Zawata

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Zawata
Other transcription(s)
 • Arabic زواتا
Zawata, 2016
Zawata, 2016
Zawata is located in the Palestinian territories
Zawata
Zawata
Location of Zawata within the Palestinian territories
Coordinates: 32°14′45″N 35°13′34″E / 32.24583°N 35.22611°E / 32.24583; 35.22611Coordinates: 32°14′45″N 35°13′34″E / 32.24583°N 35.22611°E / 32.24583; 35.22611
Palestine grid 171/183
Governorate Nablus
Government
 • Type Village council
Population (2006)
 • Jurisdiction 1,900
Name meaning Zawata, personal name[1]

Zawata (Arabic: زواتا‎) is a Palestinian town in the Nablus Governorate in northern West Bank, located 6 kilometers Northwest of Nablus. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS), the town had a population of 1,900 inhabitants in mid-year 2006.[2]

Location[edit]

Zawata is located 4.4 km north of Nablus. It has Ijnisinya and ‘Asira ash Shamaliya to the east, Ijnisinya and An Naqura to the north, An Naqura and Beit Iba to the west, and Beit Iba and Nablus to the south.[3]

History[edit]

Tessera, got at Zawata

Clermont-Ganneau found here tessera, probably from the Ptolemaic period.[4]

Ottoman era[edit]

Zawata, like all of Palestine was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire in 1517. In the 1596 tax registers, it was part of the nahiya ("subdistrict") of Jabal Sami, part of the larger Sanjak of Nablus. It had a population of 11 households, all Muslims. The inhabitants paid a fixed tax rate of 33,3% on agricultural products, including wheat, barley, summer crops, olive trees, goats and beehives, in addition to occasional revenues and a press for olive oil or grape syrup, and a fixed tax for people of Nablus area; a total of 6,944 akçe.[5]

In 1882, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) described Zawata as: "a village of moderate size, on a hill, with springs in the valley to the north."[6]

British mandate era[edit]

In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Zawata had a population of 214 Muslims,[7] increasing in the 1931 census, to 247 Muslims, in 73 houses.[8]

In 1945 the population was 330 Muslims,[9] while the total land area was 3,558 dunams, according to an official land and population survey.[10] Of this, 13 dunams were for citrus and bananas, 334 for plantations and irrigable land, 1,842 for cereals,[11] while 31 dunams were classified as built-up areas.[12]

Jordanian era[edit]

In the wake of the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, and after the 1949 Armistice Agreements, Zawata came under Jordanian rule.

Post 1967[edit]

After the Six-Day War in 1967, Zawata came under Israeli occupation. Part of the village land has been confiscated for the construction of an Israeli military road. This road also cuts off Zawata from its northern most land.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 196
  2. ^ Projected Mid -Year Population for Nablus Governorate by Locality 2004- 2006 Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics
  3. ^ Zawata Village Profile, ARIJ p. 4
  4. ^ Clermont-Ganneau, 1896, pp.330-331
  5. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 125
  6. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP II, p. 162
  7. ^ Barron, 1923, Table IX, p. 24
  8. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 66
  9. ^ Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 19
  10. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 61
  11. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 108
  12. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 158
  13. ^ Zawata Village Profile, ARIJ p. 16

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]