavum
Scientific classification
Z. flavum
Binomial name
Zanthoxylum flavum

Zanthoxylum flavum is a medium-sized tree in the citrus family, Rutaceae. Common names include noyer,[3] West Indian satinwood, yellow sanders, tembetaria, and yellow sandalwood. It is found in Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, the Bahamas, Bermuda, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Guadeloupe, Haiti, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, and the Florida Keys, exclusive of Key West where it has been extirpated.[2] It is threatened by habitat loss and harvesting for its dense, durable wood used in fine woodworking.[4]

In its native subtropical range Z. flavum grows in areas with average to high rainfall year-round or with defined dry seasons. It grows on a variety of soils with different drainage regimes, from rapidly draining volcanic derived soils to well-draining clay soils.[1] The tree can grow on serpentine soils. It grows with a straight bole, producing a limited canopy of pinnately compound leaves,[5] clusters of small pale yellow to cream-coloured flowers and small black seeds. The species epithet flavum is Latin for yellow and indicates its flower colour.[6][7][8] Pollination is probably from bees, and the seeds are thought to be dispersed by birds and bats as with the closely related species, Z. martinicense.


  1. ^ Areces-Mallea, A.E. 1998. Zanthoxylum flavum Archived June 27, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Archived June 27, 2014, at the Wayback Machine Downloaded on 24 August 2007.
  2. ^ a b "Zanthoxylum flavum". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 2009-12-01.
  3. ^ Austin, Daniel F.; Honychurch, P. Narodny. (2004). Florida ethnobotany : Fairchild Tropical Garden, Coral Gables, Florida Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum, Tucson, Arizona : with more than 500 species illustrated by Penelope N. Honychurch ... [et al. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press. ISBN 978-0-8493-2332-4.
  4. ^ Bucher, Ward.; Madrid, Christine. (1996). Dictionary of Building Preservation. New York: Preservation Press. ISBN 978-0-471-14413-7.
  5. ^ Britton, Nathaniel Lord. Flora of Bermuda. General Books LLC. ISBN 1-152-54066-1.
  6. ^ Archibald William Smith A Gardener's Handbook of Plant Names: Their Meanings and Origins, p. 258, at Google Books
  7. ^ Harrison, Lorraine (2012). RHS Latin for gardeners. United Kingdom: Mitchell Beazley. p. 224. ISBN 9781845337315.
  8. ^ Sia Morhardt and Emil Morhardt California Desert Flowers: An Introduction to Families, Genera, and Species, p. 101, at Google Books

External links[edit]

Data related to Zanthoxylum flavum at Wikispecies