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Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Diptera
Family: Chironomidae
Subfamily: Chironominae
Tribe: Tanytarsini
Subtribe: Zavreliina
Genus: Zavrelia
Kieffer, Thienemann & Bause in Bause, 1913[1]
Type species
Zavrelia pentatoma
Kieffer & Bause in Bause, 1914

Zavrelia is a genus of European non-biting midges in the subfamily Chironominae of the bloodworm family Chironomidae.[2]

Species of the genus are small to minute chironomids, which are recorded from both continents of the northern hemisphere. All known larvae of Zavrelia construct small, straight transportable cases of sand, silt, detritus and sometimes diatoms that function as retreats until the mature pupa swims to the surface prior to its adult emergence.[1]



  1. ^ a b c d e f Torbjørn, Ekrem; Elisabeth Stur (2009). "A review of the genus Zavrelia (Diptera: Chironomidae)" (PDF). Eur. J. Entomol. 106: 119–144. ISSN 1802-8829. Retrieved 2009-04-30. 
  2. ^ Ekrem, Torbjørn. "Systematics and biogeography of Zavrelia, Afrozavrelia and Stempellinella (Diptera: Chironomidae)". Retrieved 2009-04-30.