Zapadnaya Dvina

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For the river, see Daugava River.
Zapadnaya Dvina (English)
Западная Двина (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Map of Russia - Tver Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Tver Oblast in Russia
Zapadnaya Dvina is located in Tver Oblast
Zapadnaya Dvina
Zapadnaya Dvina
Location of Zapadnaya Dvina in Tver Oblast
Coordinates: 56°16′N 32°04′E / 56.267°N 32.067°E / 56.267; 32.067Coordinates: 56°16′N 32°04′E / 56.267°N 32.067°E / 56.267; 32.067
Administrative status (as of December 2012)
Country Russia
Federal subject Tver Oblast[1]
Administrative district Zapadnodvinsky District[2]
Urban settlement Zapadnaya Dvina[2]
Administrative center of Zapadnodvinsky District,[3] Zapadnaya Dvina Urban Settlement[2]
Municipal status (as of December 2010)
Municipal district Zapadnodvinsky Municipal District[4]
Urban settlement Zapadnaya Dvina Urban Settlement[4]
Administrative center of Zapadnodvinsky Municipal District,[4] Zapadnaya Dvina Urban Settlement[4]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 9,378 inhabitants[5]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[6]
Founded 1900[citation needed]
Town status since 1937[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[7] 172610, 172611, 172649

Zapadnaya Dvina (Russian: За́падная Двина́) is a town and the administrative center of Zapadnodvinsky District in Tver Oblast, Russia, located on the right bank of the Daugava River, 321 kilometers (199 mi) southwest of Tver, the administrative center of the oblast. Population: 9,378 (2010 Census);[5] 10,212 (2002 Census);[8] 11,556 (1989 Census).[9]

History[edit]

Zapadnaya Dvina was founded in 1900 as a station on the railway connecting Moscow and Riga. In 1927, it was granted urban-type settlement status.[10] It belonged to Toropetsky Uyezd of Pskov Governorate.

On August 1, 1927, the uyezds were abolished, and Oktyabrsky District was established, with the administrative center in the selo of Staraya Toropa. Pskov Governorate was abolished as well, and the district became a part of Velikiye Luki Okrug of Leningrad Oblast. The district center was subsequently moved to the settlement of Zapadnaya Dvina. On June 17, 1929, the district was transferred to Western Oblast. On July 23, 1930, the okrugs were also abolished and the districts were directly subordinated to the oblast. On January 29, 1935 Kalinin Oblast was established, and Oktyabrsky District was transferred to Kalinin Oblast.[11] In 1937, Zapadnaya Dvina was granted town status. Between October 6, 1941 and January 21, 1942, Zapadnaya Dvina was occupied by German troops. On August 22, 1944, the district was transferred to newly established Velikiye Luki Oblast. On October 2, 1957, Velikiye Luki Oblast was abolished, and Oktyabrsky District was transferred back to Kalinin Oblast. On February 13, 1963 it was merged with a part of Nelidovsky District to form Zapadnodvinsky District, with the administrative center in Zapadnaya Dvina.[11] In 1990, Kalinin Oblast was renamed Tver Oblast.

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Zapadnaya Dvina serves as the administrative center of Zapadnodvinsky District.[3] As an administrative division, it is incorporated within Zapadnodvinsky District as Zapadnaya Dvina Urban Settlement.[2] As a municipal division, this administrative unit also has urban settlement status and is a part of Zapadnodvinsky Municipal District.[4]

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

The economy of Zapadnaya Dvina and the district is based on timber production.[12]

Transportation[edit]

The railway which connects Moscow and Riga via Rzhev passes through Zapadnaya Dvina. There is passenger railway traffic. The M9 highway connecting Moscow with Riga passes just north of Zapadnaya Dvina. A paved road to Ostashkov via Andreapol branches off. There are also local roads with bus traffic originating from Zapadnaya Dvina.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Law #34-ZO
  2. ^ a b c d Law #34-ZO stipulates that the borders of the settlements (administrative-territorial divisions) are identical to the borders of the urban and rural settlements (municipal divisions), and that the borders of the administrative districts are identical to the borders of the municipal districts. Law #24-ZO, which describes the borders and the composition of the municipal formations in Zapadnodvinsky Municipal District, lists the town of Zapadnaya Dvina as a part and the administrative center of Zapadnaya Dvina Urban Settlement of that district.
  3. ^ a b Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 28 216», в ред. изменения №259/2014 от 12 декабря 2014 г.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division . Code 28 216, as amended by the Amendment #259/2014 of December 12, 2014. ).
  4. ^ a b c d e Law #24-ZO
  5. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  6. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  7. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  8. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  9. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  10. ^ "История Западнодвинского района" (in Russian). Zapadnodvinsky District Administration. Retrieved 10 December 2015. 
  11. ^ a b Справка об изменениях в административно-территориальном делении Тверской губернии - Калининской области (in Russian). Архивы России. Archived from the original on April 19, 2012. Retrieved 5 December 2014. 
  12. ^ "Западнодвинский район" (in Russian). Legislative Assembly of Tver Oblast. Retrieved 7 December 2015. 

Sources[edit]

  • Законодательное Собрание Тверской области. Закон №34-ЗО от 17 апреля 2006 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Тверской области», в ред. Закона №66-ЗО от 1 октября 2014 г. «О внесении изменения в статью 18 Закона Тверской области "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Тверской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Тверские ведомости", №17 (специальный выпуск), 19 апреля 2006 г. (Legislative Assembly of Tver Oblast. Law #34-ZO of April 17, 2006 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Tver Oblast, as amended by the Law #66-ZO of October 1, 2014 On Amending Article 18 of the Law of Tver Oblast "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Tver Oblast". Effective as of the official publication date.).
  • Законодательное Собрание Тверской области. Закон №24-ЗО от 28 февраля 2005 г. «Об установлении границ муниципальных образований, входящих в состав территории муниципального образования Тверской области "Западнодвинский район", и наделении их статусом городского, сельского поселения», в ред. Закона №104-ЗО от 8 декабря 2010 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Тверской области "Об установлении границ муниципальных образований, входящих в состав территории муниципального образования Тверской области "Западнодвинский район", и наделении их статусом городского, сельского поселения"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Тверские ведомости", №10, 11–17 марта 2005 г. (Legislative Assembly of Tver Oblast. Law #24-ZO of February 28, 2005 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations Comprised by the Territory of the Municipal Formation of "Zapadnodvinsky District" and on Granting Them the Status of Urban, Rural Settlements, as amended by the Law #104-ZO of December 8, 2010 On Amending the Law of Tver Oblast "On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations Comprised by the Territory of the Municipal Formation of "Zapadnodvinsky District" and on Granting Them the Status of Urban, Rural Settlements". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Законодательное Собрание Тверской области. Закон №4-ЗО от 18 января 2005 г. «Об установлении границ муниципальных образований Тверской области и наделении их статусом городских округов, муниципальных районов», в ред. Закона №65-ЗО от 24 июля 2012 г. «О внесении изменения в статью 2 Закона Тверской области "Об установлении границ муниципальных образований Тверской области и наделении их статусом городских округов, муниципальных районов"». Вступил в силу через десять дней после официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Тверские ведомости", №3, 21–27 января 2005 г. (Legislative Assembly of Tver Oblast. Law #4-ZO of January 18, 2005 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations of Tver Oblast and on Granting Them the Status of Urban Okrugs, Municipal Districts, as amended by the Law #65-ZO of July 24, 2012 On Amending Article 2 of the Law of Tver Oblast "On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations of Tver Oblast and on Granting Them the Status of Urban Okrugs, Municipal Districts". Effective as of the day which is ten days after the official publication.).