Zanzibar City

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Zanzibar City

Jiji la Zanzibar (Swahili)
مدينة زنجبار (Arabic)
Municipality
an aerial view of Zanzibar.
an aerial view of Zanzibar.
Zanzibar City is located in Tanzania
Zanzibar City
Zanzibar City
Tanzania Unguja Magharibi location map.svg
Coordinates: 6°09′54″S 39°11′56″E / 6.165°S 39.199°E / -6.165; 39.199Coordinates: 6°09′54″S 39°11′56″E / 6.165°S 39.199°E / -6.165; 39.199
CountryTanzania
ZoneZanzibar
RegionMjini Magharibi
Government
 • TypeMunicipal
 • MayorKhatib Abdulrahman Khatib
Population
 (2002)
 • Total206,292
Time zoneUTC+3 (EAT)
Postcode
711xx
ClimateAm
WebsiteCity website

Zanzibar City (or Zanzibar Town, often simply referred to as Zanzibar; Swahili: Jiji la Zanzibar; Arabic: مدينة زنجبار‎) is the capital and largest city of Zanzibar, in Tanzania. It is located on the west coast of Unguja, the main island of the Zanzibar Archipelago, roughly due north of Dar es Salaam across the Zanzibar Channel. It also serves as the capital of the Zanzibar Urban/West Region, and qualifies as a district, formally known as Zanzibar Urban District. In 2002 its population was 205,870.[1]

Zanzibar City comprises two main parts, Stone Town and Ng'ambo (literally: "The Other Side"); the two areas are historically divided by a creek, now marked by a large street called Creek Road.[2][3] Stone Town is the historical core of the city, former capital of the Zanzibar Sultanate; because of its unique architecture and culture, it was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2000.[4] Ng'ambo is a much larger, modern area that developed around Stone Town after the Zanzibar Revolution, with office buildings and large apartment blocks such as those of the Michenzani neighbourhood.[2]

Climate[edit]

Zanzibar City has a tropical climate, very similar to whole Unguja island, and slightly warmer than what is found in Pemba. This climate is classified as a tropical monsoon climate (Köppen climate classification Am). The average temperature in Zanzibar City is 26.9 °C (80.4 °F). The average annual rainfall is 1,512 mm (59.5 in). The monthly average temperatures are usually between 25.1–28.8 °C (77.2–83.8 °F). There are two rain seasons, with most rainfall coming between March and May and smaller rain season coming between November and December. Drier months are January – February, and a longer drier season between June to October.

Climate data for Zanzibar City
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 33.4
(92.1)
34.1
(93.4)
34.2
(93.6)
31.7
(89.1)
30.6
(87.1)
30.0
(86.0)
29.3
(84.7)
29.8
(85.6)
31.0
(87.8)
31.7
(89.1)
32.4
(90.3)
33.0
(91.4)
31.8
(89.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 28.5
(83.3)
28.8
(83.8)
28.8
(83.8)
27.5
(81.5)
26.6
(79.9)
25.9
(78.6)
25.2
(77.4)
25.1
(77.2)
25.6
(78.1)
26.1
(79.0)
27.1
(80.8)
28
(82)
26.9
(80.4)
Average low °C (°F) 23.6
(74.5)
23.6
(74.5)
23.5
(74.3)
23.4
(74.1)
22.7
(72.9)
21.8
(71.2)
21.2
(70.2)
20.5
(68.9)
20.2
(68.4)
20.6
(69.1)
21.9
(71.4)
23.1
(73.6)
22.2
(72.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 69
(2.7)
65
(2.6)
152
(6.0)
357
(14.1)
262
(10.3)
59
(2.3)
45
(1.8)
44
(1.7)
51
(2.0)
88
(3.5)
177
(7.0)
143
(5.6)
1,512
(59.5)
Source: Climate-Data.org[5]

History[edit]

City, in 1920

In 1592, the first English boat arrived in port. In 1824, the Sultan Said bin Sultan, Sultan of Muscat and Oman of Oman established the capital of his Kingdom in the city.[6] The city was a high place of slavery, one of the main ports of East Africa for the slave trade. In 1846, the island had 360,000 slaves for 450,000 inhabitants. In 1866, the British explorer David Livingstone (1813–1873) stayed in Zanzibar to prepare his last expedition to Tanzania. In 1892, Zanzibar was declared free port.

Education[edit]

The Zanzibar University is located in Tunguu and was founded in 2002.

Places of worship[edit]

The places of worship in the city are predominantly Muslim mosques.[7] There are also Christian churches and temples: Roman Catholic Diocese of Zanzibar (Catholic Church), Anglican Church of Tanzania (Anglican Communion), Evangelical Lutheran Church in Tanzania (Lutheran World Federation), Baptist Convention of Tanzania (Baptist World Alliance), Assemblies of God.

Wards[edit]

A panorama of Stone Town from the House of Wonders.
An apartment building in Michenzani.
A map of Zanzibar City by Oscar Baumann, 1892.

The Zanzibar Urban District is administratively divided into 40 wards:[8]

Nr. Ward (Shehia) population
2002
1 Shangani 2062
2 Mkunazini 1829
3 Kiponda 971
4 Malindi 1525
5 Mchangani 1205
6 Mlandege 1225
7 Muembe Ladu 1752
8 Gulioni 1283
9 Makadara 2837
10 Shaurimoyo 4296
11 Muembe Makumbi 4384
12 Chumbuni 5360
13 Kwamtipura 4696
14 Kilimahewa 4095
15 Amaani 2859
16 Nyerere 6810
17 Sebleni 2458
18 Magomeni 5697
19 Mpendae 6258
20 Urusi 6291
21 Kilimani 1524
22 Miembeni 2601
23 Kikwajuni Juu 1323
24 Kikwajuni Bondeni 1283
25 Kisima Majongoo 2235
26 Vikokotoni 946
27 Mwembetanga 1488
28 Mwembeshauri 1118
29 Rahaleo 1038
30 Kwaalamsha 1848
31 Mikunguni 1669
32 Mkele 3180
33 Muungano 2638
34 Sogea 2359
35 Jang'ombe 3011
36 Kidongo Chekundu 1165
37 Matarumbeta 1394
38 Kwahani 2211
39 Kwaalinato 2647
40 Karakana 3213
  Zanzibar Urban 206292

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
187070,000—    
191035,262−49.6%
194847,284+34.1%
195849,502+4.7%
196868,490+38.4%
YearPop.±%
1978110,669+61.6%
1988167,318+51.2%
2002206,292+23.3%
2005223,033+8.1%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Tanzania: Regions, Districts, Wards, Cities and Urban Localities – Population Statistics in Maps and Charts". citypopulation.de.
  2. ^ a b "An introduction to Zanzibar Town on the island of Zanzibar in Tanzania". zanzibar-travel-guide.com.
  3. ^ Kevin Shilligton, Encyclopaedia of African History vol. 3, p. 1710
  4. ^ "Loading..." zanzibar-web.com.
  5. ^ "Zanzibar City". Retrieved July 26, 2017.
  6. ^ Britannica, Zanzibar, Encyclopædia Britannica, USA. Retrieved January 5, 2020
  7. ^ Britannica, Tanzania, Encyclopædia Britannica, USA. Retrieved January 5, 2020
  8. ^ Urban District Homepage for the 2002 Tanzania National Census Archived November 18, 2008, at the Wayback Machine

Bibliography[edit]

See also: Bibliography of the history of Zanzibar City

External links[edit]