Zechariah (Hebrew prophet)

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Zechariah as depicted on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel

Zechariah [a] was a person in the Hebrew Bible and traditionally considered the author of the Book of Zechariah, the eleventh of the Twelve Minor Prophets. He was a prophet of the two-tribe Kingdom of Judah, and, like the prophet Ezekiel, was of priestly extraction.

Prophet[edit]

Zechariah as depicted by James Tissot

The book of Zechariah introduces the prophet as the son of Berechiah, the son of Iddo (Zechariah 1:1). The book of Ezra names Zechariah as the son of Iddo (Ezra 5:1 and Ezra 6:14), but it is likely that Berechiah was Zechariah's father, and Iddo was his grandfather.[1]

His prophetical career probably began in the second year of Darius, king of Persia (520 BC). His greatest concern appears to have been with the building of the Second Temple.[1]

He was probably not the "Zechariah" mentioned by Jesus in the Gospel of Matthew and the Gospel of Luke; Zechariah ben Jehoiada was more likely intended.[2]

Bahá'í Faith[edit]

Bahá'í teachers have made comparisons between the prophecies of Zechariah and the Súriy-i-Haykal in the Summons of the Lord of Hosts, a collection of the Tablets of Bahá’u’lláh.[3][importance?]

Liturgical commemoration[edit]

On the Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar, his feast day is February 8. He is commemorated with the other Minor Prophets in the calendar of saints of the Armenian Apostolic Church on July 31. The Roman Catholic Church honors him with a feast day assigned to September 6.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ (/zɛkəˈr.ə/; Hebrew: זְכַרְיָה, Modern Zekharya, Tiberian Zəḵaryā, "YHWH has remembered"; Arabic: زكريّاZakariya' or Zakkariya; Greek: Ζαχαρίας Zakharias; Latin: Zacharias)

References[edit]

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainEaston, Matthew George (1897). "Zechariah". Easton's Bible Dictionary (New and revised ed.). T. Nelson and Sons. 

  1. ^ a b Hirsch, Emil G. (1906). "Zechariah". In Cyrus Adler; et al. Jewish Encyclopedia. New York: Funk & Wagnalls Co. 
  2. ^ Pao & Schnabel on Luke 11:49–51 (2007). Beale & Carson, ed. Commentary on the New Testament Use of the Old Testament. ISBN 978-0801026935. most identify this figure with the Zechariah of 2 Chron. 24:20–25, who was killed in the temple court 
  3. ^ Comparison of the Suriy-i-Haykal and the Prophecies of Zechariah by Cynthia C. Shawamreh, written for the Wilmette Institute, December 1998