ZiL

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AMO-ZiL
Formerly
  • AMO (1916–1931)
  • ZiS (1931–1956)
Joint-stock
Traded asMCXZILL
IndustryAutomotive
FateProduction ended in 2012
FoundedMoscow, Russia (1916 (1916))
HeadquartersMoscow, Russia
Key people
  • Igor Zakharov (CEO)
  • Konstantin Laptev (General Director, 2002–present)
Products
  • Luxury automobiles
  • Heavy road vehicles
  • Offroad vehicles
  • Military vehicles
Revenue$12.1 million[1] (2016)
-$19 million[1] (2016)
-$21.5 million[1] (2016)
OwnerCity of Moscow Property Department[2]
Websitewww.amo-zil.ru

AMO ZiL, known fully as the Public Joint-Stock Company – Likhachov Plant (Russian: Публичное акционерное общество – Завод имени Лихачёва, translit. Publichnoye aktsionernoye obshchestvo – Zavod imeni Likhachyova) and more commonly called ZiL (Russian: ЗиЛ), was a major Russian automobile, truck, military vehicle, and heavy equipment manufacturer that was based in Moscow, Russia.

The last ZiL vehicle was assembled in 2012. The company continues to exist only as real-estate development site, on which a new urban district will be built by the LSR Group construction company.[3]

1916 plan for the AMO factory
Plant buildings facade at Avtozavodskaya street, demolished in 2014

History[edit]

Comprehensive development of the territory of ZIL (July 2016).

The factory was founded on 2nd August 1916 as the Moscow Automotive Society or AMO (Russian: Автомобильное Московское Общество (АМО), translit. Avtomobilnoe Moskovskoe Obshchestvo (AMO)). The factory was completed in 1917, just before the Revolution, and was built south of Moscow near Moscow River in Tjufeleva grove. It was a modern building with the latest in American equipment and was designed to employ 6,000 workers.[4] The plans were to produce Fiat F-15 1.5-ton trucks under license. Because of the October Revolution and the subsequent Russian Civil War it took until 1st November 1924 to produce the first vehicle which was shown at a parade in 7th of November, the AMO-F15. Nevertheless the factory sill managed to assemble trucks bought from Italy in 1917-1919. In April 30 1923 the factory was named after an Italian coummunist Pietro Ferrero, but in 1925 was renamed to First National Automobile Factory (Russian: 1-й Государственный автомобильный завод). 2 years later in 1927 Ivan Likhachov was appointed as a head of the factory, a person whose name the factory bears from 1956. In April 1929, it was agreed on to expand the plant to build Autocar 2.5-ton truck models.[5][6][7]

In 1931 the factory was re-equipped and expanded with the help of the American A.J. Brandt Co., and changed its name to Automotive Factory No. 2 Zavod Imeni Stalina (ZIS or ZiS). After Nikita Khrushchev denounced the cult of personality of Joseph Stalin in 1956, the name was changed again to Zavod imeni Likhachyova, after its former director Ivan Alekseevich Likhachov.

ZiL lanes—road lanes dedicated to vehicles carrying top Soviet officials—were named after the car.

Zil has a history of exporting trucks to Cuba, a trade resumed in the early 21st century.[8] The ZiL factory is portrayed in a 2014 documentary, The Last Limousine.[9]

Moscow administration has stopped truck production and the company will be liquidated. ZiL still exists as a legal entity, but produces no vehicles. In 2014 it was announced that the factory site will be turned into a residential development.[10] Most factory buildings were dismantled in 2015.[11]

The factory's equipment and other automotive assets were auctioned off to a new company, "MSTs6 AMO ZIL". It employs 47 staff, mostly former ZiL workers.[12] The company took part in the Moscow International Automobile Salon 2016.[13]

Awards[edit]

  • In June 1942 the VMS was awarded the first Order of Lenin for the excellent organization of the production of ammunition and weapons.
  • In October 1944 the plant was awarded the Order of Red Banner of Labour.
  • In November 1949 a second plant was awarded the Order of Lenin for merits in development of the Soviet autostructure and in connection with the 25th anniversary of the Soviet car.
  • In 1971 the plant was awarded the Order of Lenin for the third successful implementation of the Eighth Five-Year Plan.
  • In 1975 the plant was awarded the Order of the October Revolution for the successful completion of works on creation of capacities up to 200 thousand cars per year issuance.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c http://www.amo-zil.ru/upload/iblock/6db/xyvlwoximzxwdavkljvfyrorps%20nxtxyrvtdriaauzxrdym%20okvjqu%20aflpxz_2016.pdf.
  2. ^ "Список аффилированных лиц". e-disclosure.ru. Retrieved 26 August 2017.
  3. ^ "99 Years of ZiL: From Car Plant To Potential New Heart of Moscow?". Moscow Times. Retrieved 5 April 2017.
  4. ^ Sutton, Antony C. (1968). Western technology and Soviet economic development, 1917 to 1930. Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace. pp. 244–249.
  5. ^ "AMO-ZIL website, history 1916-1923" (in Russian).
  6. ^ "AMO-ZIL website, history 1924-1931" (in Russian).
  7. ^ Завод и люди. 1916–2016: В 3 томах. Том 1 [Plant and People. 1916-2016. In 3 volumes. Volume 1] (PDF) (in Russian). Moscow: Moscow Polytechnic University. 2016. pp. 14–155. ISBN 978-5-2760-2388-5.
  8. ^ ZIL resume exports to Cuba
  9. ^ "'The Last Limousine' ('Posledniy limusin'): Vladivostok Review". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 9 June 2017.
  10. ^ Нехлебова, Наталия (31 October 2016). "ЗИЛ после жизни". Журнал "Огонёк". p. 10. Retrieved 9 June 2017.
  11. ^ Sorokina, Anna (8 August 2017). "How a Soviet auto giant became a ghost factory". Russia Beyond The Headlines. Retrieved 22 August 2017.
  12. ^ "Завод индивидуальных лимузинов". Русский Автомобиль (in Russian). Retrieved 9 June 2017.
  13. ^ "Стенд ЗИЛ на Московском автосалоне" (in Russian). Livecars.ru. Retrieved 9 June 2017.

External links[edit]