Zeboim (Hebrew Bible)

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Zeboim is the name in English of two or three places in the Bible:

  1. Zeboim, Zeboiim or Tzvoyim (Hebrew: צְבֹויִים, Modern Tsvoyim, Tiberian Ṣəḇôyîm, "Deer (plural); goats; gazelles; roes") was one of the "five cities of the plain" of Sodom, generally coupled with Admah (Gen. 10:19; 14:2; Deut.29:23; Hos. 11:8). It had a king of its own ("Shemeber", שמאבר, Gen. 14:2), and was therefore a place of some importance. It was destroyed along with the other cities of the plain, according to Deuteronomy 29:23.
  2. Ge ha-Tsvo`im (גי הצבעים, "valley of the hyenas"), a valley or rugged glen somewhere near Gibeah in Benjamin (1 Sam. 13:18). It was probably the place now bearing the name Wadi Shaykh ad-Dub'a "Ravine of the Chief of the Hyenas" north of Jericho.
  3. Tsvo`im (צבעים, "hyenas"), a place mentioned only in Nehemiah 11:34, inhabited by the Benjamites after the Babylonian captivity.

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 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainEaston, Matthew George (1897). "Zeboim". Easton's Bible Dictionary (New and revised ed.). T. Nelson and Sons.