Zarina (artist)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Photo of Zarina (artist).jpg
Zarina Rashid[1]

(1937-07-16)16 July 1937
Died25 April 2020(2020-04-25) (aged 82)
London, England
United States
EducationAtelier 17

Zarina Hashmi (16 July 1937 – 25 April 2020), known professionally as Zarina, was an Indian-American artist and printmaker based in New York City. Her work spans drawing, printmaking, and sculpture. Associated with the Minimalist movement, her work utilized abstract and geometric forms in order to evoke a spiritual reaction from the viewer.[2]


Born Zarina Rashid on 16 July 1937[1][3] in Aligarh, British India to Sheikh Abdur Rashid, faculty at Aligarh Muslim University, and Fahmida Begum, a homemaker, Zarina earned a degree in mathematics, BS (honors) from the Aligarh Muslim University in 1958. She then studied variety of printmaking methods in Thailand, and at Atelier 17 studio in Paris,[4] apprenticing to Stanley William Hayter,[5] and with printmaker Tōshi Yoshida in Tokyo, Japan.[6] She lived and worked in New York City.[7]

During the 1980s, Zarina served as a board member of the New York Feminist Art Institute and an instructor of papermaking workshops at the affiliated Women's Center for Learning. While on the editorial board of the feminist art journal Heresies, she contributed to the "Third World Women" issue.[8]

Zarina died in London from complications of Alzheimer's disease on 25 April 2020.[1][9][10]


Zarina's art was informed by her identity as a Muslim-born Indian woman, as well as a lifetime spent traveling from place to place.[11] She used visual elements from Islamic religious decoration, especially the regular geometry commonly found in Islamic architecture. The abstract and spare geometric style of her early works has been compared to that of minimalists such as Sol LeWitt.[11]

Zarina's work explored the concept of home as a fluid, abstract space that transcends physicality or location. Her work often featured symbols that call to mind such ideas as movement, diaspora, exile. For example, woodblock print Paper Like Skin depicts a thin black line meandering upward across a white background, dividing the page from the bottom right corner to the top left corner. The line possesses a cartographic quality that, in its winding and angular division of the page, suggests a border between two places, or perhaps a topographical chart of a journey that is yet unfinished.[12]

Awards and fellowships[13][edit]

  • 2007: Residency, University of Richmond, Richmond, Virginia
  • 2006: Residency, Montalvo Art Centre, Saratoga, California
  • 2002: Residency, William College, Williamstown, Massachusetts
  • 1994: Residency, Art-Omi, Omi, New York
  • 1991: Residency, Womens Studio Workshop, Rosendale, New York
  • 1990: Adolph and Esther Gottlieb Foundation Grant, New York foundation of the arts fellowship
  • 1989: International Biennial of Prints, Bhopal, India (Grand Prize)
  • 1985: New York Foundation for the arts Fellowship, New York
  • 1984: Printmaking Workshop Fellowship, New York
  • 1974: Japan Foundation Fellowship, Tokyo
  • 1969: President's Award for Printmaking, India

Solo exhibitions[14][edit]

Year Name of Exhibition Name of Gallery Place
2011 Zarina Hashmi: Noor Galerie Jaeger Bucher Paris, France
Zarina Hashmi: Recent Works, Gallery Gallery Espace New Delhi, India
Zarina Hashmi: Anamnesis, 1970-1989 The Contemporary Art Gallery Mumbai, India
2009 The Ten Thousand Things Luhring Augustine New York, USA
2007 Zarina: Paper Houses Gallery Espace New Delhi, India
Weaving Memory 1990-2006 Bodhi Art Singapore
2006 Zarina: Silent Soliloquy Bodhi Art Singapore
2005 Zarina Counting, 1977-2005 Bose Pacia New York, USA
2004 Cities, Countries and Borders, Prints by Zarina Gallery Chemould Mumbai, India
Gallery Espace New Delhi, India
Chawkandi Gallery Karachi, Pakistan
Gallery Rohtas 2 Lahore, Pakistan
2003 Maps, Homes and Itineraries Gallery Lux San Francisco, USA
2002 Home is a Foreign Place Korn Gallery, Drew University Madison, New Jersey
2001 Zarina, Mapping a Life, 1991-2001 Mills College Art Museum Oakland, USA
2000 Home is a Foreign Place, Admit One Gallery Espace New York, USA
Chawkandi Gallery Karachi, Pakistan
1994 Homes I Made Faculty Gallery University of California, Santa Cruz
1993 Chawkandi Gallery Karachi, Pakistan
1992 House with Four Walls Bronx Museum of the Arts New York, USA
1990 Zarina: Recent Work; Bronze, Cast Paper, Etchings Roberta English Gallery San Francisco, USA
1985 Zarina Hashmi: Paper Works Art Heritage New Delhi, India
Chitrakoot Gallery Calcutta, India
Gallery Cymrosa Bombay, India
Chawkandi Gallery Karachi, Pakistan
1983 Satori Gallery San Francisco, USA
1981 Zarina: Cast Paper Works Hebert F. Johnson Museum of Art, Cornell University Ithaca, New York, USA
Zarina: Recent Cast Paper Works Orion Editions New York, USA
1977 Gallery Alana Oslo, Norway
1976 India Ink Gallery Los Angeles, USA
1974 Zarina: Screenprints, Tapestries Triveni Kala Sangam New Delhi, India
Serigraphs by Zarina India Ink Gallery Los Angeles, USA
1973 Zarina: Woodprints India Ink Gallery Los Angeles, USA
1972 Chanakya Gallery New Delhi, India
Gallery F-15, Jeløya Moss, Norway
1971 Chanakya Gallery New Delhi, India
Cultural Centre Ora Athens, Greece
1970 Graphics by Zarina Pundole Art Gallery Bombay, India
1968 Kunika-Chemould Art Centre New Delhi, India

Selected exhibitions[edit]

Zarina was one of four artists/artist-groups to represent India in its first entry at the Venice Biennale in 2011.[15]

The Hammer Museum in Los Angeles organized the first retrospective of her work in 2012.[16] Entitled Zarina: Paper Like Skin, the exhibition traveled to the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum and the Art Institute of Chicago.[17]

During the 2017–18 academic year Zarina was the Artist-in-Residence at the Asian/Pacific/American Institute at NYU.[18] The residency culminated in a solo exhibition, Zarina: Dark Roads (6 October 2017 – 2 February 2018)[19] and a publication, Directions to My House.[20]

Examples of her work are in the permanent art collections of the Museum of Modern Art, the Whitney Museum of American Art, and Bibliothèque Nationale de France.[16][21]


  1. ^ a b c Cotter, Holland (5 May 2020). "Zarina Hashmi, Artist of a World in Search of Home, Dies at 82". The New York Times. Retrieved 5 May 2020.
  2. ^ "Zarina: Paper Like Skin". Art Institute of Chicago. Retrieved 1 February 2014.
  3. ^ Phaidon Editors (2019). Great women artists. Phaidon Press. p. 443. ISBN 978-0714878775. {{cite book}}: |last1= has generic name (help)
  4. ^ Presenti, Allegra (2012). Zarina Paper Like Skin. Hammer Museum, California: Hammer Museum and DelMonico Books. p. 182. ISBN 978-3-7913-5166-7.
  5. ^ Ollman, Leah (2 February 2013). "Zarina Hashmi". Art in America. Retrieved 14 March 2014.
  6. ^ "Artist Bio: Zarina Hashmi". Gallery Espace. Retrieved 23 November 2016.
  7. ^ "Third World Women: The Politics of Being Other" (PDF). Heresies Collective. 1979. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
  8. ^ Scroll Staff (26 April 2020). "Artist Zarina Hashmi dies at 83". Retrieved 28 April 2020.
  9. ^ "Artist Zarina Hashmi passes away in London". Hindustan Times. 26 April 2020. Retrieved 28 April 2020.
  10. ^ a b Butler, Cornelia (2007). Wack! Art and the Feminist Revolution. MIT Press. p. 320.
  11. ^ "Zarina: Paper Like Skin". Guggenheim. 25 January 2013. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
  12. ^ Pesenti, Allegra (2012). Zarina Paper Like Skin. Hammer Museum, Los Angeles, California: Hammer Museum and DelMonico Books. p. 182. ISBN 978-3-7913-5166-7.
  13. ^ Pesenti, Allegra; Poddar, Sandhini; Mufti, Aamir (2012). Zarina Paper Like Skin. Hammer Museum, Los Angeles, California: Hammer Museum and DelMonico Books. pp. 182–183. ISBN 978-3-7913-5166-7.
  14. ^ "Pavilion of India". La Biennale. Retrieved 7 March 2015.
  15. ^ a b "Zarina: Paper Like Skin". Hammer Museum. Retrieved 14 March 2014.
  16. ^ "Artist Bio: Zarina Hashmi". Luhring Augustine. Retrieved 14 March 2014.
  17. ^ "Asian/Pacific/American Institute Announces Zarina Hashmi As Artist-in-Residence 2017–18". New York University. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
  18. ^ "Zarina Hashmi Dark Roads". ArtAsiaPacific. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
  19. ^ ""Directions to My House"--A Life Story through Words, Photographs, and Art". New York University. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
  20. ^ "Zarina". Jeanne Bucher Jaeger. Retrieved 11 January 2020.

External links[edit]