16 July 1937
|Died||25 April 2020 (aged 82)|
Zarina Hashmi (née Rashid; 16 July 1937 – 25 April 2020), known professionally as Zarina, was an Indian American artist and printmaker based in New York City. Her work spans drawing, printmaking, and sculpture. Associated with the minimalist movement, her work utilized abstract and geometric forms in order to evoke a spiritual reaction from the viewer.
Zarina Rashid was born on 16 July 1937 in Aligarh, India, to Sheikh Abdur Rashid, faculty at Aligarh Muslim University, and Fahmida Begum, a homemaker. Zarina earned a degree in mathematics, BS (Honours) from the Aligarh Muslim University in 1958. She then studied a variety of printmaking methods in Thailand, and at Atelier 17 studio in Paris, apprenticing to Stanley William Hayter, and with printmaker Tōshi Yoshida in Tokyo, Japan. She lived and worked in New York City.
During the 1980s, Zarina served as a board member of the New York Feminist Art Institute and an instructor of papermaking workshops at the affiliated Women's Center for Learning. While on the editorial board of the feminist art journal Heresies, she contributed to the "Third World Women" issue.
Zarina's art was informed by her identity as a Muslim-born Indian woman, as well as a lifetime spent traveling from place to place. She used visual elements from Islamic religious decoration, especially the regular geometry commonly found in Islamic architecture. The abstract and spare geometric style of her early works has been compared to that of minimalists such as Sol LeWitt.
Zarina's work explored the concept of home as a fluid, abstract space that transcends physicality or location. Her work often featured symbols that call to mind such ideas as movement, diaspora, and exile. For example, her woodblock print Paper Like Skin depicts a thin black line meandering upward across a white background, dividing the page from the bottom right corner to the top left corner. The line possesses a cartographic quality that, in its winding and angular division of the page, suggests a border between two places, or perhaps a topographical chart of a journey that is yet unfinished. For her Delhi series, she created a woodcut print based on an engraving of the city of Shajahanabad as it stood before the siege of 1857.
Awards and fellowships
- 2007: Residency, University of Richmond, Richmond, Virginia
- 2006: Residency, Montalvo Arts Center, Saratoga, California
- 2002: Residency, Williams College, Williamstown, Massachusetts
- 1994: Residency, Art-Omi, Omi, New York
- 1991: Residency, Women's Studio Workshop, Rosendale, New York
- 1990: Adolph and Esther Gottlieb Foundation grant, New York Foundation for the Arts Fellowship
- 1989: Grand Prize, International Biennial of Prints, Bhopal, India
- 1985: New York Foundation for the Arts Fellowship, New York
- 1984: Printmaking Workshop Fellowship, New York
- 1974: Japan Foundation Fellowship, Tokyo
- 1969: President's Award for Printmaking, India
|Year||Name of exhibition||Name of gallery||Place|
|2019–20||Zarina, A Life in Nine Lines||Kiran Nadar Museum of Art||New Delhi, India|
|Zarina: Atlas of Her World||Pulitzer Arts Foundation||St. Louis, USA|
|2018||Zarina||Luhring Augustine||New York, USA|
|Zarina: Weaving Darkness and Silence||Gallery Espace||New Delhi, India|
|2017–18||Zarina: Dark Roads||Asian/Pacific/American Institute at New York University||New York, USA|
|2016||Life Lines||Gallerie Jeanne Bucher Jaeger||Paris, France|
|2014||Zarina: Descending Darkness||Luhring Augustine||New York, USA|
|Zarina: Folding House||Gallery Espace||New Delhi, India|
|2012–13||Zarina: Paper like Skin||Armand Hammer Museum of Art and Culture Centre||Los Angeles, USA|
|Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum||New York, USA|
|The Art Institute of Chicago||Chicago, USA|
|2011||Zarina Hashmi: Noor||Galerie Jaeger Bucher||Paris, France|
|Zarina Hashmi: Recent Works, Gallery||Gallery Espace||New Delhi, India|
|Zarina Hashmi: Anamnesis, 1970–1989||The Contemporary Art Gallery||Mumbai, India|
|2009||The Ten Thousand Things||Luhring Augustine||New York, USA|
|2007||Directions to My House||Shanghai Contemporary 07 Art Fair||Shanghai, China|
|Zarina: Paper Houses||Gallery Espace||New Delhi, India|
|Weaving Memory 1990–2006||Bodhi Art||Singapore|
|2006||Zarina: Silent Soliloquy||Bodhi Art||Singapore|
|2005||Zarina Counting, 1977-2005||Bose Pacia||New York, USA|
|2004||Cities, Countries and Borders, Prints by Zarina||Gallery Chemould||Mumbai, India|
|Gallery Espace||New Delhi, India|
|Chawkandi Gallery||Karachi, Pakistan|
|Gallery Rohtas 2||Lahore, Pakistan|
|2003||Maps, Homes and Itineraries||Gallery Lux||San Francisco, USA|
|2002||Home is a Foreign Place||Korn Gallery, Drew University||Madison, New Jersey|
|2001||Zarina, Mapping a Life, 1991–2001||Mills College Art Museum||Oakland, USA|
|2000||Home is a Foreign Place, Admit One||Gallery Espace||New York, USA|
|Chawkandi Gallery||Karachi, Pakistan|
|1994||Homes I Made||Faculty Gallery||University of California, Santa Cruz|
|1993||Chawkandi Gallery||Karachi, Pakistan|
|1992||House with Four Walls||Bronx Museum of the Arts||New York, USA|
|1990||Zarina: Recent Work; Bronze, Cast Paper, Etchings||Roberta English Gallery||San Francisco, USA|
|1985||Zarina Hashmi: Paper Works||Art Heritage||New Delhi, India|
|Chitrakoot Gallery||Calcutta, India|
|Gallery Cymrosa||Bombay, India|
|Chawkandi Gallery||Karachi, Pakistan|
|1983||Satori Gallery||San Francisco, USA|
|1981||Zarina: Cast Paper Works||Hebert F. Johnson Museum of Art, Cornell University||Ithaca, New York, USA|
|Zarina: Recent Cast Paper Works||Orion Editions||New York, USA|
|1977||Gallery Alana||Oslo, Norway|
|1976||India Ink Gallery||Los Angeles, USA|
|1974||Zarina: Screenprints, Tapestries||Triveni Kala Sangam||New Delhi, India|
|Serigraphs by Zarina||India Ink Gallery||Los Angeles, USA|
|1973||Zarina: Woodprints||India Ink Gallery||Los Angeles, USA|
|1972||Chanakya Gallery||New Delhi, India|
|Gallery F-15, Jeløya||Moss, Norway|
|1971||Chanakya Gallery||New Delhi, India|
|Cultural Centre Ora||Athens, Greece|
|1970||Graphics by Zarina||Pundole Art Gallery||Bombay, India|
|1969||Gallery Chanakya||New Delhi, India|
|1968||Kunika-Chemould Art Centre||New Delhi, India|
The Hammer Museum in Los Angeles organized the first retrospective of her work in 2012. Entitled Zarina: Paper Like Skin, the exhibition traveled to the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum and the Art Institute of Chicago.
During the 2017–18 academic year, Zarina was the Artist-in-Residence at the Asian/Pacific/American Institute at NYU. The residency culminated in a solo exhibition, Zarina: Dark Roads (6 October 2017 – 2 February 2018) and a publication, Directions to My House.
Examples of her work are in the permanent collections of the Museum of Modern Art, the Whitney Museum of American Art, the National Gallery of Art, and the Bibliothèque nationale de France.
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- Great Women Artists. Phaidon Press. 2019. p. 443. ISBN 978-0714878775.
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- Butler, Cornelia (2007). Wack! Art and the Feminist Revolution. MIT Press. p. 320.
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- "Zarina – A Life in Nine Lines". Kiran Nadar Museum of Art. 3 March 2020. Retrieved 30 March 2023.
- "Zarina: Atlas of Her World". Pulitzer Arts Foundation. Retrieved 30 March 2023.
- "Zarina - - Exhibitions - Luhring Augustine". www.luhringaugustine.com. Retrieved 30 March 2023.
- "Weaving darkness and silence". Gallery Espace. 15 February 2021. Retrieved 30 March 2023.
- "Zarina: Dark Roads (October 6, 2017-February 2, 2018)". Asian/Pacific/American Institute | NYU. 22 August 2017. Retrieved 30 March 2023.
- "Life Lines". Jeanne Bucher Jaeger. Retrieved 30 March 2023.
- "Zarina - Descending Darkness - Exhibitions - Luhring Augustine". www.luhringaugustine.com. Retrieved 30 March 2023.
- "Folding House by Zarina". Gallery Espace. 14 May 2021. Retrieved 30 March 2023.
- "Zarina: Paper Like Skin | Hammer Museum". hammer.ucla.edu. Retrieved 30 March 2023.
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- "Noor". Jeanne Bucher Jaeger. Retrieved 30 March 2023.
- "Zarina Hashmi-Recent Works". Gallery Espace. 6 July 2021. Retrieved 30 March 2023.
- "Paper Houses by Zarina Hashmi". Gallery Espace. 7 July 2021. Retrieved 30 March 2023.
- "Pavilion of India". La Biennale. Retrieved 7 March 2015.
- "Zarina: Paper Like Skin". Hammer Museum. Retrieved 14 March 2014.
- "Artist Bio: Zarina Hashmi". Luhring Augustine. Retrieved 14 March 2014.
- "Asian/Pacific/American Institute Announces Zarina Hashmi As Artist-in-Residence 2017–18". New York University. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
- "Zarina Hashmi Dark Roads". ArtAsiaPacific. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
- ""Directions to My House"--A Life Story through Words, Photographs, and Art". New York University. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
- "Zarina | MoMA". The Museum of Modern Art. Retrieved 18 April 2022.
- "Zarina". Whitney Museum of American Art. Retrieved 18 April 2022.
- Tylec, Laurie (15 April 2022). "Acquisition: Zarina". National Gallery of Art. Retrieved 18 April 2022.
- "Zarina". Jeanne Bucher Jaeger. Retrieved 11 January 2020.