Sinking of the MV Spice Islander I
MV Spice Islander I anchored in Zanzibar in 2010
|Time||2100 hours EAT|
|Date||10 September 2011|
|Location||Zanzibar Channel, Indian Ocean|
|Outcome||between 200 and 1,500 deaths|
On 10 September 2011, the MV Spice Islander I, a passenger ferry carrying over 2,000 passengers, sank off the coast of Zanzibar. The ferry was travelling between Unguja and Pemba, two islands off the coast of mainland Tanzania, when it capsized. Early estimates put the death toll at around 200, but a report published by the Tanzanian government in January 2012 claimed that over 1,500 people had been killed.
At 21:00 local time (19:00 UTC), the MV Spice Islander I sailed from Unguja, the main island of the Zanzibar archipelago, for Pemba Island to the north. The ship's official capacity was 45 crew and 645 passengers, but it was reported to be heavily overloaded. Around four hours after departure, Spice Islander I sank between Zanzibar and Pemba. The ship is thought to have capsized after losing engine power. Of those on board, around 620 were rescued, with at least 40 of them suffering serious injuries. In addition to passengers, the ferry was believed to have been transporting cargo such as rice. 
Early news reports claimed that the ferry was carrying an estimated 800 people at the time of her sinking, and by 12 September, it was reported that over 240 bodies had been recovered. However, on 14 October, the Tanzanian government confirmed that the vessel had in fact been carrying around 3,586 passengers, of whom 2,764 were unaccounted for. In an investigative report published on 19 January 2012, these figures were revised downward, with 2,470 passengers, 203 confirmed dead, and 1,370 missing.
The Revolutionary Government of Zanzibar set up a center for people involved in the tragedy and called upon reserves from Zanzibar to join the effort. It also called for foreign support from African countries. The survivors were rescued by ferries and brought back to Zanzibar's main harbour, in Stone Town.
On 11 September, three days of mourning began for those who died in the incident. An investigation into the sinking was also announced; the Zanzibar minister of state, Mohamed Aboud Mohamed said: "The government will take stern measures against those found responsible for this tragedy, in accordance with the country's laws and regulations."
Eight months later, the MV Skagit, another ferry on the same route, also sank, with a similarly large loss of life.
- List of shipwrecks in 2011
- MV Bukoba, a Tanzanian ferry which sank in 1996, also with great loss of life
- Likoni Ferry, which suffered a similar disaster in 1994, in nearby Mombasa
- "M/S Marianna (1967)" (in Swedish). Fakta om Fartyg. Retrieved 23 March 2013.
- "Zanzibar ferry disaster: Scores die, many more missing". BBC News. 10 September 2011.
- "Tanzania ferry sinking leaves 120 people dead". The Sydney Morning Herald. 10 September 2011.
- Wang, Yamei (12 September 2011). "At least 240 bodies retrieved in ferry sinking in Tanzania". Xinhua.
- Sadallah, Mwinyi (16 October 2011). "Confirmed: 2,900 people died in Zanzibar's ferry tragedy". IPP Media.
- Sadallah, Mwinyi (20 January 2012). "MV Spice Islander's report: Try marine executives, ship owner". IPP Media.
- "'No one will be spared' after Zanzibar ferry disaster". The Telegraph. 11 September 2011. Archived from the original on 11 September 2011.