Zanzibar Archipelago

Coordinates: 6°33′S 39°34′E / 6.550°S 39.567°E / -6.550; 39.567
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The Zanzibar Archipelago
Unguja and Pemba Islands

The Zanzibar Archipelago (Funguvisiwa la Zanzibar, in Swahili, Arabic: أرخبيل زنجبار) are a group of islands off the coast of mainland Tanzania in the sea of Zanj. The archipelago is also known as the Spice Islands. There are four main islands, three primary islands with permanent human populations, a fourth coral island that serves as an essential breeding ground for seabirds, plus a number of smaller islets that surround them and an isolated tiny islet.[1]

Most of the archipelago belongs to the Zanzibar semi-autonomous zones of Tanzania, while the neighboring Mafia Archipelago and its associated islets are parts of the Pwani Region on the Tanzanian mainland.6°33′S 39°34′E / 6.550°S 39.567°E / -6.550; 39.567

List of islands[edit]

Main islands[edit]

An enlargeable, detailed map of Unguja
An enlargeable, detailed map of Pemba
  • Unguja Island – the largest island, colloquially referred to as Zanzibar, has 896,721 inhabitants
  • Pemba Island – the second-largest island with 406,808 inhabitants
  • Latham Island (also called "Fungu Kizimkazi") – tiny and uninhabited[2]

Surrounding Unguja Island[edit]

Surrounding Pemba Island[3][edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Lizzie Williams (2005). Africa Overland. New Holland Publishers. ISBN 1-77007-187-3.
  2. ^ Implementation of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, United Republic of Tanzania, Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, United Nations Economic and Social Council, E/C.12/TZA/1-3, 28 March 2011, page 5
  3. ^ Pemba - The clove island 1:100,000, Map & Guide, 2013, Dept. of Surveys and mapping, Chake-Chake

Further reading[edit]

  • Finke, J. (2006) The Rough Guide to Zanzibar (2nd edition). New York: Rough Guides.

External links[edit]