Zaretan (also known as Zarethan or Zeredathah; Hebrew: צָרְתָן) is a city mentioned in the Bible, as near the location where the Hebrews crossed the Jordan (Joshua 3:16). In the books of Joshua (3:16, KJV "Zaretan") and 1 Kings (4:12 KJV "Zartanah", 7:46 "Zarthan"), it is called Zarethan, but in 2 Chronicles it is called Zeredathah (4:17, KJV).
Zaredathah stood in the Jordan Valley. Nelson Glueck looked for it on the east bank of the river, proposing Tell es-Saidiyeh, but some more recent authors place it on the west bank, one theory identifying it with Tell el-Mezar in Wadi Far'a. Tell el-Mezar is at the site called in Arabic Qerawa, known from antiquity by the name Korea(i) (κορεα[ι]) or Koreous (Kορεους) and located at the foot of Mount Sartabe.
The old identification of the site of the miracle of the Israelites' crossing of the Jordan with the waters stopping their flow at the "city of Adam beside Zaretan" was, according to the Easton's Bible Dictionary (1893 and 1897), presumed to be near Succoth, where the Jabbok flows into the Jordan, about 30 miles upstream from the Israelite camp. There the priests stepped into the water, which then "stood and rose upon an heap", thus creating a 30-mile stretch of dry riverbed for the tribes to use for crossing over to the Promised Land (Joshua 3:16, 17; compare Psalms 104:3).
- Easton, Matthew George. Zaretan. The Ultimate Bible Dictionary, Volume 3: O-Z (reprint ed.). Jazzybee Verlag. p. 246. ISBN 9783849694036. Retrieved 19 June 2020.
- Mittmann, Siegfried (1970). Beiträge zur Siedlungs- und Territorialgeschichte des nördlichen Ostjordanlandes (lit.: Contributions to the settlement and territorial history of northern Transjordan). Volume 2 of Abhandlungen, Deutscher Verein zur Erforschung Palästinas (in German). Otto Harrassowitz Verlag. p. 220. ISBN 9783447000185. ISSN 0173-1904. Retrieved 19 June 2020.
- Keel, Othmar; Küchler, Max; Uehlinger, Christoph (1982). Orte und Landschaften der Bibel (Sites and landscapes of the Bible) (in German). 2: Der Süden (The South). Benziger - Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht. p. 566. ISBN 978-3-545-23042-2. Retrieved 19 June 2020.
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Easton, Matthew George (1897). Easton's Bible Dictionary (New and revised ed.). T. Nelson and Sons. Missing or empty