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Zeibekiko (Greek: Ζεϊμπέκικο) is a Greek folk dance with a rhythmic pattern of 9/4[1] or else 9/8. it is most commonly broken down as:
1/8 + 1/16 + 1/16 + 1/8 + 1/8 + 1/8 + 1/16 + 1/16 + 1/8 + 1/8 + 1/8
or as:
1/16 + 1/8 + 1/16 + 1/8 + 1/8 + 1/16 + 1/8 + 1/16 + 1/8 + 1/8 + 1/8.

The name is derived from Zeibek warriors of Anatolia.[2]

Greek folkloric variants

There are various theories about the origin of the dance. According one of them, the word "Zeibekiko" is derived from Zeus (the king of the gods in Greek mythology) and "bekos" (μπέκος) meaning "bread" in the dialect of the Greek city of Tralleis.[3] The Greeks of Tralleis would dance zeibekiko to thank Zeus and pray for bread and fertility of the land.[4] Onother one has it that the name of the dance comes from Zei, as a derivative of Greek God Zeus, and the Phrygian word bekos, which means "bread" according to Herodotus.[5] The musicologist Simon Karas claimed that the dance had ancient heritage (rhythmic - dance) as the rhythmic shape is reflected in the odes of Sappho.[6]

The dance is of free choreographic structure. Although in older times the dance was danced by a pair of either the same or opposite sex, it has been evolved a solo dance strictly masculine and is considered in some cases offensive to be interrupted by another dancer. Occasionally dancers perform feats such as standing on a glass of wine or a chair or fireplace, or picking up a table, adding a sense of a little braggadocio and humor.[7]

See also


  1. ^ Kilpatrick, David. "Ethnomusicology", Vol. 6, No. 3, Canadian Issue (Sep., 1972), p. 577.
  2. ^ Babiniotis, Georgios (1998). "ζεϊμπέκικος". Lexiko tis Neas Ellinikis Glossas. Athens: Kentro Lexikologias. p. 709. 
  3. ^ Τάκης Καλογερόπουλος, Λεξικό της Ελληνικής μουσικής, εκδόσεις Γιαλλελή, 2001
  4. ^ Τάκης Καλογερόπουλος, Λεξικό της Ελληνικής μουσικής, εκδόσεις Γιαλλελή, 2001
  5. ^ Dance Studies Volume 16, Centre for Dance Studies, 1989.
  6. ^ Βώσσος, Θεόδωρος: "Χορός Ζεϊμπέκικος", Παράδοση και Τέχνη 019, σελ. 20 - 21, Αθήνα, Δ.Ο.Λ.Τ., Ιανουάριος – Φεβρουάριος 1995
  7. ^ Many authors. Ζεϊμπέκικος. Pandect: The World of Greek Dance (in Greek). Retrieved 19 June 2013.