Zaporizhia Oblast

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Zaporizhzhia Oblast
Запорізька область
Zaporiz'ka oblast’
Oblast
Flag of Zaporizhzhia Oblast
Flag
Coat of arms of Zaporizhzhia Oblast
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Запоріжжя (Zaporizhzhya)
Zaporizhia in Ukraine.svg
Country  Ukraine
Administrative center Zaporizhzhia
Government
 • Oblast council ? seats
Area
 • Total 27,183 km2 (10,495 sq mi)
Area rank Ranked 9th
Population (2013)
 • Total 1,785,243
 • Rank Ranked 9th
 • Density 66/km2 (170/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Official language(s) Ukrainian
Russian[1][2]
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code ?
Area code +380-61
ISO 3166 code UA-23
Raions 20
Cities (total)
— Regional cities
14
5
Urban-type settlements 23
Villages 920
FIPS 10-4 UP26
Website www.zoda.gov.ua

Zaporizhzhia Oblast (Ukrainian: Запорізька область, translit. Zaporiz'ka oblast’; also referred to as ZaporizhzhyaUkrainian: Запоріжжя, Russian: Запорожская область) is an oblast (province) of southern Ukraine. Its capital is Zaporizhzhia. The oblast covers an area of 27,183 km2, and its population was 1,785,243 (2013 est.)[3] at a January 2013.

This oblast is an important part of Ukraine's industry and agriculture.

Geography[edit]

The area of the province is 27,183 km²; its population (estimated as at 1 January 2013) was 1,785,243.

Important cities include:

History[edit]

The Zaporizhzhia Oblast was created as part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic on 10 January 1939 out of the Dnipropetrovsk Oblast. During the 1991 referendum, 90.66% of votes in the oblast were in favor of the Declaration of Independence of Ukraine. The SBU thwarted an attempt to blow up a railway line in the Zaporizhzhia Oblast, and found that the suspects were carrying maps and explosives on 8 July 2014.[citation needed] A survey conducted in December 2014 by the Kyiv International Institute of Sociology found 2.1% of the oblast's population supported their region joining Russia, 80.7% did not support the idea, and the rest were undecided or did not respond.[4]

Points of interest[edit]

The following sites were nominated for the Seven Wonders of Ukraine.

Subdivisions[edit]

The Zaporizhzhia Oblast is administratively subdivided into 20 raions (districts) as well as 5 cities (municipalities) which are directly subordinate to the oblast government: Berdiansk, Enerhodar, Melitopol, Tokmak, and the administrative center of the oblast, Zaporizhzhia.

Detailed map of Zaporizhzhia Oblast
Name Ukrainian name Area
(km2)
Population
census 2015[5]
Admin.center Urban Population Only
Zaporizhzhia Запорі́жжя (місто) 334 757,650 Zaporizhzhia (city) 757,650
Berdiansk Бердя́нськ (місто) 83 117,492 Berdiansk (city) 114,401
Enerhodar Енергода́р (місто) 64 54,397 Enerhodar (city) 54,397
Melitopol Мелітополь (місто) 51 156,022 Melitopol (city) 156,022
Tokmak Токмак (місто) 33 32,209 Tokmak (city) 32,209
Berdianskyi Raion Бердянський район 1,776 25,533 Berdiansk (city) N/A *
Chernihivskyi Raion Чернігівський район 1,200 17,331 Chernihivka 5,994
Huliaipilskyi Raion Гуляйпільський район 1,300 27,067 Huliaipole 15,116
Kamyansko-Dniprovskyi Raion Кам'янсько-Дніпровський район 1,240 40,525 Kamyanka-Dniprovska 13,223
Kuibyshevskyi Raion Куйбишевський район 1,300 22,500 Kuibysheve 9,423
Melitopolskyi Raion Мелітопольський район 1,780 49,724 Melitopol (city) N/A *
Mykhailivskyi Raion Михайлівський район 1,067 29,250 Mykhailivka 15,609
Novomykolaivskyi Raion Новомиколаївський район 915 16,206 Novomykolaivka 6,764
Orikhivskyi Raion Оріхівський район 1,590 46,239 Orikhiv 20,358
Polohivskyi Raion Пологівський район 1,340 40,576 Polohy 19,552
Pryazovskyi Raion Приазовський район 1,947 27,636 Pryazovske 9,106
Prymorskyi Raion Приморський район 1,400 30,334 Prymorsk 12,085
Rozivskyi Raion Розівський район 610 8,960 Rozivka 3,289
Tokmatskyi Raion Токмацький район 1,442 22,705 Tokmak (city) N/A *
Vasylivskyi Raion Василівський район 1,620 64,131 Vasylivka 37,232
Velykobilozerskyi Raion Великобілозерський район 470 8,064 Velyka Bilozerka 6,124
Veselivskyi Raion Веселівський район 1,128 21,756 Vesele 10,042
Vilnianskyi Raion Вільнянський район 1,280 47,572 Vilniansk 16,795
Yakymivskyi Raion Якимівський район 1,850 33,942 Yakymivka 15,386
Zaporizkyi Raion Запорізький район 1,462 57,842 Zaporizhzhia (city) N/A *
Note: Asterisks (*) Though the administrative center of the rayon is housed in the city/town that its named after, cities do not answer to the rayon authorities only towns do; instead they are directly subordinated to the oblast government and therefore are not counted as part of rayon statistics.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2001 Ukrainian Census the population of the oblast was 1,929,171. Some 70.8% considered themselves Ukrainians, while 24.7% were Russians, the rest were of assorted nationalities including Bulgarians (1.4%), Belarusians (0.7%), and others (1.6%). Just under half the population (48.2%) considered the Russian language to be their native tongue, while a majority (50.2%) considered the Ukrainian language to be their native tongue.

Age structure[edit]

0-14 years: 13.5% Increase (male 124,285/female 116,613)
15-64 years: 70.7% Decrease (male 598,849/female 662,838)
65 years and over: 15.8% Steady (male 91,051/female 190,818) (2013 official)

Median age[edit]

total: 41.2 years Increase
male: 37.5 years Increase
female: 44.8 years Increase (2013 official)

Fertility[edit]

Year Fertility Birth Year Fertility Birth Year Fertility Birth
1990 1,7 25 960 2000 1,0 13 900 2010 1,3 18 018
1991 1,7 24 739 2001 1,0 14 010 2011 1,4 18 198
1992 1,5 22 624 2002 1,1 14 865
1993 1,4 20 881 2003 1,1 15 301
1994 1,3 19 265 2004 1,1 16 091
1995 1,2 17 820 2005 1,2 15 862
1996 1,2 16 764 2006 1,2 17 241
1997 1,1 16 234 2007 1,3 17 591
1998 1,1 14 968 2008 1,4 18 901
1999 1,0 13 880 2009 1,4 18 409

Education[edit]

679 daytime and 11 evening state schools plus 6 daytime schools that are non-budget supported secondary schools involved 271400 pupils in 2001. 22 classical schools, 8 Lyceums, a Sichovy Collegium and 54 education-breeding complex bodies aren't out of reach to gifted children. New style 38 complex kindergarten-schools work too.[6]

Over 60,000 children develop their talents through out-of-school institutions. They attend 30 creative centres, 6 science-technical stations and four young naturalists stations, five tourists clubs, three training flotillas, 11 children's sport clubs and 20 sport schools. Extra-scholastic education system has such a unique body as the Small Academy of Science. Boys and girls work there in six main disciplines: physics-mathematics, chemistry-biology, history-geography, philology, industrial and information technologies. The Small Academy young members maintain close friendship relations with scientists of big institutes and universities. 26 youngsters became winners of the All-Ukrainian Academy contest, so Zaporizhzhia regional team gained the 1-st place.

325 secondary schools, five classical schools, a Collegium and three complex-schools use the Ukrainian language. Nevertheless, the minorities have a free choice — 193 schools are Russian, a large Jewish school «Alef» works in Zaporizhzhia and smaller ones exist in other points, a Ukrainian-Bulgarian Lyceum is in Primorsky district. The Greek, Czech, Bulgarian languages are very popular in Yakimivsky, Berdyansky, Priazovsky and Melitopole rural districts. One may learn Hebrew, Yiddish, German, Polish, Tatar and other languages attending option courses anywhere.

Specialists keep on looking for an adaptive school model. 26 institutions develop the humanization process using new teaching technologies. The Khortitsky multi-profile teaching-rehabilitation centre has worked out methods for complete support of sanatorium-boarding-schools' children. Berdyansk is the town where a Regional boarding school for orphans works out active socialization programs.

42 institutions provide vocational education. This system distribute well-trained workers to regional industry and business. The list of specialities includes over 100 names. Vocational schools give courses for improving qualification in cooperation with unemployment centres. More than 1500 jobless persons get new professions every year due it.

The higher education system is the most flexible and advanced. Today 25 state-controlled technical colleges have I-II class rank and 8 higher institutions have III-IV class certificates. These are University and the Technical University, the Medical University, the Engineering Academy and the Institute of Law with Ministry of Internal Affairs in Zaporizhzhia City, the Pedagogical University, the Agricultural Academy in Melitopole and the Pedagogical Institute in Berdyansk. There are also five higher education private bodies — the Institute of Economics and Information Technologies, the State and Municipal Government Institute and the others. Over 65000 people are the students in this region. There are 212 Doctors of Science and 1420 Candidates of Science among their lecturers. Zaporizhzhia City is one of the biggest centres for foreigners' education in Ukraine.

The International Astronomical Union named two minor planets «Khadzhinov» and «Vikchemov» in honour of our countrymen who made a significant contribution in science and education.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Romanian becomes regional language in Bila Tserkva in Zakarpattia region, Kyiv Post (24 September 2012)
  2. ^ "Русский язык стал региональным в Севастополе, Донецкой и Запорожской обл.". RosBusinessConsulting. 16 August 2012. Retrieved 16 August 2012. 
  3. ^ "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 21 January 2015. 
  4. ^ Лише 3% українців хочуть приєднання їх області до Росії [Only 3% of Ukrainians want their region to become part of Russia]. Dzerkalo Tyzhnia (in Ukrainian). 3 January 2015. 
  5. ^ "Чисельність населення(Population Quantity)" (PDF). UkrStat (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 8 January 2016. 
  6. ^ Запорізька область: Ілюстрована енциклопедія. [Т.2]: Архітектура і містобудування. Культура. Економіка. Райони області / К.С. Карафін, О. І. Красюк. -Запоріжжя : Дике Поле, 2004. - 293 с.

Further reading[edit]

  • (Ukrainian) Запорізька область: Ілюстрована енциклопедія. [Т.2]: Архітектура і містобудування. Культура. Економіка. Райони області / К.С. Карафін, О. І. Красюк. -Запоріжжя : Дике Поле, 2004. - 293 с.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 47°50′N 35°10′E / 47.833°N 35.167°E / 47.833; 35.167