Ze’ev Herzog (Hebrew: זאב הרצוג; born 1941) is an Israeli archeologist, professor of archaeology at The Department of Archaeology and Ancient Near Eastern Cultures at Tel Aviv University specializing in social archaeology, ancient architecture and field archaeology. Ze’ev Herzog has been the director of The Sonia and Marco Nadler Institute of Archaeology since 2005, and serves as archaeological advisor to the Israel Nature and National Parks Protection Authority in the preservation and development of National Parks at Arad and Beer Sheba.
Herzog took part in the excavations of Tel Hazor and Tel Megiddo with Yigael Yadin and in excavations at Tel Arad and Tel Be'er Sheva with Yohanan Aharoni. He directed the excavations at Tel Beer Sheba, Tel Michal and Tel Gerisa and in 1997 began a new exploration project at Tel Yafo (ancient Jaffa).
Herzog is among archaeologists who say that “biblical archaeology is not anymore the ruling paradigm in archaeology and that archaeology became an independent discipline with its own conclusions and own observations which indeed present us a picture of a reality of ancient Israel quite different from the one which is described in the biblical stories.”
In 1999 Herzog’s cover page article in the weekly magazine Haaretz "Deconstructing the walls of Jericho" attracted considerable public attention and debates. In this article Herzog cites evidence supporting that "the Israelites were never in Egypt, did not wander in the desert, did not conquer the land in a military campaign and did not pass it on to the 12 tribes of Israel. Perhaps even harder to swallow is the fact that the united monarchy of David and Solomon, which is described by the Bible as a regional power, was at most a small tribal kingdom. And it will come as an unpleasant shock to many that the god of Israel, Jehovah, had a female consort and that the early Israelite religion adopted monotheism only in the waning period of the monarchy and not at Mount Sinai".
Herzog is a co-author of Has King David's Palace in Jerusalem Been Found? which opposes claims made by Eilat Mazar who unearthed what she believed was King David’s palace in Jerusalem, but is now known as the Large Stone Structure.
Herzog has written a number of books and articles, including:
- Beer-Sheba II: The Early Iron Age Settlements (1984)
- Excavations at Tel Michal, Israel (1989) ISBN 978-0-8166-1622-0
- Archaeology of the City: Urban Planning in Ancient Israel and Its Social Implications (1997)
- The Arad Fortresses 1997. [Hebrew].
- Redefining the centre: the emergence of state in Judah 2004
- "Lateline - 24/4/2000: It Aint Necessarily So. Australian Broadcasting Corp". Abc.net.au. Retrieved 11 January 2015.
- "Facts - Mideastfacts". Mideastfacts.org. Retrieved 11 January 2015.
- Israel Finkelstein, Ze’ev Herzog, Lily Singer-Avitz, David Ussishkin (2007). "Has King David's Palace in Jerusalem Been Found?" (PDF). Tel Aviv, journal of the Institute of Archaeology of TAU (TAU) 34 (2).
- Ze'ev Herzog (2001). "Archaeology of the City: Urban Planning in Ancient Israel and Its Social Implications". Jstor.org. pp. 80–85. ISBN 978-965-440-006-0. Retrieved 11 January 2015.
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- Tel Aviv University Department of Archaeology page for Ze'ev Herzog
- The bible: no evidence, Herzog's original 1999 article in Ha'aretz newspaper (in hebrew)
- Deconstructing the walls of Jericho: biblical myth and archaeological reality, article by Ze'ev Herzog
- Has King David's Palace in Jerusalem Been Found? (complete article)