|Elevation||551 m (1,808 ft)|
|Location||South Sandwich Islands, United Kingdom|
Zavodovski Island is an uninhabited volcanic island in the Traversay Islands group of the South Sandwich Islands. It lies 350 kilometres (217 mi) southeast of South Georgia Island. It is the northernmost of the South Sandwich Islands and the nearest to South Georgia.
Zavodovski Island was discovered and named by the Russian Antarctic explorer Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen on Christmas Eve, 1819. Bellingshausen named it after Lieutenant Ivan Zavodovski, who was captain of his ship, the Vostok.
The island is approximately 5 kilometres (3.1 miles) across with a peak elevation of 551 metres (1,808 feet) above sea level. The stratovolcano Mount Asphyxia dominates the western side of the island while the eastern half is a low-lying lava plain. Mount Asphyxia is believed to be active, with fresh lava reported in 1830 and numerous indications of activity since. Approximately 50% of the island is composed of tephra. A volcanic eruption was identified on the island on 2 May 2012, although the size of the eruptions is unknown.
Mount Asphyxia erupted in March 2016, by July, between one third and one half of the island was covered in ash, putting the penguin colonies at risk. A scientific expedition later in the year will determine how affected the penguin colonies have been.
The island is home to around a million pairs of breeding chinstrap penguins, making it one of the world's largest penguin colonies.
In popular culture
The island was the inspiration for the track '(Something's going down on) Zavodovski Island' by London Jazz ensemble, the Portico Quartet.
- Antarctic Islands - South Sandwich Archived August 20, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Satellite Spies Smoking, Hot Sandwich: Big Pic : Discovery News". Retrieved 2012-05-03.
- "Penguin colonies at risk from erupting volcano". phys.org. Retrieved 7 July 2016.