Zdeněk Košler (March 25, 1928 – July 2, 1995) was a Czech conductor, who played an important role in Czech musical life of the second half of 20th century, notably during the sixties and the eighties. He was particularly well known as an opera conductor.
Life and work
Košler came from a musical family. His father was a member of the Prague National Theatre Orchestra, and his younger brother Miroslav was a choirmaster.
After finishing his studies at the gymnasium he enrolled at the AMU in Prague. In 1948, still as a student, he began to work as a répétiteur at the Prague's National Theatre. In that time he began also to gain some experience with the baton. In 1949 Košler joined the Olomouc opera, where he conducted works by Leoš Janáček (The Makropulos Affair) and by W. A. Mozart (Così fan tutte, The Marriage of Figaro). In 1959 he won the International Young Conductors Competition in Besançon, France, and in 1963 he won the respected Mitropoulos conducting competition in New York, together with Claudio Abbado and the Argentinian Pedro Ignacio Calderón, after which he became assistant conductor to Leonard Bernstein at the New York Philharmonic for one year. From 1962 to 1964 Košler was appointed to the Zdeněk Nejedlý Theatre in Ostrava. He worked also with foreign ensembles and opera houses, conducted Richard Strauss's opera Salome at the Vienna State Opera, performed the complete cycle of Dvořák's symphonies with the Vienna Symphony. In the late sixties he also became the guest-conductor at the Comic Opera in Berlin. Košler was hired as the second conductor of the Czech Philharmonic and became the principal conductor of the Bratislava opera house in 1971. From 1980 to 1984 he also led the orchestra of the National Theatre in Prague. He retired in 1992.
Zdeněk Košler was well-known outside Czechoslovakia, as he made concert tours to England, Austria, United States, and Canada. He toured most often to Japan, where he performed with various orchestras thirty times.
- Sleeve note of the Supraphon CD (SU 0077-2 632), p. 31
- Bedřich Smetana: Dalibor. Sleeve note of the Supraphon CD (SU 0077-2 632)
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