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G. L. Barron
Zeaspora (scientific name Diheterospora zeaspora) is a rare medical condition and species of fungus. It is a condition in which the host or infected is subjugated to quantities of an uncommon species of infectious fungaloid yeast spores or the microorganisms themselves. This condition is highly contagious,and manifests itself in humans, dogs and other mammals, as well as various bird species, such as the common raven. The danger, symptoms can be widely varied. The origins of this rare disease is also not known or still subject to speculation.
The origins of zeaspora is not well known, being an obscure and rarely contracted disease. There are several theories regarding its origin. The most likely, widely accepted by biologists, pathologists, and veterinarians alike is that it arose in the moist subtropical climate of Tierra Del Fuego, first spread by birds in the wet, foggy conditions. From there, it is believed to have been transmitted to resident human populations as well as domesticated livestock and spread northwards. The condition is transmitted in a variety of ways: predominantly through sporing and airborne infection, but physical contact with infected parts can also result in development.
This fungal disease usually appears to be very similar to conventional yeast infections. Zeaspora can, however, be manifested as color ranging anywhere from white to dark gray in later stages and feeling from smooth and damp to rough and irregular in later stages. The fungus especially colonizes moist or sheltered areas of the body, such as the groin area, armpits, and mouth, but in severe, advanced or untreated cases can spread to other parts. The disease is rarely lethal, but is characterized by itchiness and swelling in the afflicted regions. In some rare cases (0.2%), the disease can become very painful, with burning inflammation. This is usually a result of an allergic reaction to the fungus, but can also be brought on by certain medications. Normally, zeaspora's progression in humans and most mammals lasts anywhere from 3–8 weeks, depending on medication, climate (the pathogen appears to favor colder, damp climates) and the infected individual. It has been shown to exist in birds, most notably the common raven for much longer periods of time.
The most effective treatment is widely debated but there are many methods of combating this ailment is the use of ethanol solution application, though it is not advisable for all versions of the disease, depending on afflicted region and progression and because of pain complications. The use of diuretics concerning infection of genitalia may also be employed to stop and eliminate the infection, though the process may take several weeks. In addition, the fungal yeast spores are notorious for recurring in more than a quarter of patients.
- "Names Record". Species Fungorum. Retrieved 8 February 2017.
- British Zoological Society Magazine 1964
- Auckerland Diseases Compilation- Boston 1986
- Barker-Friebe Medical Journal 1999