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Zarihs serve as a marker for the tombs of religious figures, and as a symbol of their sacred nature. Zarihs are funded by donations, it is considered a blessing to do so, according to Shia. The construction and installation of zarihs are often done on a volunteer basis, made as a waqf with its creators demanding no pay for their work.
A zarih is built from fine materials by skilled craftsmen; from calligraphers, metal workers, jewelers, carpenters, designers[specify] and engineers. Zarihs can be the size of a small room[vague] and are commonly built by hand in a process that often takes several years. Not all zarihs are of the same quality however, the most intricate zarihs found, are often in the shrines of Shia Imams and are seldom built, these zarihs take longer to construct and use more sophisticated materials and methods.
The walls of a zarih are filled with verses from the Quran, names of holy figures and other religious artwork. Notable installations are found in the Imam Husayn Shrine, the Al Abbas Mosque, the Sayyidah Ruqayya Mosque , the Abdul Qadir Jilani Mosque, The Junaid Baghdadi with Sirri Saqti shrine and the Imam Ali Mosque.
- Saman Kojouri (27 November 2012). "Iran unveils new "Zarih" for Imam Hossein's Shrine". Press TV. Archived from the original on 7 December 2014. Retrieved 1 July 2017.