Zaragoza (Congress of Deputies constituency)

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Zaragoza
Congress of Deputies
Electoral Constituency
SpanishCongressDistricts(Zaragoza).png
Location of Zaragoza within Spain
Province Zaragoza
Autonomous community Aragon
Population 956,006 (2016)
Electorate 734,064 (2016)
Major settlements Zaragoza
Current constituency
Created 1977
Seats 8 (1977–1989)
7 (1989–)
Member(s)

Zaragoza is one of the 52 constituencies (Spanish: circunscripciones) represented in the Congress of Deputies—the lower chamber of the Spanish parliament, the Cortes Generales—. The constituency currently elects seven deputies. Its boundaries correspond with those of the Spanish province of Zaragoza. The electoral system uses the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation, with a minimum threshold of 3%.

Electoral system[edit]

The constituency was created as per the Political Reform Act 1977 and was first contested in the 1977 general election. The Act provided for the provinces of Spain to be established as multi-member districts in the Congress of Deputies,[1] with this regulation being maintained under Article 68.2 of the Spanish Constitution of 1978. Additionally, Article 141.1 of the Constitution requires for any modification of the provincial limits to be approved under an organic law, needing an absolute majority in the Cortes Generales.[2]

Voting is on the basis of universal suffrage, with all nationals over eighteen and in full enjoyment of all political rights entitled to vote. The only exception was in 1977, when this was limited to nationals over twenty-one and in full enjoyment of all political and civil rights. Amendments to the electoral law in 2011 required for Spaniards abroad to apply for voting before being permitted to vote, a system known as "begged" or expat vote (Spanish: Voto rogado).[3] 348 seats are elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with a threshold of 3% of valid votes—which includes blank ballots—being applied in each constituency. Parties not reaching the threshold are not taken into consideration for seat distribution. Each provincial constituency is entitled to an initial minimum of two seats, with the remaining 248 allocated among the constituencies in proportion to their populations. Ceuta and Melilla are allocated the two remaining seats, which are elected using plurality voting.[2][4][5][6]

The electoral law provides that parties, federations, coalitions and groupings of electors are allowed to present lists of candidates. However, groupings of electors are required to secure at least the signature of 1 per 100 of the electors entered in electoral register of the constituency for which they are seeking election—0.1 per 100 and, at least, the signature of 500 electors, until 1985—. Also since 2011, parties, federations or coalitions who have not obtained a mandate in either House of Parliament at the preceding election are required to secure at least the signature of 0.1 per 100 of the electors entered in electoral register of the constituency for which they are seeking election. Electors are barred from signing for more than one list of candidates. Concurrently, parties and federations intending to enter in coalition to take part jointly at an election are required to inform the relevant Electoral Commission within ten days from the election call.[4][6]

Deputies[edit]

Deputies for Zaragoza 1977–
Legislature Election Distribution
Constituent 1977
1 3 1 3
1st 1979
3 1 4
2nd 1982
5 3
3rd 1986
4 1 1 2
4th 1989
1 3 1 2
5th 1993
1 3 1 2
6th 1996
3 4
7th 2000
1 2 4
8th 2004
1 3 3
9th 2008
4 3
10th 2011
1 2 4
11th 2015
1 2 1 3
12th 2016
1 2 1 3

Elections[edit]

2016 general election[edit]

Summary of the 26 June 2016 Congress of Deputies election results in Zaragoza
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's PartyAragonese Party (PP–PAR) 179,211 34.92 +4.63 3 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 125,321 24.42 +2.14 2 ±0
United We Can in Aragon (PodemosIUeQuo)1 104,199 20.31 –5.44 1 ±0
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 86,434 16.84 –0.98 1 ±0
Blank ballots 4,124 0.80 –0.07
Total 513,135 100.00 7 ±0
Valid votes 513,135 99.22 –0.06
Invalid votes 4,009 0.78 +0.06
Votes cast / turnout 517,144 70.45 –2.69
Abstentions 216,920 29.55 +2.69
Registered voters 734,064
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2015 general election[edit]

Summary of the 20 December 2015 Congress of Deputies election results in Zaragoza
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's PartyAragonese Party (PP–PAR) 161,662 30.29 –16.62 3 –1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 118,936 22.28 –8.50 2 ±0
We Can (Podemos) 102,596 19.22 New 1 +1
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 95,130 17.82 New 1 +1
United LeftAragonese UnionPopular Unity in Common (IU–CHA–UPeC) 34,869 6.53 –4.93 0 –1
Blank ballots 4,657 0.87 –1.07
Total 533,732 100.00 7 ±0
Valid votes 533,732 99.28 +0.73
Invalid votes 3,894 0.72 –0.73
Votes cast / turnout 537,626 73.14 +1.76
Abstentions 197,453 26.86 –1.76
Registered voters 735,079
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2011 general election[edit]

Summary of the 20 November 2011 Congress of Deputies election results in Zaragoza
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's PartyAragonese Party (PP–PAR)1 241,074 46.91 +5.72 4 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 158,167 30.78 –15.62 2 –2
Aragonese UnionUnited Left: Plural Left (CHA–IU)2 58,904 11.46 +2.70 1 +1
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 32,968 6.42 +5.21 0 ±0
Blank ballots 9,951 1.94 +0.68
Total 513,893 100.00 7 ±0
Valid votes 513,893 98.55 –0.96
Invalid votes 7,562 1.45 +0.96
Votes cast / turnout 521,455 71.38 –4.54
Abstentions 209,041 28.62 +4.54
Registered voters 730,496
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2008 general election[edit]

Summary of the 9 March 2008 Congress of Deputies election results in Zaragoza
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 254,479 46.40 +6.14 4 +1
People's Party (PP) 199,934 36.46 +0.91 3 ±0
Aragonese Union (CHA) 32,281 5.89 –8.65 0 –1
Aragonese Party (PAR) 25,949 4.73 +0.65 0 ±0
United Left (IU) 15,731 2.87 +0.06 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 6,621 1.21 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 6,917 1.26 –0.84
Total 548,439 100.00 7 ±0
Valid votes 548,439 99.51 +0.07
Invalid votes 2,710 0.49 –0.07
Votes cast / turnout 551,149 75.92 –1.33
Abstentions 174,794 24.08 +1.33
Registered voters 725,943
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2004 general election[edit]

Summary of the 14 March 2004 Congress of Deputies election results in Zaragoza
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 224,776 40.26 +11.09 3 +1
People's Party (PP) 198,480 35.55 –12.08 3 –1
Aragonese Union (CHA) 81,160 14.54 +1.76 1 ±0
Aragonese Party (PAR) 22,758 4.08 –0.28 0 ±0
United LeftThe Greens (IU–LV) 15,672 2.81 –0.90 0 ±0
Blank ballots 11,703 2.10 +0.71
Total 558,332 100.00 7 ±0
Valid votes 558,332 99.44 +0.01
Invalid votes 3,118 0.56 –0.01
Votes cast / turnout 561,450 77.25 +5.84
Abstentions 165,361 22.75 –5.84
Registered voters 726,811
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2000 general election[edit]

Summary of the 12 March 2000 Congress of Deputies election results in Zaragoza
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 244,403 47.63 –0.64 4 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' PartyProgressives (PSOE–p) 149,672 29.17 –2.77 2 –1
Aragonese Union (CHA) 65,599 12.78 +4.83 1 +1
Aragonese Party (PAR) 22,382 4.36 New 0 ±0
United Left of Aragon (IU) 19,059 3.71 –6.36 0 ±0
Blank ballots 7,138 1.39 +0.25
Total 513,159 100.00 7 ±0
Valid votes 513,159 99.43 –0.13
Invalid votes 2,934 0.57 +0.13
Votes cast / turnout 516,093 71.41 –6.06
Abstentions 206,576 28.59 +6.06
Registered voters 722,669
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1996 general election[edit]

Summary of the 3 March 1996 Congress of Deputies election results in Zaragoza
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's PartyAragonese Party (PP–PAR)1 263,868 48.27 –4.12 4 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 174,567 31.94 –0.46 3 ±0
United Left of Aragon (IU) 55,019 10.07 –1.11 0 –1
Aragonese Union (CHA) 43,477 7.95 +7.08 0 ±0
Blank ballots 6,221 1.14 +0.42
Total 546,598 100.00 7 ±0
Valid votes 546,598 99.56 +0.12
Invalid votes 2,433 0.44 –0.12
Votes cast / turnout 549,031 77.47 –1.28
Abstentions 159,701 22.53 +1.28
Registered voters 708,732
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1993 general election[edit]

Summary of the 6 June 1993 Congress of Deputies election results in Zaragoza
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 174,061 32.40 –5.63 3 ±0
People's Party (PP) 172,753 32.16 +4.70 2 ±0
Aragonese Party (PAR) 108,690 20.23 +9.62 1 ±0
United Left of Aragon (IU) 60,074 11.18 –0.08 1 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 5,765 1.07 –6.10 0 ±0
Blank ballots 3,883 0.72 –0.14
Total 537,237 100.00 7 ±0
Valid votes 537,237 99.44 +0.07
Invalid votes 3,033 0.56 –0.07
Votes cast / turnout 540,270 78.75 +8.66
Abstentions 145,777 21.25 –8.66
Registered voters 686,047
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1989 general election[edit]

Summary of the 29 October 1989 Congress of Deputies election results in Zaragoza
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 174,107 38.03 –5.56 3 –1
People's Party (PP)1 125,728 27.46 +2.31 2 ±0
United Left (IU) 51,546 11.26 +7.49 1 +1
Regionalist Aragonese Party (PAR) 48,579 10.61 –1.00 1 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 32,826 7.17 –3.70 0 –1
Ruiz-Mateos Group (Ruiz-Mateos) 5,317 1.16 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 3,952 0.86 +0.06
Total 457,862 100.00 7 –1
Valid votes 457,862 99.37 +1.49
Invalid votes 2,897 0.63 –1.49
Votes cast / turnout 460,759 70.09 –0.65
Abstentions 196,608 29.91 +0.65
Registered voters 657,367
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1986 general election[edit]

Summary of the 22 June 1986 Congress of Deputies election results in Zaragoza
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 198,260 43.59 –7.70 4 –1
People's Coalition (APPDPPL)1 114,389 25.15 –6.34 2 –1
Regionalist Aragonese Party (PAR) 52,813 11.61 New 1 +1
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 49,425 10.87 +6.87 1 +1
United Left (IU)2 17,147 3.77 +0.46 0 ±0
Communists' Unity Board (MUC) 6,726 1.48 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 3,616 0.80 +0.12
Total 454,801 100.00 8 ±0
Valid votes 454,801 97.88 +0.89
Invalid votes 9,859 2.12 –0.89
Votes cast / turnout 464,660 70.74 –12.46
Abstentions 192,182 29.26 +12.46
Registered voters 656,842
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1982 general election[edit]

Summary of the 28 October 1982 Congress of Deputies election results in Zaragoza
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 255,402 51.29 +24.54 5 +2
People's Alliance–People's Democratic–Aragonese Party (APPDPPAR)1 156,800 31.49 +17.12 3 +2
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 34,044 6.84 –29.29 0 –4
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 19,918 4.00 New 0 ±0
Communist Party of Aragon (PCA–PCE) 16,492 3.31 –4.70 0 ±0
Blank ballots 3,276 0.66 +0.28
Total 498,002 100.00 8 ±0
Valid votes 498,002 96.99 –1.41
Invalid votes 15,448 3.01 +1.41
Votes cast / turnout 513,450 83.20 +12.36
Abstentions 103,680 16.80 –12.36
Registered voters 617,130
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1979 general election[edit]

Summary of the 1 March 1979 Congress of Deputies election results in Zaragoza
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 153,457 36.13 +4.36 4 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)1 113,600 26.75 –9.47 3 –1
Regionalist Aragonese Party (PAR)2 38,042 8.96 +0.44 1 ±0
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 34,000 8.01 +2.86 0 ±0
Democratic Coalition (CD)3 22,969 5.41 –2.58 0 ±0
Party of Labour of Spain (PTE)4 19,883 4.68 +2.70 0 ±0
Coalition for Aragon (PSAr–PSDA) 17,242 4.06 New 0 ±0
National Union (UN)5 7,843 1.85 +1.31 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,635 0.38 +0.02
Total 424,731 100.00 8 ±0
Valid votes 424,731 98.40 –0.07
Invalid votes 6,926 1.60 +0.07
Votes cast / turnout 431,657 70.84 –10.09
Abstentions 177,649 29.16 +10.09
Registered voters 609,306
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1977 general election[edit]

Summary of the 15 June 1977 Congress of Deputies election results in Zaragoza
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 138,575 31.77 3
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 111,293 25.51 3
People's Socialist PartySocialist Unity (PSP–US) 46,737 10.71 1
Centre Independent Aragonese Candidacy (CAIC) 37,183 8.52 1
People's Alliance (AP) 34,857 7.99 0
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 22,446 5.15 0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (historical) (PSOEh) 12,328 2.83 0
Democratic Left Front (FDI) 8,656 1.98 0
Federation of Christian Democracy (FPDID) 6,205 1.42 0
Aragonese Christian Democracy (DCAR) 6,014 1.38 0
Aragonese Autonomist Front (FAA) 4,791 1.10 0
Blank ballots 1,578 0.36
Total 436,238 100.00 8
Valid votes 436,238 98.47
Invalid votes 6,758 1.53
Votes cast / turnout 442,996 80.93
Abstentions 104,400 19.07
Registered voters 547,396
Source: Ministry of the Interior

References[edit]

  1. ^ Political Reform Act of 1977, Law No. 1 of January 4, 1977 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 27 December 2016.
  2. ^ a b Spanish Constitution of 1978, December 29, 1978 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 27 December 2016.
  3. ^ Reig Pellicer, Naiara (16 December 2015). "Spanish elections: Begging for the right to vote". cafebabel.co.uk. Retrieved 17 July 2017. 
  4. ^ a b General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985, Organic Law No. 5 of June 19, 1985 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 28 December 2016.
  5. ^ "Constitution" (PDF). congreso.es. Retrieved 19 June 2017. 
  6. ^ a b "Representation of the people Institutional Act". juntaelectoralcentral.es. Retrieved 16 June 2017. 

Coordinates: 41°35′N 1°00′W / 41.583°N 1.000°W / 41.583; -1.000